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Knowing the relationships of sound and meaning of each word, we will be able to understand how new words are created in English.

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        Knowing the relationships of sound and meaning of each word, we will be able to understand how new words are created in English. Basically, there are several ways that new words can be created: by inventing a new sound sequence and referring it to a meaning, by altering the meaning of an existing word without altering the pronunciation, or by modify or expanding the sound sequence of an existing word.

        The first way refers to acronyms, which are words formed from the initial letters of a phrase. For instance, IPA is the abbreviation of International Phonetic Alphabet, whereas others, such as NASA from

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radio detecting and ranging. Also, parts of words are clipped to become shorter; for example, examination was shortened as ‘exam’, ‘phone’ from telephone, and ‘flu’ from influenza. Last, there are blends which are words made by combining syllables from different words. Examples are ‘motel’ from the first syllable of motor plus the second syllable of hotel, ‘infotainment’ from the first two syllables of information plus the last two syllables of entertainment.

        Second, the meaning of a word may be generalized, for example, ‘Kleenex’ is originally a brand name for facial tissue. But now it refers to facial tissue in general.

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        New words are also formed by borrowing form other languages, and the words have been assimilated into English. For example, there are words from French, like brochure, from Japanese, like sushi, from German, like beer, and so on. Moreover, some words are created by onomatopoeia. Humans mimic the sounds of nature and use these sounds as referents for the sources of sound, such as buzz, whiz.

        In short, with all the above ways, it is probably that new words are kept creating in English.

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