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psycology- short term memory

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Introduction

Psychology assignment

On short term memory

The Memory Game

This investigation was carried out on my own and a ten year olds Short Term Memory. Ten flash cards were selected from a flash card pack, hence it was a non acoustic, non semantic, non phonetic test. The first test carried out after a quick glance at the words, later both individuals looked at the cards for a minute covered them and wrote down what could be remembered. Soon after that we had a five minute rest, and tried to remember the words again. The objective of this assignment is to see whose memory functions better and to see which method has succeeded in getting the short term memory into long term memory. This investigation is based on Baddeley (1966), within his study, he tested the STM, participants were asked to recall the words immediately. Long Term Memory participants were asked to recall the words after a timed delay.

Method:
A child between the age of 6 and 12 was selected, in this case a 10 year old boy, M was selected. Ten random word cards were selected from a flash card pack.

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Middle

Adult

4 words

7

7 words

M

5 words

8

9 words

Graph displaying the results obtained can be seen overleaf and shows:

Analysis:

The experiment was well structured. My findings were correct to those studied by Baddeley, the longer individuals saw the words the more they remembered. Writing the words down after a quick glance was rather difficult, both individuals scored lower marks, in which ten year old M had scored higher. This proved that the brain could not store all the words after a quick glance.

After one minute of looking at the words, individuals scored higher because the brain had more time to absorb these words and take them into the long term memory. There was time to make a long sentence with all the words. M got eight correct and I had seven.

When individuals took a five minute break, my results stayed the same, I had only remembered the words that I knew after one minute and the same after the five minute break. However M’s results showed differently, he knew two extra words. This was an odd result, I would have thought both participants would forget some words, however I saw the adverse.

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Conclusion

If I was to repeat the investigation, I would use a child who has not memorised things before, hence we would both be at the same level. I would select a girl, two females could do the memory game. In future, I could use acoustic and semantic words, and use more words, such as twenty. This way, my results would have been clearer to understand.

Conclusion:

I consequently conclude, individuals remembered words better after a longer observation. As according to Baddeley’s theory people remember things better if there are syllables or if there are acoustic or semantic patterns, however I did not use these patterns. Also, those who are used to the idea of memorising, are likely to remember better, the mind can absorb the information quicker. Muhammad is ten years younger than me, his memory is better than mine. The test was structured as fairly as possible.

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