• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 1827

The tragic story of Kitty Genovese, the young New Yorker, who was murdered in 1964, encouraged psychologists to investigate helping behaviour and altruism.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

image00.png

Pyschology Coursework

 Helping Behaviour

Contents

Background Research

The tragic story of Kitty Genovese, the young New Yorker, who was murdered in 1964, encouraged psychologists to investigate helping behaviour and altruism. Many witnesses heard or observed the ordeal, which lasted for more than half hour, yet not even one of them attempted to intervene and save the woman’s life let alone contact the police. Psychologists were baffled by this incident.

In 1969, Piliavin et al conducted an experiment regarding helping behaviour received by different types of victims by having models collapse in subway trains under three different conditions, these being a drunken, lame and injured model. Additionally, the race of the model was manipulated.

When the model had:

  • A walking cane, help occurred quickly and more frequently
  • A bottle and smelt of alcohol, help occurred slowly and less frequently
  • Fake blood dribbling from their mouth, help occurred frequently.
  • The same coloured skin as the bystanders around them, more help was offered.

It discovered was that the appearance and type of victim significantly affected the type of help received.  The investigation demonstrated that bystanders tended to help people who are more similar to them, for example, a non-drunk person who is of the same race as them. How about gender?

...read more.

Middle

High St North

4

4

4

3

High St North

6

6

6

4

High St North

5

4

4

3

High St North

8

3

3

2

Market Area

2

6

1

5

Market Area

3

6

2

4

Market Area

4

3

1

2

Market Area

2

3

1

2

Quadrant

4

4

1

3

Quadrant

10

3

1

2

Quadrant

-

3

0

3

Quadrant

6

2

1

1

Car park

-

4

2

2

Car park

-

1

0

1

Number of people who helped: 13

Number of people who didn’t help: 39

Number of situations in which people helped the model: 11

Total number of scenarios: 14

Quickest time that help was provided: 2 seconds

Longest time before help was provided: 10 seconds

Average response time: 4.9 seconds

Female confederate is helped 11/14 times

image07.png

Graphs illustrating the results found using the female model along High Street North, Market Area and a Shopping Centre in Dunstable, Bedfordshire.

image08.pngimage09.pngimage10.png

Results Table- Raw Data

Male Model Victim

Location

Time till 1st

...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore can I be sure that my results are reliable?

Evaluation        

  • The model victims used in the experiment were white, students both from Dunstable. The findings from the experiment is not representative of the whole population since… unlike pigaet who used diff coloured persons
  • The experiment took place in different areas of Dunstable, a small town, bystanders may have seen the student from beforehand carrying out the same procedure…may not have helped
  • The experiment took place during one summer afternoon…is this representative of what occurs at other times? The sample- opportunistic- not representative
  • Ethical issues: consent, debriefing, protection of participants
  • Picking up dropped items- can’t generalise to other situations where help is required- e.g. asking someone for the time or as in kitty genovese- protection against a murderer.
  • Good ecological validity
  • In order to check the reliability- would be good to repeat this investigation

Further Investigations of interest

Effect of race on whether not help is received

Other situations where help is needed, e.g., asking for the time, and whether or not bystanders would intervene in a stimulated attack, however the ethical issues involved with this would need to be thoroughly considered.

References:

image04.png

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Height and Weight of Pupils and other Mayfield High School investigations section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Height and Weight of Pupils and other Mayfield High School investigations essays

  1. A hypothesis is the outline of the idea/ideas which I will be testing and ...

    Mayfield High School (SAMPLE) IQ Level Tally Frequency (f) Mid-point (x) fx 80?w<90 III 3 85 255 90?w<100 IIIII 5 95 475 100?w<110 IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII 19 105 1995 110?w<120 I 1 115 115 120?w<130 II 2 125 0 TOTAL 30 2840 Mean can be calculated using this formulae shown below: ?fx Divided by ?f =

  2. The purpose of this research paper is to present our findings on how the ...

    The information on the CXC examinations were entered into Microsoft Excel where percentages were calculated to determine what percentage of persons taking the examinations were males and what percentage were females. The information was also used to calculate what percentage of persons who took the examinations and passed were males and what percentage were females.

  1. Investigating Gender Differences in Helping.

    then those in the low empathy condition were more likely to stay - even more likely than those in the high empathy condition. However, it is possible that people who help in such situations do so to avoid punishment, such as social disapproval that could arise as a result of not helping.

  2. Is race and intelligence a justifiable area of research in psychology?

    This provided information on demographics, education, occupations and IQ scores on youths throughout America. Hernstein and Murray found that higher IQ scores positively correlated with a better grade of education and higher pay. However did they approach the investigation with a scientifically objective stance?

  1. Find out whether the 'new man' exists and if the gender roles are equally ...

    Some sociologists argue that families have come closer to gender equality. It is been said that the household chores are more equal nowadays. Some sociologist suggest that the family is still the same as men have the most power, even though some women have a full time employment women still do the majority of the housework.

  2. I believe that women are less threatening and more polite in conversation with members ...

    Therefore I intend to mark on my transcripts when the speaker is shouting or stressing a word. I have chosen to base my investigation around the research provided by Deborah Tannen to observe if men and women's speech is reflective of the rapport and report styles she conceived.

  1. 'Binary Opposites' - gender roles in contemporary film and music - a discussion: The ...

    They have moved on a lot in comparison to the older films and yet in contemporary films it is not as noticeable as we live in a more liberated time for women yet the 'film business still is pre-dated in comparison' to the position of women within the maintenance of

  2. College Story

    In college a day without at least ten random visitors is considered boring. At home, family was the only people living inside the house. In college the entire floor becomes family. The phone is the link of communication between friends in high school; e-mail becomes a second language in college.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work