• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Memory. The task, which the participants had to do was to look at a series of thirty words in a random order. Therefore, I made the words random by shuffling them. After each word was read out a question followed relevant to the level of processing conn

Extracts from this document...


Method Design The actual research method used is an experiment. Experiments always have an IV and DV. In my experiment I shall be looking to see; 'how many words at each level of processing are remembered'. The experimental design, which I shall be following is the repeated measures design. This entails using the same people and testing them under different conditions. In my case it will be testing the same people on the different levels of processing (semantic, phonological and structural). Some disadvantages of the 'repeated measures design' are the practice effects, fatigue and/or boredom of the participants. To reduce this risk we can use a technique called counterbalancing, which involves varying the order of the way in which the trials are presented. I used counterbalancing in my experiment. The advantages of this method, however, is that it is often more accurate, also that we can use the same participants to test each level of processing on, thereby making it a quicker method to use as opposed to matched pairs and independent measures design for example. ...read more.


to record the words they recalled on, the questionnaire, which had each word I used followed by the relevant question that related to its level of processing. This was needed in order to ask the participants a question relating to the level of processing associated with that word and a pen was also needed. I also used a computer and a printer in order to print off my words and questionnaire that I used for my experiment. These materials were all vital in the process of my research. Procedure Pupils were approached and given a copy of the brief (which deals with the participants consent), I said, "Excuse me, I am currently a student studying psychology at Bournville College of further education and am conducting a study to do with memory would you like to take part in it?" If they said no, they were then thanked. If they said yes they were given a copy of the standardised instructions. ...read more.


Another ethical issue could be the participants right to withdraw from the experiment at any time if they wished. By this I mean that if they did not wish to continue they could stop at any time. Also one must consider confidentiality as an ethical consideration. By this I mean that the results I gathered from the participants will not be displayed along with their name and identity, so no one knows the people from which I gathered my data from, out of respect for them. To control these ethical considerations I explained clearly to the participants that their results will remain strictly confidential and that they have the right to withdraw and stop at any time during the experiment. Also I asked whether they would mind taking part in my experiment and writing as many words as they could remember down on a piece of paper. I told them that the experiment was to do with memory and was to help me with my coursework. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. Assesment of Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia.

    Next a written word-picture matching task was given. This task being the same as the previous task except the words to be matched to the pictures were presented in written form thus requiring AM to read and understand the words.

  2. Investigating the Levels of Processing Theory

    As explained earlier, I will only use two forms of encoding in the questions - either physical or semantic. I will give each participant a question and read them 20 words, which they should rate on an answer sheet according to the question.

  1. are words or images recalled better

    and the end of the list (recency effect), but they are less good at recalling words in the middle. In the primacy effect, the first words are rehearsed and transferred to LTM. The recency effect occurs because these words are in STM when they start recalling the list.

  2. Do people remember more words in the morning or afternoon?

    because of the recency effect and proves that the last few words are still stored in the short term memory. The other words that most participants remembered was the words that they heard first this is called the primacy effect and proves that these words are stored in the long

  1. Investigation into the effects of levels of processing.

    In this sense they are also being deceived. To deal with this, I will give a full debrief to the participants. I will also maintain their confidentiality by them filling questionnaires anonymously. Participants will also be given the right to withdraw from the experiment.

  2. AS Psychology Coursework- Research on Deeper Processing

    (such as "what does this word rhyme with?" which stimulates phonetic processing.) Participants would answer the questions. After all the words were shown, they were unexpectedly asked to take a memory test requiring them to identify words they have just encountered in a list of random words.

  1. Investigation into the effect of homophone training on reaction times for a forced choice ...

    for pseudohomophone/real word pairs compared to non word/real word pairs and therefore to display the pseudohomophone effect. The group that was not trained using homophones continues to use both orthographic and phonological means of detecting real words. This causes their reaction times to not be significantly different between the two different types of pairing.

  2. An experiment to look at the primacy and recency effect on recalling a word ...

    The dependant is the amount of correct words recalled by the participants, in particular the last ten words of a thirty word list, to distinguish the recency effect. Method: Design The investigation I plan to do is an experiment, I chose this research method as it will give quantitive data, and can establish cause and effect.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work