• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Perception - the interpretation of information.

Extracts from this document...


Gemma Stirling


Perception is the interpretation of information, which we receive through our senses. We all receive sensory information, like smells, sounds or noises. We can also make sense of them, both consciously and unconsciously. This therefore allows us to fit the new information in with other things that we already know. As part of studying human beings we need to be able to explain both how the similarities have come about and also how the differences happen. The study of perception is one of the most advanced areas of psychology. Many perceptual processes, especially those involving vision and audition, are well understood and provide a vital bridge between neuroscience and behavioral science. But much more must be learned. One major mystery is how we identify the shapes of things, the configuration of contours and edges that populate our visual world with poodles, people, potholes, and Picassos. Another is how we move from identifying the shapes of objects to identifying the objects themselves. A third is how perception is influenced by a person's experiences, motives, expectations, and goals. Psychologists consider that people have come to be who they are

...read more.


Once the babies were reacting to that particular cube, Bower tried varying what the babies were shown. He showed them the cube at different angles, at different distances and also differently sized cubes at various distances. The idea was that the babies were born with size consistency, they would still recognise the cube even when it was further away and looked smaller. He could still recognise something when it was shown to them at different angle. Bower found that even very young babies had the basics of size and shape constancy, although it was nowhere near as highly developed as an adult’s. So it seems that there is some aspect to this type of perception but shows that we still need to develop it with our experiences. A different method was tried by Franz 1961. He set up an apparatus which allows him to detect what very young infant’s shapes, two at a time. By measuring how long infants looked at each shape, Franz was able to tell which one they preferred and he deduced from this that they must be able to detect what was on it or they wouldn’t prefer it. He found that babies tended to prefer patterns to plain shapes.

...read more.


Some criticisms of the nature nurture debate is that most research involves babies who although young, have had some experience of the world, and therefore it is hard to separate the learned and innate responses evidence of the empiricist position. It is also difficult to interpret animal studies to human studies. Most psychologists use animals when studying different perspectives, so they can get a valid conclusion. But with it being animals they are studying and not humans who are the one who will be of benefit.


...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Pay Phone Problem section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Pay Phone Problem essays

  1. Mystery investigation

    Sure, she will be a great help. I am too angry to even notice a new presence in my office. Talking to myself, cursing my bad luck seems to amuse the very same presence. I can hear a mesmerising laugh echoing in my office. I turn around and there she is.

  2. Is there a neural correlate of consciousness?

    The same explanatory gap still remains unexplained (Levine, 1983 in Young & Block, 1996). Despite all the advances in neuroscience we cannot explain the subjective experience of what it is like to see red or feel the smell of a coffee in the morning.

  1. Something, which I am interested in, is building plastic model kits.

    I started by doing steps seven and eight. This got the main hull of the ship made up. Then it was more painting again for the rest of the steps. Then there were a lot of small parts that needed to be put together; this took about a week to do.

  2. The woman is going to make a phone call costing any multiple of 10p. ...

    T1 40p 40 1 T2 50p - - T3 60p 30,30 1 T4 70p 30,4040,30 2 T5 = T2+T1 80p 40,40 1 T6 = T3+T2 90p 30,30,30 1 T7 = T4+T3 I am going to test the General Rule for (30p,np)

  1. Algebra Coursework (payphone problem).

    The last numbers of the formulae changes to 3, 4 and 5 when we use 30p, 40p, and 50p respectively. This also shows us that when 30 is divided by 10 it equals 3 and 40 divided by 10 equals 4 and so on.

  2. The Dice Game - Probabilities.

    on third go = [(5/6) � (4/6) � (3/6)]� � (1/6) There is one problem with trying to find out the probability of A winning, which is that the instructions do not specify when A will win the game. This means that you could go on indefinitely saying that A might not have won the time before but might win the next time.

  1. The Importance of Patterns in Taekwondo.

    As I have learnt from other sports, technique is more important than power. This is because without the correct technique, power is wasted, causing moves such as kicks to be poor as they may miss the intended target and hit with the incorrect part of the foot.

  2. Parachute Investigation.

    We will then continue by dropping the parachute from different heights standing on a table if required. Each height will be tested containing a different weight and vice versa. The following heights and weights will be tested :- 1m - 1coin, 2 coins, 3 coins, 4 coins, 5 coins 1.25m

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work