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GCSE: Audience and Production Analysis
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The sound is then sent to the TV's loudspeaker. The picture signal is split into three separate colour signals; red, blue and green. If you look closely at a television screen you can see that the picture is made up of lots of horizontal lines. These lines are made up of tiny dots which glow red, blue or green. Your eye has three types of detectors - called cones - that react to these colours differently. There's a red cone that likes red light, a green cone that likes green light and a blue cone that likes blue light.
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Leaflets are cheap to produce and distribute but on the other hand they are also easy to ignore. Local newspapers advertise to the local area which is good for the business so that it reaches the targeted audience.
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In this project I will be looking at how media coverage differs in the football leagues- from the Premiership to Division 1. I will mostly be looking at two types of media, newspapers and T.V but also some radio.
Man united have so much media coverage that famous players such as David Beckham have every important event in their life covered. For example, the recent arrival of Romeo Beckham had cameras and reporters from every T. V. channel and large newspaper waiting outside the hospital where Romeo was born. I have no objections to this as being a piece of media however I do not class it as being a piece of sporting media, yet it was found in the spots section of the newspaper.
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This also builds up emotion because you feel for Marion when she is lying dead on the floor. In the beginning of the shower scene Marion gets undressed before she enters the shower. Norman has seen Marion earlier that day and finds her very attractive and sexy so he decides to spy on Marion through a small secret spy hole in the wall. Marion is unaware that she is being spied on. When Marion is in the shower naked Hitchcock influenced other directors to show nudity in their films because it attracts the audience because in those days people felt very strong on the issue of nudity.
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One sociologist who picks out patriarchy as a main factor in this is, Sylvia Walby. In 1990 her work 'Theorizing Patriarchy', she presented her views on the definition of Patriarchy and how without it there may not stand to be gender inequality. She divided her view of patriarchy into 6 small areas paid work, patriarchal relations within the household, patriarchal culture, sexuality, male violence towards women and the state. Each of the structures has some independence from the others however they can effect eachother.
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This makes the action be almost comic book in style, because you are seeing not linear movement, but what is almost a series of stills or very quick movements. However, in the Endicott scene, everything is very linear and slow moving in comparison. The scene overall is quite light and pleasant, especially out the front of Endicott's house and in his greenhouse. This pleasant outlook is often in stark contrast to what is being said. What I did next is to watch the scene through several times without sound, to try and pick up the purely visual points in the scene.
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Law & European Studies What role do the mass media play in the political process in constitutional democracies? Is this to be welcomed?
There is no denying that the mass media are everywhere. With over one billion television sets and two-and-a-half portable radios in the world, how could it be otherwise? Wars are fought on television as well as on the ground. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's attempts to influence world opinion during the Persian Gulf War were clumsy and crude, patting the heads of the children of Western "guests," inviting inspection of a bombed-out "milk" factory. But his calculated efforts in the middle of a shooting war underscored the critical role of the mass media in today's information-driven world.
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People also believe Courtney cox Arquette and Gwyneth parltrow as extremely thin. Also when Marylin Monroe was around 50 years ago she was also very slim but unlike Jodie kidd she was healthy, skinny but not anorexic and she was a celebrity not a model. Women still looked up to her as she was voted sexiest women, which gave young girls the impression that to be like her they to had to be thin, and it was the norm for every teenage girl to look like her.
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The first of the five needs are the cognitive needs for acquiring information, knowledge and understanding. These are fulfilled by news reports and informative transmissions. These transmissions could be anything from newsflashes on the radio to extensive documentary series on the television. These needs are what most of the mass media fulfills. The second set of needs is the affective needs. These are the needs for emotional and aesthetic experience, love and friendship and the desire to see beautiful things. These needs are only partly fulfilled by the mass media.
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In this essay I am going to look at two non-fiction sources of media that are biased, one of the media is a newspaper article about the Craig and Bentley case and the other source of media is the film Let him have it
Derek Bentley had the mental age of a ten-year-old. Leaving this particular information out was very important. If the journalist had put this information in to the article then the reader may have felt a little bit of sympathy towards Derek Bentley and may have understood that a ten year old is incapable of such a horrific act as inciting someone to murder. A gun was not fired until twenty minuets after Derek Bentley had said "Let him have it" This information was also left out of the Article, which makes it seem biased because the reader would then automatically think that when Derek Bentley said "Let him have it" He meant give him the gun.
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For this reason writers cannot just write criticism and publish it. To avoid any type of conflict writers often base their novels or stories in a futuristic point of view to criticize actual society yet doing so indirectly. We can see this in "The Chrysalids" as the author criticizes two aspects of mankind: discrimination and our fear towards change and evolution. Discrimination is seen all throughout the novel as the norms take action against all deviations, human or inanimate, as small as they could be. "'If anyone were to find out, they'd - they'd be terribly unkind to her...'
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a anti-hero from the quotation we can see that he depends on others ideas and orders: 'You go' said Sham to me 'And make sure you come back' In the example from the book we can see that he follows others ideas and does not make a fuss to go against what other characters are ordering him to do. The second quality of a anti-hero is that they are easily swayed and indecisive when important issues erupt spontaneously yet another trait Fly Pie has to be the anti-hero of this story.
