• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using Tai Po as a case study, is clustering move evident in an older of newer shopping area?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Li Po Chun Geography Field Investigation Using Tai Po as a case study, is clustering move evident in an older of newer shopping area? Introduction: Shopping is the prime leisure activity for residents here in Hong Kong, a city of life where virtually every type of commodity can be purchased in you know where to look. So why are some retail outlets of the same category very clustered while others appear dispersed? Does this pattern really exist and is it more likely to occur in old or new shopping areas? The aim of this geography field investigation is to compare the distribution of selected retail types in two contrasting commercial areas in Hong Kong. This information is useful in finding patterns of distribution within the two areas and will give us an idea of the degree of clustering through the use of the NNI (Nearest Neighbor Index). Research Question The aim of this investigation will be to answer the following question: Using Tai Po as a case study, is clustering move evident in an older of newer shopping area? ...read more.

Middle

Shopping centers tend have a high degree of clustering and also a large range of retail types. This is because an indoor shopping mall such as Tai Po Mega Mall will likely be zoned according to retail types for the benefit of customers and also for management. For example, a certain floor in the center may be designated for a certain retail type (such as food). This leads to more competition as shops of similar retail types group can together for maximum profit. Shopping centers also tend to have a wider range of retail types as this attracts the large trade area needed for specialized retail types. In comparison, older districts have less clustering as shops tend to sell low order goods. Since this has a smaller profit turnover, shops in such areas tend to face less competition compared to newer shopping districts. Since shops in older districts tend to be well established with a loyal customer base, there is little room for similar retail types in close proximity, leading to less clustering. ...read more.

Conclusion

If the nearest neighbor happens to be on a different level (such as in the mall), the walking distance to the nearest escalator will be taken plus an additional 10 meters for going up. Once the raw data is collected, the mean distance for each retail type and the area of both regions shall be calculated and substituted into the NNI (Nearest Neighbor Index) for analysis. The NNI measures spatial dispersions of points (such as settlements) in a given area. These points are said to be either clustered or randomly / regularly dispersed. Clustered Random Dispersion Regular Dispersion The NNI Index is calculated as follows: 2D ? N A Key: N = Number of points A = Sampling area D = Mean between each point and its nearest neighbor This is calculated by finding (?d)/N where d = each individual distance. NNI values can be compared with the computer generated values to categorize the spatial dispersion: If the NNI is: ~0 = Clustered ~1 = Random >2 = Regular ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Fencing Problem section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Fencing Problem essays

  1. Geography Investigation: Residential Areas

    I would expect people to will want to leave the area due to pollution, lack of green space, high crime rates and the poor quality of housing we expect to find in the inner city. I will also find out what type of housing is found in this area -

  2. Biological Individual Investigation What Effects Have Management Had On Grasses In Rushey Plain, Epping ...

    I then chose a site well away from any paths in order to negate the effects of trampling, which left only a natural process to affect the plant height. Plants produce energy by photosynthesis. This is completed via a series of chemical reactions (Figure 3), which simplify to become: Water

  1. Regeneration has had a positive impact on the Sutton Harbour area - its environment, ...

    They built the lock, which now meant that the harbour was accessible by boat 24 hours a day, whereas before it was just at high tide. There were now also many disused warehouses and derelict land areas that had massive potential to change the area around.

  2. Difference in Japans Two Biggest Regions: Kanto and Kansai

    During the Edo period when agriculture was the strongest part of the economy, this gave the rulers of the Kanto Plain far more wealth and power than any other feudal lords." (Stanley & Irving, n.d., para. 1). The region consists of Gunma prefecture, Tochigi prefecture, Ibaraki prefecture, Saitama prefecture, Tokyo Metropolis, Chiba prefecture, and Kanagawa prefecture.

  1. Maths Coursework - Cables: For this assignment I have been requested to study a ...

    We can substitute this value of the angle into our previous formula for the arc length (x): Arc length (x) = (angle/360) x (?d) Angle = 120 Substitute: (x) = (120/360) x (?d) = 1/3 ?d So the thread length going around the thread = 3x +3y = 3(1/3 ?d)

  2. Geography Coursework in North Kensington.

    Urban areas of this type, which originated with the expansion of industrial development along the main route ways out of the city (Hoyt Sector Model), are frequently afflicted by social deprivation, unacceptable levels of unemployment, crime and pollution. Sometimes these problems are aggravated by a tendency for the area to

  1. Quality of life in Leicester.

    There were no nice views or trees to look out onto, as there was a lot of littering. These areas soon became very run down and many people left. This then caused problems of no money coming into the local authorities so they then rented out many of the flats to the local university.

  2. The funding requirements for Hallamore - Report for Steelville City Council.

    targets up to the national average and hence improve the social and economic vibrancy of the area. Table 1.1 Funding Funder Objective/Aim Timescale How to apply Suggested Fit Single Pot via RDA Department of Trade and Industry Targets South Yorkshire.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work