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"Asses the view that the shared culture of journalists effect the selection and presentation of news."

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"Asses the view that the shared culture of journalists effect the selection and presentation of news." News is formed through a selective process which is controlled by media professionals such as journalists correspondents and editors. Agenda setting, a theory created by Stephen Lukes, sees how journalistrs select news that is projected through the media. Agenda setting also sees bias in the media, which is most commenly dominated in the political broadcasts. The Glasgow university media group agree with the use of agenda setting in the media and use it in their research. When looking at a political strike story the Glasgow Univercity media group saw how the workers were presented in a negative view point. The journalists and broadcasters emphasied the effects of the strikes to the public as very negative and projected the workers as being an annoyance. The Glasgow University Media Group also argue that journalists and broadcasters claim that certain items have "news value" and assume that the audiences see and interpret the world in the same way. ...read more.


The theory of news values was created by Galtung and Ruge, they see that news stories have to meet a certain criteria in order to produce a successful newspaper or news bulletin. Galtung and Ruge see balance as important because maintaining the balance between international and national, heavy and light e.t.c, is very significant in constructing the news. Also personalities is a criteria. In politics, the person is more important than the policy, according to the "News Values" theory. The Glasgow University Media Group do not agree with this theory. They state that "media do not express the complexity of the situation to the general public, they merely present the issue in terms of two warring sides and the effects on the public." They continue to state that, "The vocabulary in broadcasted news is biased against specific groups and this bias structure consumes perspectives." Pluralists also criticise this theory. They argue that more criteria's are in today's media then there was in 1973 when Galtung and Ruge made their "News Values Table." ...read more.


Primary definition reflects this theory as it sees the powerful controlling the mass media. Primary Definition suggests that alternate viewpoints may make it into the media but will be confined within the agenda set by the powerful. Media professionals that effect the media like journalists and editors have a big influence in the portrayal of news stories. Journalists' bias views on issues within the media can influence a viewpoint in a story. This links to the Agenda Setting theory. Gate Keeping is where the editors influence the content of the news. They have to work to deadlines and limited space in news bulletins and newspapers. The concept of Gate Keeping is that, editors, "open gates for some stories while closing the gates for others." News Values is also important. Editors must balance the news so that it appeals to a wide variety of audiences. In news selection, the News Values theory is very important as criteria's must be met to make up a newspaper or news bulletin. Overall, I believe that the editors and journalists influence the selection, make-up and presentation of the news in a variety of media forms such as, television, newspapers and radio. ...read more.

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