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Although these studies do produce some firm evidence that the British press may be racist, recent developments have made them appear somewhat dated. Recently, mainly since the Stephen Lawrence case (perhaps the most pivotal case ever in race relations) and the police admitting racism does occur within the police force people have argued that editors of certain tabloids have swayed to presenting blacks in a more favourable light than that of the 1970s when the studies took place. For example the death of Daminola Taylor received mass media coverage being on the front cover of every major newspaper.
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The same applies with the heading "And the wind cries out the names of the fallen at ground zero" which is similarly used to captivate the articles subject in a brief summary. Both of these devices are commonly used due to there effectiveness of making the reader take notice of the article. The two above mentioned devices are also important factors in why a reader will buy one newspaper over another, the most attention seeking image and title will attract a wider range of people to the article.
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"We are now aware of news and situations thousands of miles away, all due to e-communications making such awareness almost instantaneous in the 21st Century. Rapid transfers and e-communications have greatly intensified global diffusion of information." (Anthony Giddens Sociology 1995) Society today loves stories produced by mass media; sudden death, scandal, and happy endings enter our lives on a daily basis. Society today puts pressure on newspapers to deliver stories that interest them, and if a paper cannot produce this, they face losing readers to opposing newspapers.
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This case study will be analysing television news coverage for 11/9/01 and 11/9/02 and newspaper coverage for the same dates
Some even used photographs on the back cover, which is usually meant for sport. Use of the images were very effective, as they were dramatic photographs showing the realisation of what had happened. "The Mirror" did not use an image of the towers on the front cover, which was unusual. Instead, it used a small image of the president of the USA, and the word "war" dominating the rest of the page. This was very effective as all the other newspapers looked the same, and this one stood out from them all, yet still had an impact from the word "war".
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Comment on the article written by Mariella Frostrup, do you think that she has written a well structured argument? Explain your answer
The article is written informally, it is easy to read and cuts to the chase. Frostrup does not tread carefully when talking about sex or television channels, unlike many reporters she dives straight in, perfectly okay with saying 'Channel 4 gives us endless sex docs dressed up as reportage.' At the beginning of the article, she uses her boldness to create an image of a perverse country where all that is shown on television are sex documentaries and shock horror programs.
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So, even though several political groups and tabloid press used he idea that noone was safe from the serial murder, that the prostitutes were helpless victims of this crime: it is not what they really thought, it was a link between the public's morbid curiosity and the press' and political groups exploitation of the murders. The horrid nature of these murders was what set it apart as a serial case. Polly Nicholls, on Friday 31st August 1888, had been killed by a stab wound to her throat: however, afterwards, when examined there were multiple wounds and deep cuts to her abdomen.
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A vision stays in a persons mind if it invokes emotion, without persuasion you will not invoke emotion. To sit on the fence regarding an issue or controversy is not stirring, it is monotonous. People enjoy debate and they like to see justice done, if you have no stand then there is no justice to be done. Reporters take a stance on one side or the other, there is always an underlying tone in their voice or a tendency to sympathize one way or the other. So then how does television shape our perceptions of the world? We see what television stations want us to see, and we feel how they want us to feel, not because they tell us but because they colour it in a way that we have to.
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Psycho. There are many other techniques in which you can manipulate suspense and terror in a film other than with music or sounds. One of the techniques that Hitchcock used (and used well) was the use of the camera.
For example, in the shower scene the camera angles are changed to show different views of Marion. From in front, and from behind her. Then you can see the silhouette of 'Mother'. The tension at the moment is very high because all you can hear is the diagetic sounds of the shower. It is at this point that you realise, fear is in what you can't see, not in what you can see. Also close up or full-faced shots of people can make you feel intimidated. Other techniques he used that showed different things. He used a 'Red Herring' at the beginning of the film that manipulated you into thinking the film was mainly about the money.
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In the 1950s a local paper was a must-read and local and regional newspapers were very popular. Then in the late 1980s things went wrong and sales plummeted. Some titles folded. In 1981 there were 915 weekly paid-for titles which sold 9.7 million copies a week. In ten years, by 1991, there were only 448 titles selling just 6.7 million copies a week. The industry had nearly halved and people were losing their jobs. Only the free newspapers were doing well. The industry had to discover why the newspaper sales were declining. There was competition from hobbies.
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This enables the reader to have background knowledge about her without it having to be added into the rest of the article. The article seems to be structured as a normal run through the day. At the beginning Susan Sarandon seems like a quite ordinary mother whereas the work she does for Unicef shows her day is a far cry from ordinary life. The various angles from which the article is written show the reader all the different sides to her life.
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I personal would say the newspaper had done what the reader's require because of the fact that reader would rather want to know the whole side of the story then what they already know about sharks do. They don't want to know how the writer feels about the story at all. They just want to know the fact.
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How can you get the full story about a country from a book? There are no moving pictures and sounds and your imaginations has to do all of the work whereas if you watch a TV show you can get all of the information you can in a book from one screenshot. There is a famous saying that goes "one picture speaks one thousand words" so if one picture says one thousand words them then one minute of TV must say one million words.
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time to think, to get some frequent exorcise, to get out of the house and of course over one hundred pounds a month is probably the main reason why I carry on delivering Papers. When I get back home it is usually about eight O' Clock the thought that many of my friends get up at this time angers me because I have to be out of my house before seven O' Clock when they continue to sleep for an other hour.
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