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How does the media portray football hooliganism?

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How does the media portray football hooliganism? Hooligan: a young ruffian, associated with yob-like behavior. The public's opinion of this stereotypical image of rampant football fans has been strengthened by the media with the use of news reports, documentaries, and newspaper articles, but is it important how these are presented to the public? Macentyre investigates (a documentary in which John Macentyre explores the lives of football hooligans) and The Daily Star's presentation of Eric Cantona's reaction to racial taunts by a fan are two clear examples of media which have both been carefully orchestrated to strongly influence the opinion of the public, and show that there is more to football than 22 players kicking a ball around a field. The still image of Cantona hurdling a barrier has been deliberately edited to have a forceful impact on the opinion of the reader. Cantona's aggression, determination and skill are displayed to the reader in this photograph due to the fact that the editor has kept the advertising barrier in the shot. It proves that Cantona's adrenaline must have been running high in order for him to jump over such a large barrier and kick somebody in the chest. ...read more.


But it is also likely that the photographer would not of had time to calculate the shot of this spontaneous act of hooliganism, and so would of hurriedly pointed his/her camera in the direction of the incident and taken the photo. Although the still image is in black and white, this contrast provides enough colour to influence the impression that the photograph creates. The picture is lighter at the bottom and fades into black at the top. The attention of the reader is drawn to the large letters at the bottom of the picture and the large no.7 on Cantona's back, sharpening the focus on Cantona. As admitted by a self confessed hooligan in the Macentyre video, the more experienced hooligans hide at the back of the back of the stands and stay protected, while the newer hooligans are vulnerable at the front. Because the photograph is darker at the top, it appears that the experienced hooligans seem to be hiding under the cover of darkness and getting away with abusing Cantona, while the louder, inexperienced hooligans continually abuse Cantona and draw the attention of the target. ...read more.


to the reader what the word is because the 'S' remains and the 'i' is replaced by an exclamation mark, which is an inverted i. The phrase has been deliberately engineered to have a double meaning; if the question mark is removed, it refers directly to Cantona as a shit. When it is left in, the phrase questions Cantona's actions. The semantic field of war is clearly present throughout the documentary. When arranging the fights, the hooligans refer to their associates as 'their army' and 'soldiers'. Similar to a war, the people in the video are shown equipping themselves with weapons, such as guns and knives. This shows how serious the hooligans are, and the lengths they are prepared to go to when they reach the terraces. The entire video seems to be like a war; it is known where the two sides will meet, both sides are prejudice because of where the other comes from and they are all prepared to kill. The Macentyre documentary and The Daily Star's presentation of the Cantona incident are different types of media, but with careful editing they both give out the same message to the viewing public about football hooliganism. ...read more.

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