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Investigation into Newspapers

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Introduction

Investigation into Newspapers

Introduction

There are many different newspapers; they range from tabloid papers to the broadsheet papers. The tabloids are a lighter read to the more involving descriptive broadsheet papers. Different newspapers are written to suit these preferences.
In the tabloid papers the wording used is less profound and therefore more easily understood.

Aim

To find if a tabloid paper gives a more "easier" read than a broadsheet paper

Predictions

A broadsheet paper will have more letters on average per word than a tabloid paper.

Objectives

1.To collect data on number of letter per word in two papers.
2.To present data in a meaningful way
3.To interpret and analyze results and diagrams
4.To draw conclusions on analysis, state whether the prediction is correct.

Method

The data will be collected in-groups as this saves time. Every fourth word in a report will have the numbers of letters counted in it. This should give a good overall view to the word length in a section. Similar sections from each newspaper will be counted as to keep it fair. For example sports will be counted from newspapers, so will economics and politics.

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Middle


11. 0 11. 0
12. 0 12. 0
13. 0 13. 0
Total= 18 18

Report = All three reports/front page, economics and back page

Paper: paper:
Word length (letters) Tally Frequency Word length (letters) Tally Frequency
1. 0 1. 1
2. 6 2. 7
3. 9 3. 7
4. 9 4. 9
5. 5 5. 9
6. 8 6. 2
7. 2 7. 2
8. 3 8. 6
9. 4 9. 2
10. 1 10. 4
11. 0 11. 1
12. 1 12. 0
13. 2 13. 0
Total= 50 50

Tables showing Frequency Density

The Times:
Word Length Interval Width Frequency Frequency Density
1-2 2 6 6/2=3
3-4 2 18 18/2=9
5-6 2 13 13/2=6.5
7-8 2 5 5/2=2.5
9-10 2 5 5/2=2.5
11-13 3 3 3/3=1

The Mirror:
Word Length Interval Width Frequency Frequency Density
1-2 2 8 8/2=4
3-4 2 16 16/2=8
5-6 2 11 11/2=5.5
7-8 2 8 8/2=4
9-10 2 6 6/2=3
11-13 3 1 1/3=0.3

Tables showing Mean, Variance and Standard Deviation

The Times The Mirror
Mean
Front page/Politics 6.42 4.89
Back Page/Football 5.23 5.92
Economics 4.44 5

Variance
Front page/Politics 10.23 7.76
Back Page/Football 5.72 8.695
Economics 4.58 4.67

Standard Deviation
Front page/Politics 3.2 2.71
Back Page/Football 2.39 2.95
Economics 2.14 2.16


Interpretation/ Analysis

By looking at the tally charts and box plots for both The Times and The Mirror on the report on the front page it shows that there is a larger range from The Times. It has a range of 11 to the range of 9 from The Mirror. The median is also a lot higher. The Times has 6 compared to the 4 of The Mirror (A difference of 2 letters per word). The inter quartile range is similar though, The Times has I.Q.R of 6 compared to The Mirrors 5. The upper and lower quartiles are both higher from The Times.

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Conclusion

Conclusion/Evaluation

My prediction is correct. In the conclusion the results suggest that The Times has more letters per word on average than The Mirror, but this does not mean that this is conclusive. There is only a small sample that has been taken. If there was more time larger, more wider investigations could have been taken. I could have investigated other newspapers. I could also have investigated on the size of photographs or pictures that were in the papers, to see if there was a correlation between the size and number of pictures to the size of the words. A factor for there not being enough time was that I collected the results in a group but then lost the results. So I got some old newspapers from a month ago which were available to me and started on my own results.
Word size might not mean that the paper is more profound or easier to read, this assumption I made may be false and invalidate the investigation, this means my conclusion is not definite and I can not take it far.

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