• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Statistical Investigation

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Statistical Investigation: Newspaper Comparison

For my statistical investigation coursework project, I have chosen to compare “The Sun” (tabloid) and “Financial Times” (broadsheet).

      I will analyse both of those newspapers for context and style and make comparisons between them. I will consider amounts of space devoted to different items such as, images, articles and headlines. Most importantly I will be analysing the readability in terms of word lengths.

      Finally I will conclude my investigation by commenting on the data collected and how my results relate to my initial hypothesis.

Tabloid: The Sun

Broadsheet: Financial Times

More images

More text

Large headline

Detailed

A3

A2 (usually)

Less complex language

More complex language  

Lower reading age

Higher reading age

Less content

More important news

Shorter words

Longer words

Hypothesises

  1. The pages of the tabloid will be covered with a larger area of images than the broadsheet.

     I will prove this by measuring the total area of the images on each front page of each newspaper and work that out as a percentage of the total area of each page, then compare.

  1. The headlines of the tabloid are larger than the headlines of the broadsheet.

     I will test this by measuring and comparing the sizes of the front page headlines of each paper.

  1. There is more space dedicated to the actual text in the front page article of the broadsheet than of the tabloid.

...read more.

Middle

     60

  1. Tabloid: 1 page of international news 1image02.pngimage03.png

                                                          60

Broadsheet: 5 pages of international news 5image04.pngimage05.png

                                                                 18

Readability

Hypothesis

I believe that the broadsheet newspaper will have a higher number of longer words than the tabloid and will therefore be harder to read.

     To prove this I will create two frequency tables of the number of letters in a word for each newspaper. The data will not be grouped. From these cumulative frequency tables I will construct two cumulative frequency graphs. I will also create two grouped frequency tables in order to also construct two histograms. I will analyse both the histogram and the cumulative frequency graph in order to find out whether my hypothesis is correct.

     To avoid bias I will collect a random sample of words. In order to do this I will use the RAN# button on my calculator. I will number each page in the tabloid from 1 to 60 and each page from the broadsheet 1 to 18. I will also number the first 200 words on each page 1 to 200.

      I will press SHIFTRAN#to give me a random number between 0 and 1 I will then multiply this number by 60 or 18 (depending on which newspaper it is that I am collecting data from) and then round it to an integer to identify the page of the newspaper. I will again press SHIFTRAN#to give a 2nd

...read more.

Conclusion

     The cumulative frequency graph also depicted a lot of information. The gradient of the tabloid is a lot steeper at the beginning of the graph, showing that most of the data is within the first quartile. As we go further down in the ‘x axis’ the line gets flatter. The lower quartile is 1.8 and the upper quartile is 5.6, giving an inter quartile range of 3.7 the inter quartile range for the tabloid is much less than that of the broadsheet showing a more consistent unbiased distribution centred around the Median.

The box plot diagram tells gives us another perspective of our data.

     For example the Median is closer to the lower quartile in the tabloid than in the broadsheet. This was hypothesised, but a larger discrepancy was anticipated.

     The Median of the broadsheet although further away from the lower quartile than the tabloid is still less than we expected. This is to do with bias, because there are large amounts of 3-4 letter words in all newspapers regardless of whether it is broadsheet or tabloid, there will never be a completely positively skewed graph of letters in words for any newspaper.

     I have concluded that my tabloid data has fitted my hypothesis very smoothly, which suggests that tabloids have a larger amount of words with few letters.

     My broadsheet did not fit my hypothesis ideally but never the less did support the main idea. I believe this to be because there are a large amount of 3 letter words in all newspapers

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. "Broadsheet newspapers have a longer average word length than tabloid newspapers"

    Broadsheet Median - Lower = 4 - 2.5 = 1.5 Upper - Median = 6.6 - 4 = 2.6 The median is closer to the lower quartile by 1.1 letters. This shows that the tabloid and the broadsheet do have positive skews, suggesting my hypothesis may be correct.

  2. Outline any differences between Tabloid and Broadsheet Newspapers in terms of word length, sentence ...

    The mean Standard Deviation of the word lengths = 7.57 (2dp) The standard deviation of the word lengths indicates the amount of variation/dispersion from the mean of the word lengths. I shall compare the standard deviation of the word lengths from Broadsheet Newspapers with the Standard Deviation of word lengths from Tabloid Newspapers later in this investigation.

  1. Assesment of Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia.

    word does effect his ability to accurately read a word but this effect is not great. The results of the letter discrimination in words and non-words on which AM scored 51/60 suggests he is poorer at discriminating letters when they are presented in word form than as single letters.

  2. Maths Statistical Coursework

    the data, checking that I didn't miss out any individual stories when adding the separate stories areas to form the area of newspaper for each individual topic. Daily Mail Type of story Area of newspaper (cm�) Percentage total Personal/Celebrity 2058 21% Politics 721 7% Global Issues 80 1% Other 7049 71% Daily Star Type of story Area of newspaper (cm�)

  1. Maths Statistics Coursework on the Readability of a Tabloid Newspaper Compared to a Broadsheet

    which newspaper has on average the more, longer words giving us an idea of the complexity of the language with the results you get. The mathematical process that I think offers least significance is the interquartile range as especially with these results it did not show us anything that wasn't already made clear to us from the standard deviation.

  2. Statistically comparing books

    I typed all the 5 blocks from Nicholas Nickleby into Microsoft Word. The Readability Statistics showed: This would mean the reading age for Nicholas Nickleby would be: I typed all the 5 blocks from Order of the Phoenix into Microsoft Word.

  1. The Open Box Problem

    or a whole number Because I cannot be sure whether or not the above graph is symmetrical, I am going to test for this by taking the numbers immediately above and below my highest point. If both of these numbers produce a volume of less than 3,456cm� then 6cm will be the required cut-out size to achieve the biggest value.

  2. Compare the readability of three newspapers, a broadsheet (The Times), an informative tabloid (Daily ...

    15 0 Total: 34 34 is the correct amount of words that I needed to collect from the news section. Number of letters Tally: Frequency 1 0 2 2 3 5 4 1 5 1 6 2 7 0 8 1 9 1 10 1 11 0 12 0 13

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work