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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 11711

Past and Present ideas about Schizophrenia

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

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        In 1909 Eagan Bleuler  & coined the term schizophrenia, which means  split mind,  a label which although has stuck, has brought about much misunderstanding about the illness, (Emental-health.com).  In most cases because of the term that Bleuler created, people think that schizophrenia is a split personality disorder.  However, this is not the case:  & the name actually refers to the splitting or fragmentation of an individual s thinking process,  (Emental-health.com).  This mental illness has been around for thousands of years, and documents about this disease from the B.C. era have been found.  Although the symptoms for schizophrenia have remained the same throughout the centuries the way that medical technicians have cured the disease, and the beliefs about schizophrenia have changed drastically.  

        Schizophrenia has been blamed for many different situations and problems over a period of thousands of years.   Over the years the gut, boiling blood, and broken hearts have all been blamed by eminent medical men focusing on madness,  (Hall/Kahl).  Priests, theologians, humanitarians, scientists and doctors, to name a few, have all tried by coming up with (sometimes absurd reasons) for explaining the origins of schizophrenia and used these reasons to define the disease.

...read more.

Middle

        Views changed once more, when the Christian Saints decided take the ideas that were already written and examine more closely the origins of the disease to create a definition.  However, when any of the Saints talked of hallucinations or hearing voices it was decided that this was a sign that God was speaking to them, (Emental-health.com).  This disease was considered divine rather then being evil, as it was thought of in earlier times.  The idea of hallucinations changed in the 15th century and people with this disease were no longer looked at as being divine but were believed to show evidence of possession.  Women who suffered with this illness were looked at as being witches. (Emental-health.com)  

        The ideas of possession and witchcraft lasted until the 18th century when the nervous system was finally used to explain the reasons for having schizophrenia, (Emental-health.com).  By studying the nervous system the definition of schizophrenia was changed to the definition we know today:  a psychotic disorder characterized by loss of contact with the environment, by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life&   (Webster s).  Another modern definition of schizophrenia is,  any of a large group of mental disorders in which the patient loses touch with reality and in which the person is no longer able to think or act normally,  (Signet/Mosby).

...read more.

Conclusion

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