• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Asses the view that the shared culture of journalists effect the selection and presentation of news."

Extracts from this document...


"Asses the view that the shared culture of journalists effect the selection and presentation of news." News is formed through a selective process which is controlled by media professionals such as journalists correspondents and editors. Agenda setting, a theory created by Stephen Lukes, sees how journalistrs select news that is projected through the media. Agenda setting also sees bias in the media, which is most commenly dominated in the political broadcasts. The Glasgow university media group agree with the use of agenda setting in the media and use it in their research. When looking at a political strike story the Glasgow Univercity media group saw how the workers were presented in a negative view point. The journalists and broadcasters emphasied the effects of the strikes to the public as very negative and projected the workers as being an annoyance. The Glasgow University Media Group also argue that journalists and broadcasters claim that certain items have "news value" and assume that the audiences see and interpret the world in the same way. ...read more.


The theory of news values was created by Galtung and Ruge, they see that news stories have to meet a certain criteria in order to produce a successful newspaper or news bulletin. Galtung and Ruge see balance as important because maintaining the balance between international and national, heavy and light e.t.c, is very significant in constructing the news. Also personalities is a criteria. In politics, the person is more important than the policy, according to the "News Values" theory. The Glasgow University Media Group do not agree with this theory. They state that "media do not express the complexity of the situation to the general public, they merely present the issue in terms of two warring sides and the effects on the public." They continue to state that, "The vocabulary in broadcasted news is biased against specific groups and this bias structure consumes perspectives." Pluralists also criticise this theory. They argue that more criteria's are in today's media then there was in 1973 when Galtung and Ruge made their "News Values Table." ...read more.


Primary definition reflects this theory as it sees the powerful controlling the mass media. Primary Definition suggests that alternate viewpoints may make it into the media but will be confined within the agenda set by the powerful. Media professionals that effect the media like journalists and editors have a big influence in the portrayal of news stories. Journalists' bias views on issues within the media can influence a viewpoint in a story. This links to the Agenda Setting theory. Gate Keeping is where the editors influence the content of the news. They have to work to deadlines and limited space in news bulletins and newspapers. The concept of Gate Keeping is that, editors, "open gates for some stories while closing the gates for others." News Values is also important. Editors must balance the news so that it appeals to a wide variety of audiences. In news selection, the News Values theory is very important as criteria's must be met to make up a newspaper or news bulletin. Overall, I believe that the editors and journalists influence the selection, make-up and presentation of the news in a variety of media forms such as, television, newspapers and radio. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Narrative section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Narrative essays

  1. Discuss the way in which 'Neighbours' by Tim Winton and 'Stolen Car' by Archie ...

    The newly-weds whom are unacquainted with the old strategies of life find that their contemporary lifestyles are extremely different to those of their neighbours. As the story progresses, the couple find that even the most different combinations of people find that their values and attitudes are some what similar.

  2. What are news values and why are they important in constructing news? What are ...

    it has had repercussions, for example the recent New York Twin Towers situation. Or perhaps, events occur that are slightly related to a previous story, e.g. the fact that the driver of the car in which Princess Diana was killed had still not regained consciousness.

  1. An Assessment of Bias and Objectivity in the News Media

    Schudson takes this one step further, and maintains that objectivity is the ideal that actually legitimises the journalistic profession.17 Hence any news organisation that provides information on public affairs must be impartial when reporting - otherwise it is probable that it would be perceived as a dereliction of their duty as a reporter.

  2. Nick Hornby is the author of both novels Fever Pitch and About a Boy. ...

    She ends up dancing in the street and jumping up and down with joy. This is another positive message. Although, men can sometimes act boisterous when they go to football, they do have another side to them that is caring and lovable.

  1. The mass media has played a major role in structuring public perceptions of crime ...

    The hypothesis that I developed from this was, The mass media has played a major role in structuring public perceptions of crime and deviance. I will be using Primary sources to collect my research.

  2. Most news is predictable

    Strangely now though John snow comes up with a total injured count of 700, how did he get that some I don't know but it's because none of the hospitals can give out the proper number of patients they are looking after and most definitely the number will rise.

  1. "Newspapers may appear to be run by professional managers and journalists but, in reality, ...

    This suggests that the newspaper industry is a process itself - the article being made by a journalist should pass to the expected content to avoid the hazard of reputation damage. However, bias is consciously introduced by proletariats since their main focus in on the public interest while media practitioners unconsciously do this.

  2. Look at the screened news bulletin extracts and produce a detailed analysis of them

    It is also meaningful to the audience, as there is a symbolic relevance to us because 'ordinary people' like ourselves have been killed in a terrorist attack. "Showing the personal side of public events may be the most effective way to make people understand the impact of those events.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work