• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Performing an Hysterosalpingogram.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Hysterosalpingogram By Ziad 13.2 Mr Neil Physics Introduction 1 Procedure 1 After the test 3 Advantages 3 Disadvantages 3 Evaluation 4 Introduction I am experimenting on a 28-year-old female who has not been able to conceive a child. This problem can either be caused by weak sperm cells that can't penetrate the female ovaries or it could mean that the female's fallopian tube is blocked which won't allow any sperm to reach the ovaries. I will be examining my patient's fallopian tubes to see whether they are blocked. To do this I will need to see inside her body with an x-ray called a Hysterosalpingogram (HSG). To perform this task I will need to inject my patient in her cervix with dye (Barium), which should enhance the imaging of her x-ray. I will use the image to examine her reproductive system. From the image I should be able to know if the fallopian tube is blocked. If it doesn't show up on x-ray it would mean that the dye couldn't travel there because something was jamming it. To respect my patient's dignity I will assign female x-ray staff to perform the task and will give my patient a gown to wear and a blanket to cover the lower side of her body. ...read more.

Middle

* For example sake a tenaculum is placed on the cervix, after that a narrow metal cannula is inserted through the cervical opening. * Contrast is then injected through the cannula. * If the dye doesn't flow through the fallopian tubes, more pressure is needed to check if the tubes are blocked. * This can cause further anxiety. * While the uterine cavity is filling up, an automated X-ray machine will take images. * More dye will then be injected so that the dye should finally fill the fallopian tubes and spill into the abdominal cavity. * More X-rays are taken * When there are signs of blockage in both tubes then the patient will be asked to roll over to one side, this is to give a slanted image. This might help to explain her anatomy. After the test After the examination she will be given a hand by female staff when making her way to the bathroom and if she is experiencing light bleeding then she will be given a sanitary pad. Some side effects may occur like cramping, dizziness or nausea but these should disappear in about 30 minutes. ...read more.

Conclusion

We needed to use the HSG because it's the best imaging technique for the reproductive system. It gives us a clear inside image of what is going on inside the reproductive system, which an x-ray would have given us less detailed imaging. The image produced shows us where the problem was occurring in detail. If we used ultrasound it would have showed us a very bad detailed image that requires a lot of experience to interpret. The type of treatments it's used to image is pregnancies and blood flow. You couldn't use ultrasound for this treatment. The HSG is very reliable but it can produce undependable results in the case it detects a spasm instead of a blockage. It's a sensitive test and doesn't use a lot of x-ray radiation to perform. In the usual x-ray image more radiation is used to produce a clear image, as for HSG's a little amount of radiation is used and a little amount of dye. There weren't any serious health hazards. Like in a typical x-ray the member of staff hides behind lead wall that the rays can't penetrate. To the patient the risks are very mild, normally fever, cramping or colds in rare cases some patients might be allergic to the dye. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Pay Phone Problem section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Pay Phone Problem essays

  1. Were coins used in the Roman Empire more for propaganda purposes or as a ...

    This shows me that Roman people were greedy and that they would do anything to gain more money. In conclusion the emperors used the coins not as a monetary means but as a means to boost their reputation and to make them seem as though they have many likeable qualities.

  2. The Pay Phone Problem

    13 70 21 The sequence goes up in a regular pattern - this formula shows this pattern and makes it easy to predict the next value. To get the next value you have to add the previous terms together to get the Nth term.

  1. The woman is going to make a phone call costing any multiple of 10p. ...

    T3 = T1 50p - - T4 = T2 60p 20,20,20 1 T5 = T3 70p - - T6 = T4 80p 20,20,20,20 1 T7 = T5 As any term is equal to the term, which is the second previous to it, the General Formulae for (20p, 20p)

  2. Algebra Coursework (payphone problem).

    The last numbers of the formulae changes to 2, 3, 4 and 5 when we use 20p, 30p, 40p and 50p respectively. This also shows us that when 20 is divided by 10 it equals 2 and 30 divided by 10 equals 3 and so on.

  1. In 'A Question of Blood' by Ian Rankin Detective Inspector John Rebus has been ...

    When he went to the gunman's place of work which was a waterskiing business he came face to face with two army investigators which got Rebus wondering to why they were here as the gunman was ex-army so he went to Hogan who explained that it went over their heads to higher authorities.

  2. The Undetermined Amount.

    Johnson smells coffee in the air and decides to go into a caf´┐Ż and buy a cup for the trip home. Johnson, waits patiently in line to buy a cup, finally reaches the front of the line only to hear the white girl say "no more coffee for a while"(p.113).

  1. The Test

    During the time he was out I had made a phone call to the prosecution lawyer Mr Wickers.

  2. It is so hot, that is the thought that has been running through my ...

    He also owns a kosher auto repair shop where the cars are sometimes taken to get new body paint after being fitted with new plates and are no longer dodgy. Which makes him a very useful person to know in London if you ever want a top of the range car for half of what it usually costs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work