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The effect of the presentation of information on its integration into Short Term Memory.

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Introduction

The effect of the presentation of information on its integration into Short Term Memory

Abstract:

There are arguably several factors that can affect the integration of information into Short Term Memory. These factors can include the length of exposure to particular information and the environment that a person is in when they are being exposed to the information.

The main points of this study are to examine whether or not certain factors affect the integration of information into Short Term Memory and to see if memory tests are able to provide significant results that are able to provide significant results that are able to prove the hypothesis.

Aim:

To investigate whether or not the way that information is presented effects the way that the information is integrated into the Short Term Memory.

Hypothesis:

        The way that information is presented affects the way that people remember it. Participants who are exposed to words and pictures will be able to recall more information in the memory tests in comparison to participants who are merely shown words to remember.

...read more.

Middle

When it was time to start the experiment I told the participants: The timing will begin now

When the minute was over they the words were taken down off the wall and the participants were told that they could start writing. My colleague was in charge of timing the duration of exposure and the duration that the participants were given to write the words they had remembered.

Once the experiment was over we informed the participants that:

All the information that has been recorded will remain anonymous and confidential. Thank you for helping us.

In order to ensure that the results were as accurate as we could possibly make them the two colleagues who tested condition B participants had to say exactly the same thing to the participants and there were two copies of the script that was given to the experimenters in both conditions.

The papers that contained the words that the participants had written down were collected and the results analysed.  

Results:

Participant

Condition 1: Interesting presentation

Scores

Condition 2: Plain presentation

Scores

1

11

7

2

9

4

3

11

7

4

8

6

5

12

5

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Conclusion

s

Rank

Condition 2: Plain presentation

Scores

Rank

11

8.5

7

4.5

9

7

4

1

11

8.5

7

4.5

8

6

6

3

12

10

5

2

Total

51

T1=40

29

T2=15

Mean

10.2

5.8

N1= 5

N2=5

Tx=T1=40

U= (25+15) –40

U=0

Conclusion:

By using the Mann – Whitney test we were able to come up with a U value of 0. From the significance table we found out that the level of significance .005.

It becomes clear that there is a significant difference between the amounts of words that participants with interesting presentation remembered when compared to those with plain presentation. The probability of the results that we obtained were due to chance is very low, .005 and this result enables us to accept our hypothesis. The way that information is presented does affect the way that information is integrated into Short Term Memory and the more interesting method of presenting information leads to higher scores in the memory test. Therefore we are able to reject the null hypothesis. The research that we have conducted and the results that we have obtained provides support for our hypothesis.

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