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Taking the analysis of a newspaper story as your starting point, consider the ways in which time influences news English.

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Question 1 Taking the analysis of a newspaper story as your starting point, consider the ways in which time influences news English. This essay will analyse a newspaper article whilst examining how time affects news English. It is vital for news articles to be about current, topical news and journalists are always trying to get the first scoop on a story. When they have a story the next important task is to put the story into print or broadcast the story. With current technological developments such as the internet the time between an event happening and the news reaching the public is very short. To achieve this quick turnaround journalists tend to use English in a specific time saving manner. This essay will examine how time is expressed through different levels of language structure and how the pressure of time affects the language used. The first part of a news article that a reader notices is the headline. The headline needs to attract the readers' attention and for this purpose it tends to be an abstract of the main story. As Bell posits, the headline is an abstract of the lead sentence which summarises the story (p.12 course book). ...read more.


Further information is then given to the reader regarding his brain damage and his disabilities in paragraphs 2 and 13 (marked as p2 and p13 respectively on the Appendix A). The background to the story can be found in paragraphs 2, 12 and 13 and it is quite possible that the boy's birth would have been a news story in its own right (p.13 course book). The commentary encompasses the journalist's observations on the present day event which consumes most of the article, giving the reader an insight into what the compensation will provide for the boy and what personal achievements he has attained recently. The commentary links up with Labov's Evaluation theory which establishes why the story is being told and justifies the telling of the story (p.10 course book). The follow-up is then found in the final paragraph where the NHS Trust says that they will be making a statement of apology to the family. This method of concluding a story by looking to the future is quite standard in newspaper articles. This follow-up links to Labov's Resolution theory whereby the beginning of a story is everything and the ending is nothing (p.10 course book). ...read more.


Television broadcasters prefer to use conversational, accurate and clear language with fairly straightforward constructions. Broadcasters need to bear in mind that, with the BBC World Service in particular, people for whom English is a second language may also be listening. One of the main reasons for this style of writing may be due to the time pressures placed on a journalist whilst writing a story. One vital element of news stories is the recency of a story. A story can be regarded as newsworthy if it has happened within the last 24 hours and also if it is an unexpected or unusual story. A journalist is always working towards a deadline and within a news cycle. A journalist feels a sense of pride and achievement if he can produce an unusual or unexpected story just in time to reach the deadline. Nowadays it is not just a matter of being up to date and providing recent news, journalists now try to provide news which is immediate and taking place at the present time. Journalists now pride themselves on being the first to produce a story. A good journalist is not regarded as one whose literary skills are excellent but one who gets the story first. Due to technological developments there are many example nowadays of live reporting on air. ...read more.

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