• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Memory. The task, which the participants had to do was to look at a series of thirty words in a random order. Therefore, I made the words random by shuffling them. After each word was read out a question followed relevant to the level of processing conn

Extracts from this document...


Method Design The actual research method used is an experiment. Experiments always have an IV and DV. In my experiment I shall be looking to see; 'how many words at each level of processing are remembered'. The experimental design, which I shall be following is the repeated measures design. This entails using the same people and testing them under different conditions. In my case it will be testing the same people on the different levels of processing (semantic, phonological and structural). Some disadvantages of the 'repeated measures design' are the practice effects, fatigue and/or boredom of the participants. To reduce this risk we can use a technique called counterbalancing, which involves varying the order of the way in which the trials are presented. I used counterbalancing in my experiment. The advantages of this method, however, is that it is often more accurate, also that we can use the same participants to test each level of processing on, thereby making it a quicker method to use as opposed to matched pairs and independent measures design for example. ...read more.


to record the words they recalled on, the questionnaire, which had each word I used followed by the relevant question that related to its level of processing. This was needed in order to ask the participants a question relating to the level of processing associated with that word and a pen was also needed. I also used a computer and a printer in order to print off my words and questionnaire that I used for my experiment. These materials were all vital in the process of my research. Procedure Pupils were approached and given a copy of the brief (which deals with the participants consent), I said, "Excuse me, I am currently a student studying psychology at Bournville College of further education and am conducting a study to do with memory would you like to take part in it?" If they said no, they were then thanked. If they said yes they were given a copy of the standardised instructions. ...read more.


Another ethical issue could be the participants right to withdraw from the experiment at any time if they wished. By this I mean that if they did not wish to continue they could stop at any time. Also one must consider confidentiality as an ethical consideration. By this I mean that the results I gathered from the participants will not be displayed along with their name and identity, so no one knows the people from which I gathered my data from, out of respect for them. To control these ethical considerations I explained clearly to the participants that their results will remain strictly confidential and that they have the right to withdraw and stop at any time during the experiment. Also I asked whether they would mind taking part in my experiment and writing as many words as they could remember down on a piece of paper. I told them that the experiment was to do with memory and was to help me with my coursework. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. Assesment of Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia.

    One of the 5 pictures being the target which corresponded to the target word whilst the other 4 being distracters in which one was a close semantic distracter from the same subordinate category as the target, secondly a more distant semantic distracter, as well as a visually similar distracter and an unrelated distracter.

  2. Maths coursework: read all about it.

    Not only this, but it also proved that the percentage chance of picking a short word was higher in a tabloid than in a broadsheet. All of this information helps to back up my hypothesis and prediction, that the average word length is higher in a broadsheet than in a tabloid.

  1. Are High Imagery Words Easier To Retrieve From The Short Term Memory Than Abstract ...

    Whether the words presented to each participant was the abstract or the concrete list iv.

  2. The aim of the research is to find out whether or not interference does ...

    Cherry investigated the cocktail party phenomenon by using 'dichotic listening tasks' in which participants were required to listen to two different messages at the same time. Different messages were played to each ear through headphones. Cherry also asked participants to repeat one of the messages out loud and then asked them questions about the other message.

  1. Investigation into the effects of levels of processing.

    Total mark = ________ 12 marks Candidates are reminded that in order to fulfil the requirements of the specification they must collect, pool and analyse their data individually or in groups of 4 or fewer. They are also reminded that the study described in the Project Brief must be the one submitted for the coursework report.

  2. An experiment to look at the primacy and recency effect on recalling a word ...

    I decided to set a time of 5 seconds display for each word. Also the slide show lasted exactly 2 minuets, and the participants in the first condition were given maths problems to complete in 2 minutes.

  1. To test if preventing the rehearsal loop by an interference task reduces the number ...

    A matched pairs design attempts to match people in one group with a similar person in another therefore it can control the individual differences of the participants rather that the entire group and prevent confounding and extraneous variables from occurring.

  2. Investigating the Levels of Processing Theory

    10 participants will be assigned to each type of processing - I will use independent groups as my design. Also, unlike Craik and Tulving, I will read the P's each word and they will only be given one question that applies to each of the 20 words I will use.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work