• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Consider and evaluate how Hitchcock used "pure film" to shock the original audience of "Psycho"

Extracts from this document...


"It wasn't a message that stirred the audience, nor was it a great performance... They were aroused by pure film"- Alfred Hitchcock, 1962. Consider and evaluate how Hitchcock used "pure film" to shock the original audience of "Psycho". "Psycho" is a psychological thriller, which at the time shocked the world. Such a film had never been witnessed before on screen. It revolutionised the film industry and has now influenced many of the modern day thrillers. When Hitchcock filmed "Psycho" he made it to be "pure film". It was the way in which he created "Psycho" which had such an impact. Filming techniques such as camera shots and angles were applied to produce this particular affect. Hitchcock also used sounds including music in order to get this certain impact on the audience. The director later published an autobiography in 1961 explaining his interpretation. Hitchcock wanted to construct a "pure film" by focusing on every single detail through emphasis from editing and camera movement. Censorship regulations were very strict at the time, and Hitchcock had to bypass these rules to get "Psycho" on the big screen. These strict guidelines limited a lot of the features used in all of the modern day films. These included scenes of toilets, any violence, and any mild sexual references. Hitchcock had a huge problem, as this would prevent him from showing the film he had intended. ...read more.


This foreshadows later events and the fact that they all have shadows also enforces the sense of duality regarding Bates. All of these devices that Hitchcock has cleverly introduced into the scene such as camera shots and angles, mis-en-scene and position effectively displays the different personalities in the scene. The different meanings have been successfully layered through the various techniques. The audience identifies these by the several different views of the camera. The sounds also help to build up tension as any wrong moves are illustrated through sudden accents in the soft music which mimicking Bates as he plans his next savage murder. The Shower scene is said to be one of the most iconic pieces of work in the film industry. Containing fifty-four cuts in just two minutes, which are mainly extreme close-ups of the murder, many claim it is the most "frightening scenes in cinematic history". Hitchcock applies a combination of close shots and medium shots quickly in a short amount of time to make the audience believe the sequence longer. This also helps it appear more violent and subjective. One of the techniques that Hitchcock uses is the way he assembles the mis-en-scene and how the environment is presented. The juxtaposition of the dark parlour scene and the light bathroom scene shows the differences between Norman and Marion. ...read more.


Many other directors have also produced similar performances from The Simpsons Cape Feare and even a sequel of "Psycho". I personally do not believe that his psychological thriller had an amazing performance but I can definitely see why it has influenced so many other productions around the world. No one before had ever seen anything like "Psycho" in his or her life, which is why it had such an impact. He was able to make it an effective film because he was directing and producing at the same time. This meant he could use all his techniques to create "pure film" and overcome the censorship policies while promoting his movie just to have that extra shock when the audience saw it. I do believe that Hitchcock can be known as "the master of suspense". He has shown this through not only "Psycho", but also other famous psychological thrillers which he has directed for instance North by North West and Vertigo. He uses "layers of suspense" where different meanings are entwined to add tension and finally surprise the viewer, as they are stunned when finding out the truth. The audience of the time showed through their positive response that Hitchcock deserved this title. His status as a director and publisher went up and he was seen as one of the most effective film creators in the world. Hitchcock received a huge praise when he introduced such a startling film which nothing else could compete with. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Audience and Production Analysis section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Audience and Production Analysis essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Analyse an advertisement and discuss the imagery it contains. Evaluate the success of the ...

    4 star(s)

    'Very fun' expresses a sense of fun and due to the picture it should give ideas of sex. This says that this product is for people who like to have fun. 'Very you' tells the target audience that it is for you and this is what drags in the buyers.

  2. Evaluate the success of the dramatic conflict in "Abigail's Party" by Mike Leigh

    During this, CHNKWKS \�����TEXTTEXTXGFDPPFDPPJFDPCFDPCLSTSHSTSHN(STSHSTSH(N\SYIDSYID"NSGP SGP �NINK INK �NBTEPPLC NBTECPLC �NFONTFONT�N<STRSPLC O:PRNTWNPRFO� FRAMFRAM6Z�TITLTITL3/4Z:DOP DOP �Zy very demanding, not even bothering to ask Lawr Rachel Davies Evaluate the success of the dramatic conflict in Abigail s Party by Mike Leigh Abigail s Party by Mike Leigh, is a black comedy.

  1. Jaws - Throughout the film the director has used various media devices in order ...

    The audience now believe that it is this girl who is going to be attacked, because of the fact that she is sitting away from the group. She is also framed off centre, this is a common media convention and creates unease in the audience due to the human nature of liking things to be symmetrical.

  2. Analyse the methods used to make the opening battle sequence of Saving Private Ryan ...

    How do you focus and keep aware of what is happening? The camera is tilted at most parts in this scene to provide disorientation to the audience just as the soldiers' perspective would have been. The chaos of war is perfectly presented here by Spielberg.

  1. Alfred Hitchcocks Creation Of Tension In Psycho And The Birds

    The film starts in this way to show the normality of the whole atmosphere is as if there is something waiting to go wrong. Hitchcock knew how to play with people's minds. At the start of the film the audience is made to think that the film is of a

  2. How are good and evil characters presented in The Fellowship of the Ring?

    While the camera swoops and swerves over the orcs of Isengard destroying nature, deep, thundering music is played. However, as the camera pans around, a small ,flying creature flutters in the screen, and suddenly the music transforms to a much more calm, uplifting mood, with soft, heavenly choirs singing in the background.

  1. How does the director of Mission Impossible 2 build intrigue and establish genre in ...

    John Woo uses strongly emphasized colour imagery throughout ?Mission Impossible 2?. In the scene set in the fictional ?Biocyte pharmaceuticals? strong green and blue lighting is used. The blue has connotations of sterility and medicine.

  2. How well does the film &amp;quot;GLORY&amp;quot; portray black people during the American Civil ...

    Clip 7 First Mission To begin with the use of a wide shot to include all the men is used the show of their new uniform which shows a high amount of achievement as they are now all one. That is all there is in that clip that portrays black

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work