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• Level: GCSE
• Subject: Maths
• Word count: 1465

# This is an investigation to compare the average length of words from two different newspapers, i.e. The Guardian and The Sun. One newspaper has to be a broadsheet and the other has to be a tabloid.

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Introduction

Introduction This is an investigation to compare the average length of words from two different newspapers, i.e. The Guardian and The Sun. One newspaper has to be a broadsheet and the other has to be a tabloid. Aim 1 This is to find out which midweek newspapers have longer average word lengths and the age range the particular newspaper is aimed at. To find the reading age of the newspaper I will be following this formula: - Flesch Reading Ease score Rates text on a 100-point scale; the higher the score, the easier it is to understand the document. For most standard documents, aim for a score of approximately 60 to 70. The formula for the Flesch Reading Ease score is: 206.835 - (1.015 x ASL) - (84.6 x ASW) Where: ASL = average sentence length (the number of words divided by the number of sentences) ASW = average number of syllables per word (the number of syllables divided by the number of words) Hypothesis I will be using The Guardian (Broadsheet) and The Sun (Tabloid). I believe that the guardian will be set at more intellectual readers and that the words will be much larger than those of The Sun. The guardian is a much larger paper and The Sun seems to be less in depth. ...read more.

Middle

48 62 59 33 21 23 10 12 14 6 5 1 0 0 1 This table shows the lengths of 300 words from The Guardian. The range is 15. The median is 4. The mean is 5. The mode is 3. Total number of letters = 1458 For the standard deviation I will be using the same formula as above: (5x1�)+(48x2�)+(62x3�)+(59x4�)+(33x5�)+(21x6�)+(23x7�)+(10x8�)+(12x9�)+(14x10�)+(6x11�)+(5x12�)+(1x13�)+(1x16�) / 300 - 25 = 6 V6 = 2.4 Standard deviation is 2. This is a graph showing the word length of the same article as The Sun but in the Guardian. You can see there are more larger length words than in the previous chart. The reading age for this would be; 206.835 - (1.015 x 27) - ( 84.6 x 1.63) = 41.53 27 = 300/11 1.63 = 489/300 41.53 is a low score which means that is for a much older audience than the sun. Comparison The documents used in both investigations is about the war in Iraq. From the information displayed above and what is about to be in a table underneath, shows that The Guardian is for a more intellectual audience. Sun Guardian Sun or Guardian Range 12 15 G Mean 7 3 S Mode 3 3 D Median 4 4 D Total letters 1438 1458 G Reading age 97.39 41.53 G Standard Deviation 2 2 D This table shows that The Guardian is a more intellectual newspaper ...read more.

Conclusion

The standard deviation is: (9x1�)+(45x2�)+(53x3�)+(57x4�)+(35x5�)+(26x6�)+(27x7�)+(23x8�)+(15x9�)+(5x10�)+(1x11�)+(1x12�) / 300 -25 = 2.2 V2.2 = 1.4 Standard deviation is 1. Comparison News of the World The Sunday Times World or Times Range 11 12 T Mean 5 5 D Mode 3 2 W Median 4 4 D Total letters 1416 1371 W Reading age 51.175 40.178 T Standard deviation 1 2 W This table shows that the News Of The World is for more intellectual people. I was wrong in my theory. There are different circumstances that could have made the results end up the way they are. The stories used can be different and because they are from the beginning of the story some of them could be more of an introduction then an in depth review. Overall Conclusion The statistics shown above show many varying results. Now I am going to do a final comparison to see which newspaper is for older and more intellectual people, using all four of the samples: The Sun Guardian News of the World The Sunday Times Sun, Guardian, Times, World Range 12 15 11 12 G Mean 7 3 5 5 S Mode 3 3 3 2 S,G,W Median 4 4 4 4 D Total letters 1438 1458 1416 1371 G Reading age 97.39 41.53 51.175 40.178 T Standard deviation 2 2 1 2 W Overall the most intellectually challenging newspaper is The Guardian. The table shows that the newspapers are the same in some ways but they can differ a lot. Sean Toohey 11Tr Page 1 of 8 ...read more.

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