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Number Stairs Maths Investigation

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Introduction

Number Stairs Maths Investigation

NUMBER STAIRS

This is a 10 by 10 Number Grid:

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

100

81

82

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

71

72

73

74

75

76

77

78

79

80

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Fig. 1

Marked on the grid is a stair shape; this is called a 3-Step Stair.

The total of the numbers inside the stair shape is:

25 + 26 + 27 + 35 + 36 + 45 = 194

The Stair Total for this 3-step stair is 194.

Part 1

For other 3-step stairs, investigate the relationship between the stair total and the position of the stair shape on the grid.

Part 2

Investigate further the relationship between the stair totals and other step stairs on other number grids.

4w+1

4w+2

4w+3

4w+4

5w

3w+1

3w+2

3w+3

3w+4

4w

2w+1

2w+2

2w+3

2w+4

3w

1w+1

1w+2

1w+3

1w+4

2w

0w+1

0w+2

0w+3

0w+4

1w

w = width

Fig. 1

On every size of number grid the formula in each block above will be the right formula for the corresponding number on any grid. However, on larger or smaller number grids some blocks may not exist or more blocks may exist. The formulae in the furthest right hand side column are always in the furthest right hand side column on every size of grid as these define what the number is at the end of each row.

...read more.

Middle

30

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Fig. 1

The formula for a 3-step stair is:

(wy-w+x) + [(wy-w+x)+1] + [(wy-w+x)+2] + [(wy-w+x)+w] + [(wy-w+x)+w+1] + [(wy-w+x)+2w]

This can be simplified to:

6wy-2w+6x+4

From these formulae, when x is substituted with 5 and y is substituted with 3 (5 and 3 being the coordinates of the keystone of the step stair positioned lower on the grid above), an answer of 194 is calculated.

25+26+27+35+36+45 = 194

Also from these formulae, when x is substituted with 7 and y is substituted with 7 (7 and 7 being the coordinates of the keystone of the step stair positioned higher on the grid above), an answer of 446 is calculated.

67+68+69+77+78+87 = 446

This confirms the formula 6wy-2w+6x+4 can be used to calculate the stair total of a 3-step stair on a 10 by 10 grid.

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Fig. 1

From the formula (6wy-2w+6x+4), when x is substituted with 2 and y is substituted with 2 (2 and 2 being the coordinates of the keystone of the step stair positioned lower on the grid above), an answer of 86 is calculated.

9+10+11+16+17+23 = 86

From the formula (6wy-2w+6x+4), when x is substituted with 4 and y is substituted with 6 (5 and 6 being the coordinates of the keystone of the step stair positioned higher on the grid above), an answer of 266 is calculated.

39+40+41+46+47+53 = 266

This confirms that the formula 6wy-2w+6x+4 can be used to calculate the stair total of a 3-step stair on a number grid of any size.

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

100

81

82

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

71

72

73

74

75

76

77

78

79

80

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

...read more.

Conclusion

10wy-0w+10x+10 can be used to calculate the stair total of a 4-step stair on a number grid of any size.

73

74

75

76

77

78

79

80

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

72

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Fig. 1

The formula for the 5-step stair is:

(wy-w+x) + [(wy-w+x)+1] + [(wy-w+x)+2] + [(wy-w+x)+3] + [(wy-w+x)+4] +

[(wy-w+x)+w] + [(wy-w+x)+w+1] + [(wy-w+x)+w+2] + [(wy-w+x)+w+3] +

[(wy-w+x)+2w] + [(wy-w+x)+2w+1] + [(wy-w+x)+2w+2] + [(wy-w+x)+3w] +

[(wy-w+x)+3w+1] + [(wy-w+x)+4w]

This can be simplified to:

15wy+5w+15x+20

From these formulae, when x is substituted with 3 and y is substituted with 4 (3 and 4 being the coordinates of the keystone of the step stair on the grid above), an answer of 585 is calculated.

27+28+29+30+31+35+36+37+38+43+44+45+51+52+59 = 585

This confirms the formula 15wy+5w+15x+20 can be used to calculate the stair total of a 5-step stair on a number grid of any size.

73

74

75

76

77

78

79

80

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

72

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Fig. 1

The formula for the 2-step stair is:

(wy-w+x) + [(wy-w+x)+1] + [(wy-w+x)+w]

This can be simplified to:

3wy-2w+3x+1

From these formulae, when x is substituted with 2 and y is substituted with 3 (2 and 3 being the coordinates of the keystone of the step stair positioned lower on the grid above), an answer of 63 is calculated.

18+19+26 = 63

This confirms the formula 3wy-2w+3x+1 can be used to calculate the stair total of a 2-step stair on a number grid of any size.

73

74

75

76

77

78

79

80

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

72

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

41

42

43

44

...read more.

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