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The Readability of Various Newspapers.

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Introduction

Maths Coursework The Readability of Various Newspapers James Hems The Problem & Plan I have noticed that when reading different newspapers that a newspaper can report on the same subject in many different ways. In this project I have investigated the difference between various newspapers which are dispatched around the country. For the project I have chosen three newspapers from Monday to Friday to study. I took papers from Monday to Friday as it also gave a fairer investigation. Two of the newspapers are what are known as a "Broadsheet" and the other a "Tabloid" newspaper. The newspapers in question are "Times", "Independent" and "Daily Mail". I feel that there is quite difference between a "Broadsheet" paper and a "Tabloid" one. In order to investigate the differences between the papers I will be using two different methods of readability. The difference between different newspapers is called the readability. The readability is measured in many ways and gives an idea on how difficult or easy a newspaper is to read. However measuring the readability is very time consuming, especially if a good number of results are to be taken to provide conclusive evidence of the readability of a newspaper. However there are many things which can be done to do this. For discreet data it is possible to measure either the number of letters in a word, the number of words in a sentence, how many sentences in a paragraph. ...read more.

Middle

By finding the amount of pages that the three categories amount o it is then possible find the amount of a certain category contributes to the newspaper. Collecting, Processing & Representing Data The method in which I have collected my discrete data is random. I took a calculator to give me random numbers, using a random number generator. The number was used to define from which day, from which page, from which paragraph, from which sentence and the word number within the sentence. For example, the number 315041022. The first number defines the day, 3, from 1-5 for Monday to Friday. The next two numbers define upon what page the sample is taken from, 15, this would mean that the sample is taken from page 15. The next two digits are for the paragraphs, 04, the paragraphs then followed by the word number also two digits. This is followed by the last two numbers defining the word within the sentence. The categories have been stratified so that it is possible to compare the papers overall just using these three categotries . I have also not taken any results from the Front Page of the three newspapers and will not take results from the television & radio guide. I will not be taking result from the front page as the front page mainly contains advertisements, pictures and titles. ...read more.

Conclusion

I have used the mean as in my results there are no rouge results which would drastically effect the mean. From the results by using the mean I can show that the "Tabloid", "Daily Mail" has a lower complexity for readability. The words on average are shorter and the newspaper contains a far higher percentage of images on a page than the "Times" or "Independent", both "Broadsheets", has. This does not surprise me as it is what I predicted. Shown below is the average using the mean of all three newspapers. Average Length Of Word Using The Mean World News Home News Sport Overall Times 7.34286 6.88571 6.50000 6.910 Independent 6.96667 6.50000 6.67500 6.714 Mail 5.36667 5.20000 4.75000 5.106 It is possible to see that the two "Broadsheets" are very similar, which is to be expected, however as I have mentioned above there is a difference between of almost two letters. For a method in which it was possible to see the difference in the dispersion of the word length of the newspapers I took the cumulative frequency graphs and took the inter-quartile range. The results of this can be seen below. Firstly the three papers will be compared for World News. I will then continue with the Home News and Finally the Sport section from the three papers. I have then taken all three sections which can be done as I have used a stratified sample and place the three newspapers into graph for overall word length across the papers as well. ...read more.

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