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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 3077

This piece of coursework will attempt to access the different lengths of words, from passages of 100 words, in tabloid and broadsheet newspapers.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

INTRODUCTION This piece of coursework will attempt to access the different lengths of words, from passages of 100 words, in tabloid and broadsheet newspapers. HYPOTHESIS I predict that the lengths of words in a tabloid newspaper are shorter than the length of words in a broadsheet newspaper. The reason being that tabloids are usually ; * Read by working class people with less education * They are write about less serious issues than broadsheets * They are read for entertainment The words in broadsheets may possibly be of a longer length than those in tabloids because; * They usually discuss more serious issues * They are usually read by educated, middle class people * People often read them for work, for example economists to see how the stock market is doing. PRELIMANRY DISCUSSION In order to test the hypothesis accurately two articles shall be chosen from the following tabloids and broadsheets; TABLOIDS * The Sun * The Daily Star BROADSHEETS * The Guardian * The Times In order to control the experiment the articles chosen from the tabloid will correspond with the articles chosen from the broadsheet. For example, both the Sun and the Times articles will be about war, whilst the Daily Star and the Guardian articles will be about the topic of football. This is because if an article about finance is compared with an article about beauty, it is more than likely due to the nature of the topic that the article about finance will contain a longer length of words. The types of broadsheets and tabloids were chosen at random, to prevent researcher bias. Realistically, more than four articles would provide a more valid experiment however due to constraints such as high cost of further research under a small budget, and the time it would take to pursue further research, only 4 articles shall be used in the experiment. ...read more.

Middle

6 8 71 7 15 86 8 2 88 9 10 98 10 2 100 For cumulative frequency graph see appendix 2. STAR Word length Frequency Cumulative Frequency 1 3 3 2 14 17 3 26 43 4 22 65 5 9 74 6 7 81 7 7 88 8 3 91 9 3 94 10 2 96 11 4 100 For cumulative frequency graph see appendix 3. GUARDIAN Word length Frequency Cumulative frequency 1 1 1 2 20 21 3 15 36 4 15 51 5 10 61 6 7 68 7 10 78 8 9 87 9 3 90 10 5 95 11 3 98 12 0 98 13 1 99 14 1 100 For cumulative frequency graph see appendix 4. For combined tabloid and broadsheet cumulative frequency graph see appendix 5. From analysing the various cumulative frequency graphs it can be seen that In order to further test the hypothesis ' that words are of a longer length in broadsheets than tabloids', I am going to do the 'FOGG's' test of readability. This will access the reading age of each article and a conclusion will be came to in relation to word length and the reading age of the material. If the hypotheses proves to be correct, the reading age in the broadsheets should be higher than the reading age in the tabloids. FOGG's TEST OF READABALITY Method of steps; 1. Take any sample of 100 words in complete sentences. 2. Count the number of sentences by counting the full stops, if the last full sentence stops short of the 100th word, count only the full sentences for this stage. 3. Count the number of words with three or more syllables. Omit capitalised words such as names. 4. Divide the number of sentences into 100, answer = x 5. Add the number of words with more than three syllables to your answer, ie. ...read more.

Conclusion

are more difficult to understand, it is may be possible to state that 'tabloids have a shorter length of words than broadsheets, however this is not conclusive. In response to questions four and five, 9/10 people believed that tabloids were read primarily for leisure and broadsheets for mostly intellectual knowledge, 6/10. This may be interpreted that because tabloids are only read for intellectual knowledge they may contain a shorter length of words than broadsheet, which are primarily read for intellectual knowledge, however this is also not conclusive. CONCLUSION In conclusion this piece of coursework has gone to extensive measures in order to test the hypothesis, " The length of words in tabloids are shorter than the length of words in broadsheets". The lengths of the words, in the four articles, have all been tallied and no positive correlation was found of the length of the words being shorter in tabloids and so the mean, median, mode and range was also found. The results from the latter were quite contradictory and so the cumulative frequency was found. In order to increase the validity of the research, FOGG's test of readability found that in general the broadsheets contain material of a higher reading age than the tabloids, with perhaps the conclusion been drawn that therefore the length of words in tabloids are shorter than the length of those in broadsheets. The questionnaire when analysed came to conclude in all cases that possibly the hypothesis was correct. However there is need for much more research to be done if an accurate assessment of the hypothesis summarised. Because of time restriction and cost constraints it is not possible for me to do this however. I have enjoyed doing this coursework and have learnt a lot about the field of scientific and mathematic research. I feel it will be useful information for me to have in the future. ...read more.

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