• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does the media portray football hooliganism?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How does the media portray football hooliganism? Hooligan: a young ruffian, associated with yob-like behavior. The public's opinion of this stereotypical image of rampant football fans has been strengthened by the media with the use of news reports, documentaries, and newspaper articles, but is it important how these are presented to the public? Macentyre investigates (a documentary in which John Macentyre explores the lives of football hooligans) and The Daily Star's presentation of Eric Cantona's reaction to racial taunts by a fan are two clear examples of media which have both been carefully orchestrated to strongly influence the opinion of the public, and show that there is more to football than 22 players kicking a ball around a field. The still image of Cantona hurdling a barrier has been deliberately edited to have a forceful impact on the opinion of the reader. Cantona's aggression, determination and skill are displayed to the reader in this photograph due to the fact that the editor has kept the advertising barrier in the shot. It proves that Cantona's adrenaline must have been running high in order for him to jump over such a large barrier and kick somebody in the chest. ...read more.

Middle

But it is also likely that the photographer would not of had time to calculate the shot of this spontaneous act of hooliganism, and so would of hurriedly pointed his/her camera in the direction of the incident and taken the photo. Although the still image is in black and white, this contrast provides enough colour to influence the impression that the photograph creates. The picture is lighter at the bottom and fades into black at the top. The attention of the reader is drawn to the large letters at the bottom of the picture and the large no.7 on Cantona's back, sharpening the focus on Cantona. As admitted by a self confessed hooligan in the Macentyre video, the more experienced hooligans hide at the back of the back of the stands and stay protected, while the newer hooligans are vulnerable at the front. Because the photograph is darker at the top, it appears that the experienced hooligans seem to be hiding under the cover of darkness and getting away with abusing Cantona, while the louder, inexperienced hooligans continually abuse Cantona and draw the attention of the target. ...read more.

Conclusion

to the reader what the word is because the 'S' remains and the 'i' is replaced by an exclamation mark, which is an inverted i. The phrase has been deliberately engineered to have a double meaning; if the question mark is removed, it refers directly to Cantona as a shit. When it is left in, the phrase questions Cantona's actions. The semantic field of war is clearly present throughout the documentary. When arranging the fights, the hooligans refer to their associates as 'their army' and 'soldiers'. Similar to a war, the people in the video are shown equipping themselves with weapons, such as guns and knives. This shows how serious the hooligans are, and the lengths they are prepared to go to when they reach the terraces. The entire video seems to be like a war; it is known where the two sides will meet, both sides are prejudice because of where the other comes from and they are all prepared to kill. The Macentyre documentary and The Daily Star's presentation of the Cantona incident are different types of media, but with careful editing they both give out the same message to the viewing public about football hooliganism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Audience and Production Analysis section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Audience and Production Analysis essays

  1. The lyrical, slow-moving opening sequence is a dazzling combination of cinematography, music and hallucinatory ...

    George A. Custer and Gen. George S. Patton). The idiosyncratic, unflinching, war-loving Kilgore places signature cards ("death cards") over the bodies of the civilian (or VC) dead: "Let's Charlie know who did this." A soldier announces on a loudspeaker to the stunned Vietnamese: "We are here to help you."

  2. The Photograph never lies - do you agree

    Does the camera ever lie? If we look once again at a scene from a sporting event. The Rugby world cup final is an excellent example for it holds so much emotion, on the one hand we see England ecstatic in victory, pictures of laughter and tears (for we can easily associate tears as a far boundary of happiness).

  1. Are ethnic minorities still marginalised in Contemporary media?

    Moscovici, an American researcher believes the have-nots, economically disadvantaged people, outsiders and the oppressed change society and not the ruling elites. In the western world, ethnic people are in the minority. Media construct meaning about the world they represent and in doing so, help audiences to make sense of it.

  2. In this project I will be looking at how media coverage differs in the ...

    (Beckham and Paul Scholes) Suspicion aroused when he pulled out Scholes but then proceeded to pick him for the next match. This would have probably put some youngsters off. So newspaper coverage of top clubs is good in some cases but bad in others.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work