• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is gentrification?

Extracts from this document...


What is gentrification?

Gentrification of an area usually occurs with at first a "pioneer group" of lower-income professionals (eg teachers and social workers) moving into an inner-city area to search for cheap Victorian/Edwardian properties to renovate.

The process by which some run-down areas of cities become transformed when middle and high-class professionals move in. It is another way of describing a way of improving the inner city, but cannot be planned. It occurs when market forces and changing fashions affect people.

It occurs in several important stages everywhere:

  1. A 'pioneer group' moves in first. These people are low income professionals and they move into an area for cheap house prices. As in London docklands, house renovation was also needed which these people could afford. They tend to be young and although they have no children, want to be near the city centre for improved access to their jobs.
  2. This group will start to improve the environmental and building quality because they want to live in an attractive area. Group specific services started to flourish in docklands (e.g. wine bars, delicatessens)
...read more.


2) Attractive older housing. This is important because it is often an important 'pull' factor for people because if they cannot afford attractive older housing where they live currently, they will look elsewhere for it. People who are willing to move will do it because it will improve their standard of living. In general, people will not move to an area with bad housing because it will be an unpleasant place to live.

3) Proximity to good transport links. This is also important since when people move away from an area which is very close to their place of work, to a more distant location, they would still want to get to work easily. If transport links are nearby it will minimize any extra and unnecessary commuting time

The factors which prevent gentrification:

1) High crime rate. Crime rate is very important as a factor to deter gentrification because people do not want to move from an area in which they are safe, to one where they might suffer muggings or burglaries. People also view crime rate as an indicator to show the quality of atmosphere of the area and as an indicator to see how deprived and area is.


...read more.


Physical changes also accompany gentrification. Older buildings are rehabilitated and new construction occurs. Public improvements — to streets, parks, and infrastructure — may accompany government revitalization efforts or occur as new residents organize to demand public services. As a result new arrivals often demand to improve the district and may change standards through their own guidelines, historic preservation legislation and use of laws.  

The social, economic, and physical impacts of gentrification often result in serious political conflict, worsened by differences in race, class, and culture. Earlier residents may feel tormented, ignored, and excluded from their own communities. Therefore new arrivals are bombarded with accusations that their efforts to improve local culture are taken as hostile and even racist.

Change — in fortunes, in populations, in the physical fabric of communities — is an abiding feature of urban life. But change nearly always involves winners and losers, and low-income people are rarely the winners. The effects of gentrification vary widely with the particular local circumstances. Residents, community development corporations, and city governments across the country are struggling to manage these inevitable changes to create a win-win situation for everyone involved.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Fencing Problem section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Fencing Problem essays

  1. Regeneration of the London Docklands

    The land use has changed in the Docklands from been derelict; it has now become drastically improved. The overall physical view of the area has improved. 100,000 trees have been planted in the Docklands area. This has been mixed with the careful design and placement of buildings around the Docklands.

  2. Geography Investigation: Residential Areas

    The 'internal questionnaire' only flaw that I found was that people simply were not taking the time to fill it out for me. When people had filled it out and I collected it, the data I gained was extremely useful and has been used throughout my enquiry.

  1. topshell populations

    wouldn't allow the algae to settle on the rocks depriving the monodonta lineata of good areas to graze on. At the exposed site I think there are a number of specific abiotic factors that will specifically make it hard for any topshell to live there.

  2. The Canoe Race

    Apart from the prevailing current, which flows parallel to the shore at a speed of 2ms-1, there are no other currents, no driving rain, no huge waves and no winds. The current has to have a direction, therefore, the prevailing current flows parallel to the shore at a speed of about 2 ms-1from left to right.

  1. Regeneration has had a positive impact on the Sutton Harbour area - its environment, ...

    A substantial asset to the area came in the form of the National Marine Aquarium, at a cost of �12 million the Harbour started to bring in the important visitors and tourists, which in turn led to the rise in the economy.

  2. Maths Coursework - Cables: For this assignment I have been requested to study a ...

    useful; throughout it the company can work out exactly how much thread they need for any 'square' size by simply replacing (n) with the number of the number they want in the square sequence. From the above information we can see that it not an easy job to actually find

  1. Evalaute the Success of the Regeneration of London Docklands. Which Groups Have Benefited, Which ...

    This change to the areas character has caused confrontation. In the surrounding areas the stereo typical terrace housing remains along with the poorer community, they see these changes enviously and many of the jobs taken by new comers should have been theirs.

  2. "Evaluate the success of the economic, social and physical regeneration of The London Docklands."

    Counter urbanisation was happening to the area, over 20% had moved out. The communication network was poor, no rail links existed, roads were few and narrow, and public transport was little. Local residents were deprived of both leisure facilities and basics like schools and hospitals; they were not even given

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work