• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12

Relationship between media exposure and desensitisation to violence

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Relationship between media exposure and desensitisation to violence ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to construct a questionnaire, which will assess the relationship between media exposure and desensitisation to violence. The design employed for this study was a correlational survey using single blind conditions. There were 22 respondents to the questionnaire who were asked to fill in the given questionnaire (see appendix). I used an opportunity sample, which was the students of South Cheshire College. The research was also conducted in the college. The questionnaire tested for two conditions 1. The amount of television watched and 2. The sensitivity to violence rating. The alternate hypothesis was rejected using a speraman's rho statistical test, which showed there was no correlation between the amount of television watched and person sensitivity to violence. My conclusion for this study is that there is no relationship between the amount of television watched by a person and their sensitivity to violence. 147 Words INTRODUCTION Surveys are a common way and means of collecting data for analysis. They have the advantage of providing a wealth of data at a little cost in terms of time and expense. They also provide access to data, which is not available through direct observation of behaviour. The general area of study that I will design my survey for will be the relationship between media exposure and desensitisation to violence. Psychologists explain the effects of television violence on aggressive behaviour in terms of arousal, disinhibition, imitation, and desensitisation. The observation that levels of aggression are increasing is blamed on the fact that there is more violence on television. ...read more.

Middle

Some examples of the questions I asked are: - Do you think that there is too much violence on the television? (Excluding the news) Yes No Why do you think this is? ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ What do you think of television programmes such as 'Bad Girls' or 'The Bill' regarding the amount of television violence shown? The above question was asked as a closed-ended question with a number of possible statements to chose from. It may help to include some filler questions in my questionnaire. By doing this I was able to mislead the respondent from the main purpose of the survey. It also helps to have some easy, non-threatening questions, which will help the respondent relax. An example of a filler question that I used is: - What are your hobbies? ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ This type of question can be asked either as a closed or open-ended question and will help the respondent feel like the researcher has an interest in his or her other pursuits. Co-variables The co-variables in my investigation are the lack of sensitivity towards violence and the amount of television watched (exposure). Ethical issues The ethical issues that I needed to deal with were avoided by gaining informed consent from the participants thus eliminating all deception and distress. It was important to keep the confidentiality of the participant and give the option to withhold data. It was also vital that the participants were debriefed. Participants I carried out the research myself on my target population. My target population was males and females between the ages of 16 and 20. To do this I used an opportunity sample, selecting students from South Cheshire College, as they were readily available to me. ...read more.

Conclusion

Anderson et al. (1986) found that the amount of hours spent watching television starts to level off at the age of seventeen and as 95% of my participants were older than seventeen they may already know what type of programmes they like to watch and already know if they are already desensitised to violence shown on television. There were many limitations to my experiment. The questionnaire that I designed had not been thought out well enough as it was difficult to try and rate an individuals sensitivity to violence. The rating scheme was not ideal as it resulted in many sets of tied ranks which is not the best situation to carry out the statistical test that I chose which was a Spearman's Rho. As I chose to use an opportunity sample, which had cost and time advantages, it was not representative as a whole. It is very likely that a large majority of the respondents watched the same types of programmes not making my sample ecologically valid. I also feel that if my questionnaire had contained more questions to assess the respondent's sensitivity towards violence I would have met my hypothesis. With a greater range of questions and a well thought of rating scale then I think that my investigation would have been successful. If I were to carry out further research in this field I would try and use a different sample more representative of the public. I would also like to see if there is a difference in genders due to the varied television viewing between the sexes. Conclusion The amount of television watched by and individual has no significant relationship to their sensitivity towards violence. Peoples sensitivity score is generally the same regardless of the amount of television viewed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Audience and Production Analysis section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Audience and Production Analysis essays

  1. Free essay

    Advertisement comparative report.

    Guinness In the Guinness advert I would say that it is more focusing on males instead of females, the reason I would say this is because when you see that advert you mostly see men not women. And most of the shots that they use you mainly see males not

  2. Violence in movies, television, and music is deeply affecting the minds of teenagers. There ...

    Michael Carneal, a student at Paducah High School, saw this movie and did the exact same thing in real life. When interviewed by reporters, he said, "1It was like I was in a dream, and I woke up..."(Joo-Lee). Michael Carneal probably thought it would be a great experience if he went on this shooting rampage.

  1. Compare the way cultural difference is represented in two films (East is East and ...

    These character changes, from both films, ultimately show us that dramatic and traumatic events in one's life can change their aspect on the world around them no matter what culture you are. Also, the older white police officer goes through a change of character.

  2. In which ways do media representations construct our identities? Discuss using theories encountered on ...

    Most television adverts such as 'Carte Dor' (Channel 5) and 'Persil' (ITV) adverts use white people to advertise their products and when other ethnic groups are used in adverts they are usually negatively represented, for example a black lady is used in an 'Herbal Essence' (ITV)

  1. CRITICALLY ASSESS DEBATES ON 'MEDIA EFFECTS'

    However, these studies alone are not sufficient evidence that media violence causes aggression. According to Grossberg (1998:301) 'it might be that people inclined to act violently are more likely to watch television violence, and so it is their predisposition

  2. Women in Soap Operas

    This represents Stacey as a caring and understanding daughter, when it comes to family. She is not afraid to be with her mentally ill mother who can be a cause for concern and frightening. When Sean and Stacey go home, there is low-key lighting also, to show a sense of foreboding.

  1. Media Languages and Categories

    Scar's clever mind games were able to convince Shenzi, Banzai and Ed as they were cunningly tricked. Until this point, the audience will be surprised as they felt that Scar would not pay the price for his crafty and ingenious tricks.

  2. Examining and discussing the quotation from Sontag's latest book Regarding the Pain of others ...

    more power in presence over the television in its ability to connect to the audience. This is reiterated in her book (2003) for in the book Sontag "seeks to understand the peculiar attraction exercised on the viewer by the still image of intolerable acts of war" (Jadine, Times, 2003).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work