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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 1778

Maths Statistics Coursework

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

        Maths Statistics

GCSE Coursework

Maths Statistics

14/2/05


Table of Contents

1)Introduction

2)Hypothesis

3)Method

4)Results

a)First article

b)Second article

c)Third article

d)Fourth article

e)Summary

5)Conclusion


  1. Introduction

For this assignment I was asked to compare the readability of articles from two newspapers: a tabloid; and a broadsheet.

I selected four pairs of articles and each pair had to cover the same story.

I selected the Observer and the Sunday Express as my two newspapers.

  1. Hypothesis

I predicted that the tabloid articles would be easier to read than those in the broadsheet as I believed they would contain shorter words which more people would understand

  1. Method

To evaluate the readability I compared words from four articles from each newspaper. I selected four articles from the broadsheet then found an article in the tabloid for each that covered the same story.

From each article I selected thirty words using the following method:

I studied the articles I had selected in each newspaper and noted that neither had more than thirty paragraphs and every paragraph had at least ten words.

From each paragraph, words were selected in multiple of five. The first word selected was the fifth, the second word the tenth, the third word the fifteenth and so on.

I divided the number of paragraphs into thirty ignoring any fraction. This gave me the number of words to select as my initial set of words. (e.g.

...read more.

Middle

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3

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3

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4

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4

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5

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5

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6

6

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7

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7

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8

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8

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9

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10

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10

11

11

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12

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12


Table 4.4 shows the averages for both the broadsheet and tabloid.

Table 4.4 – Broadsheet and Tabloid Article Averages

Broadsheet

Tabloid

Range

10

10

Median

4

4

Mean

5 (4.6*)

4 (4.4*)

Mode

4

3

Again, the averages are very similar.

* These have been rounded to avoid having a value representing part of a word.


image09.png

Again, the graph shows a positive skew for both articles, but in these articles the broadsheet used more longer words than in the previous article.


  1. Third article

The article in the broadsheet was titled “Potter’s magic spell turns boys into bookworms” and contained thirteen paragraphs.

The article in the tabloid was titles “Potter coins it like Beckham” and contained thirteen paragraphs.

Table 4.

...read more.

Conclusion

The overall word length comparison appears to show that the newspapers word length use is similar which was not my expected result.

As a final step, I totalled the use of words with length between 1 to 6 and 7 to 12 and produced a summary word length comparison graph. This showed that the broadsheet contained more of the shorter words than the tabloid and the tabloid contained more of the longer words.

This was completely opposite to my prediction. This could be for a variety of reasons including my selection of articles, my choice of newspapers, the size of the sample taken (i.e. only taking thirty words from articles that contained around six hundred words or more) and using Sunday papers that may be aimed at a different audience than the daily papers.

Table 4.9 shows the averages for the summary of the broadsheet and tabloid articles.

Table 4.9 – Summary Broadsheet and Tabloid Article Averages

Broadsheet

Tabloid

Range

10

11

Median

4

4

Mean

4 (4.4*)

5 (4.5*)

Mode

4

2 and 3

* These have been rounded to avoid having a value representing part of a word.


image15.pngimage16.png


  1. Conclusion

I concluded that the broadsheet had the best readability. This is because it uses more shorter words than the tabloid. The tabloid uses more of the longer words as shown by the Summary Word Length graph.

This means that my hypothesis was incorrect because I predicted that the tabloid would use more of the shorter words.

I was quite surprised by theses results because the broadsheets are read more by professional people and the tabloids more by manual workers who may not have had such a good education.

...read more.

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