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Memory. The task, which the participants had to do was to look at a series of thirty words in a random order. Therefore, I made the words random by shuffling them. After each word was read out a question followed relevant to the level of processing conn

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Introduction

Method Design The actual research method used is an experiment. Experiments always have an IV and DV. In my experiment I shall be looking to see; 'how many words at each level of processing are remembered'. The experimental design, which I shall be following is the repeated measures design. This entails using the same people and testing them under different conditions. In my case it will be testing the same people on the different levels of processing (semantic, phonological and structural). Some disadvantages of the 'repeated measures design' are the practice effects, fatigue and/or boredom of the participants. To reduce this risk we can use a technique called counterbalancing, which involves varying the order of the way in which the trials are presented. I used counterbalancing in my experiment. The advantages of this method, however, is that it is often more accurate, also that we can use the same participants to test each level of processing on, thereby making it a quicker method to use as opposed to matched pairs and independent measures design for example. ...read more.

Middle

to record the words they recalled on, the questionnaire, which had each word I used followed by the relevant question that related to its level of processing. This was needed in order to ask the participants a question relating to the level of processing associated with that word and a pen was also needed. I also used a computer and a printer in order to print off my words and questionnaire that I used for my experiment. These materials were all vital in the process of my research. Procedure Pupils were approached and given a copy of the brief (which deals with the participants consent), I said, "Excuse me, I am currently a student studying psychology at Bournville College of further education and am conducting a study to do with memory would you like to take part in it?" If they said no, they were then thanked. If they said yes they were given a copy of the standardised instructions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another ethical issue could be the participants right to withdraw from the experiment at any time if they wished. By this I mean that if they did not wish to continue they could stop at any time. Also one must consider confidentiality as an ethical consideration. By this I mean that the results I gathered from the participants will not be displayed along with their name and identity, so no one knows the people from which I gathered my data from, out of respect for them. To control these ethical considerations I explained clearly to the participants that their results will remain strictly confidential and that they have the right to withdraw and stop at any time during the experiment. Also I asked whether they would mind taking part in my experiment and writing as many words as they could remember down on a piece of paper. I told them that the experiment was to do with memory and was to help me with my coursework. ...read more.

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