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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 1400

James Breeze 11I

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

James Breeze

James Breeze 11I

Newspaper comparisons


Introduction

I am going to select some newspapers, analyse them for content and style and make comparisons between them. I will use three types of papers to compare relationships/differences between them; they will be broadsheet, tabloid and quality newspapers. I will make sure my results are not biased by only using papers from the same day, this ensures that events in the papers will be similar so are likely to be closely linked (news will be the same, content will be based on similar events ).

Hypothesis1

I think thatThe Independent (a broadsheet) newspaper will on average have move words in a headline than The Sun (a tabloid) newspaper and the Daily Mail (a quality) newspaper.

Trial Method

I am going to collect my data by gathering ten papers for ten days of each type of newspaper. To ensure that my results are unbiased I intend to use the most popular (or best circulated) newspapers of each type. Then I intend to use systematic sampling to collect the first article from each paper, this is fair because the first article or front page article are likely to be of comparative content and importance.

...read more.

Middle

Totals

117

141

110

Average

11.7

14.1

11

Range

24

75

13

Median

10.5

4.5

10

I decided that a bar chart would be the best method to represent this data because it gives you a clear view of the range of the results.

image00.pngThis graph shows us that all the different newspapers headlines are about the same length, but the first article in the Sun obviously stands out as it is considerably longer than any of the others.

Stem and leaf diagram.

The Independent

0  6 6 8 9

1  0 1 1 2 4

2

3  0

The Sun

0  3 3 3 4 4 5

1  0 3 8

2

3

4

5

6

7  8

The Daily Mail

0  5 6 9

1  0 0 0 3 3 6 8


This bar chart shows the average, range and median obtained

image01.png

My results overall were very reliable however the only issue with them was the first Sun article which seems too large. This is still accurate, it can be accounted for because the article it was taken from was particularly large it was several pages long and had numerous sub headings.

Conclusion

My hypothesis was incorrect, I know this because my diagrams show that the highest average from the 3 newspapers was the Sun, not the Independent as I first hypothesised. The range was also higher so I believe that the average was not higher because the headlines were constantly longer, but because one or more headlines were abnormally long. To prove this I have made a new bar chart excluding the Suns outlier result.

image02.png

This chart still does not prove that the Independent has longer headlines the daily mail does, but it does prove that the Independent is more consistent in headline length.

Given more time I could have collected more data, or data from only the front pages of the papers to consolidate these findings.


Hypothesis 2

I think that articles (including pictures and headlines) will be larger (in mm2) in The Independent (a broadsheet).

Trial plan

I am going to collect my data by getting ten papers of each type and then I intend to use systematic sampling to measure the front page article only, measuring the article (in mm2) to obtain my data.

Trial Results

Paper

The independent

The Sun

Daily Mail

1

125928

442298

84148

...read more.

Conclusion

Conclusion

My hypothesis was incorrect again, the Sun had larger articles on average and was very close to the Daily Mail. The Independent had the smallest articles on average, I believe that this is because the content of the Independent is mainly text whereas the Sun is mainly pictorial which takes up more space.

In my first bar graph I noticed a definite trend, the articles in the Independent got smaller further into the newspaper as did those of the Daily Mail. However, the Sun’s articles were varied in size all the way through.

For both my hypotheses now, the Daily Mail has been the most consistent as far as range average and median are concerned.

Given more time I could have collected more data, or data from only the first article of the papers to consolidate these findings.


Extension

It would be interesting to measure the area of just the text of each article in order to analyse the content and style of a broadsheet, quality and tabloid paper. This way I may be able to prove my 2nd hypothesis that a broadsheet will have a larger article size than either a tabloid or a quality paper.

-  -

...read more.

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