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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 3949

Write a hypothesis about the length of words in newspapers and magazines.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1.0 Brief Suresh is comparing magazines and newspapers. He chooses a passage from one newspaper and one magazine. They each contain 100 words and he counts the lengths of all the words. Suresh then says that the magazine has the shortest words. * Write a hypothesis about the length of words in newspapers and magazines. * Design and carry out an investigation to test your hypothesis. Investigate Further. 2.0 Introduction It has been stated from Suresh's previous study of comparing magazines and newspapers, that magazines have the shortest written words. In order to test this theory, two specific publications have been selected in order to prove this statement as false. In order for this to occur, It would be my expected opinion that a so-called 'higher standard' of publication would produce longer words in an article in comparison to 'lower standard' publication. To test this theory, the two publications that have been chosen are the Hello magazine and The News of the World. The 'Hello' magazine is currently the International magazine of the year. It has become highly popular on the coffee tables of hairdressers or with the aspiring housewife. Features include high society parties and exclusive celebrity wedding coverage. Hello is seen as a luxury publication that is sold on a weekly basis. In contrast, 'The News of the World' is a high selling Sunday tabloid newspaper. The publication has become extremely popular with undercover reporting on celebrity scandal and kiss and tell stories. The paper would be mainly aimed at the middle - lower classes with manual or semi-manual professions. Different publications aim at different target markets and are written to suit these preferences. We could suggest that both the selected magazine and tabloid are a light read in comparison to more descriptive broadsheet papers and specialist magazines. However, I believe that tabloid papers wording would be less profound and therefore more easily understood in relation to a high quality magazine. ...read more.

Middle

16 5+15+23+16 59 5 9 5+15+23+16+9 68 6 7 5+15+23+16+9+7 75 7 4 5+15+23+16+9+7+4 79 8 8 5+15+23+16+9+7+4+8 87 9 9 5+15+23+16+9+7+4+8+9 96 10 3 5+15+23+16+9+7+4+8+9+3 99 13 1 5+15+23+16+9+7+4+8+9+3+1 100 (*) - The Median can be found within this section The mean measurement takes into account every item of data collected and produces the average. The mean number of letters in a word for 'Hello' magazine is calculated; (1x4) + (2x7) + (3x17) + (4x14) + (5x17) + (6x13) + (7x7) + (8x5) + (9x5) + (10x1) + (13x1) 100 = 4.56 mean The mean number of letters in a word for the NOWT is calculated; (1x5) + (2x15) + (3x23) + (4x16) + (5x9) + (6x7) + (7x4) + (8x8) + (9x9) + (10x3) + (13x1) 100 = 4.71 mean We can state that on average 'Hello' magazine uses 4.56 LPW whilst the mean average for the NOTW is 4.71. Therefore, NOTW averages a slightly higher frequency of letters per word. The modal number is the value that occurs most frequently. As previously discussed, the modal numbers are 2, 3 and 5 with 17 LPW. In comparison, the modal number for the NOTW is 3 with 23 LPW. This data represents that the modal number for the NOTW is higher, although 'Hello' magazine has three modal numbers in comparison which includes the same modal number as NOTW plus a higher LPW modal number of 5. The median is the middle value of the set of data. From the data set of 100 the median is represented by the value of 50. From table 1.6 and 1.7 we can see that the median is represented by 4 LPW for both publications. From this data we can not state that either publications have a higher or lower median value. 5.# Frequency Polygon and Cumulative Frequency Analysis From grouping the collected data, we can assume an even spread of data within each group in comparison to the previous analysis. ...read more.

Conclusion

Represents the Cumulative Frequency for the NOTW newspaper Number Of words Frequency Cumulative Frequency Cumulative Frequency Total 1 22 22 22 2 29 22+29 51 3 25 22+29+25 76 4 17 22+29+25+17 93 5 23 22+29+25+17+23 116 6 12 22+29+25+17+23+12 128 7 7 22+29+25+17+23+12+7 135 8 8 22+29+25+17+23+12+7+8 143 9 8 22+29+25+17+23+12+7+8+8 151 10 20 22+29+25+17+23+12+7+8+8+20 171 11 33 22+29+25+17+23+12+7+8+8+20+33 204 12 25 22+29+25+17+23+12+7+8+8+20+33+25 229 13 41 22+29+25+17+23+12+7+8+8+20+33+25+41 270 The mean measurement takes into account every item of data collected and produces the average. The mean number of letters in a word for 'Hello' magazine is calculated; (1x23) + (2x26) + (3x38) + (4x31) + (5x19) + (6x32) + (7x35) + (8x32) + (9x17) + (10x17) + (11x28) + (12x24) + (13x27) 13 = 182.4 mean The mean number of letters in a word for the 'NOTW' tabloid newspaper is calculated; (1x23) + (2x26) + (3x38) + (4x31) + (5x19) + (6x32) + (7x35) + (8x32) + (9x17) + (10x17) + (11x28) + (12x24) + (13x27) 13 = 153.2 mean We can state that on average 'Hello' magazine uses 182.4 WPS whilst the mean average for the NOTW is 153.2. Therefore, the NOTW has a lower frequency of words per sentence. The modal number is the value that occurs most frequently. As previously discussed, the modal numbers are 6 and 8 with 32 WPS. In comparison, the modal number for the NOTW are 3 and 12 with 25 WPS and also 8 and 9 with 8 WPS. This data represents The median is the middle value of the set of data. From the data set of 349 the median is represented by the value of 174.5. From the table ?.? and ?.? we can see that the median is represented by 7 WPS for both publications. In comparison the data set from the NOTW is 270 and is represented by the value of 135. ?.? Conclusions and Recommendations 1 Two hyphenated words were found in both articles of each publication and have been counted as two separate words. Read All About It by - Joanne Morgan - 1 - ...read more.

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