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John Keane (1991) suggested,

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Introduction

John Keane (1991) suggested, " power and influence are shifting away from elected national governments towards un-elected supernational bodies." Discuss this statement with reference to at least one multi-national organisation. In this essay, I firstly intend to define the terms 'power' and 'influence', in relation to those who are in 'power' and 'influencing', and those who are subject to this power and are being influenced; examine the relationship between media and the government with reference to the BBC, and media conglomerates; the Broadcasting Act of 1990 will be examined to understand the governments intentions as to what power they hold over media conglomerates; globalisation of media industries with a close look at News Corporation; lastly, I will examine a possible framework for media ownership regulation, and examine what the government would have to do to stop too much ownership. "Power is not the property of, say, a ruling class; power is a strategic terrain, the site of an unequal relationship between the powerful and the powerless; 'where there is power, there is resistance'." (Foucault.M, Introduction to Cultural Theory. (Pg 97)) As Foucault says, power is a two-way relationship yet one side of the relationship is the dominant and the other the inferior. ...read more.

Middle

- Germany companies * Channel7 * Major Australian Press interests * - Australia companies * Harper Collins * Delphi On-line Internet* - USA/UK companies. (List compiled in Media student's Book. Pg. 276) News International in England is responsible for The Sun, The News of the World and the Times newspaper group. The Sun is the most successful newspaper in England and because of its huge readership (over 4million) it can help support other members of the News Corporation group. An example of this is, the troubles that the Times newspaper is having. The Sun's capital helps the paper to carry on although; it only helps so that it can keep readers from going to a different newspaper. "We must always be concerned if one organisation has a very large slice of the market and therefore has the potential to exert some control on how the market operates." (Branston. G, Stafford. R, The Media Students Handbook Pg. 282) How much power and influence News Corporation has over its audience is something that proves impossible to read or judge. However, the corporation is not shy about letting its opinions be known to its readers. ...read more.

Conclusion

John Keane doesn't actually make the suggestion that, there is a shifting process, the quote, is in fact; "Some analysts and commentators are concerned about developments as they fear that power and influence are shifting away from elected national governments towards un-elected supernational bodies." (John Keane. Media and Democracy 1991.) These analysts and commentators are in fact looking at what is going on at the moment between the two bodies and then fearing the outcome. To fear this shift, makes it believable that the shift cannot be a good thing due to how much power the un-elected supernational bodies will have. Yet, with everything that has been examined in this essay, nowhere is there proof that the media companies do in fact influence us, they may have power of deciding what we see or hear. It would be very important to complete a piece of research examining how much power the media companies have, and then if possible comparing it with the government's power. To do this a referendum might be needed, but again, it is of general opinion that the government are quite stable and it is the media companies that can't decide which way they are going. ...read more.

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