• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What have been the main changes to British print media during the twentieth century and how do you account for them?

Extracts from this document...


6. What have been the main changes to British print media during the twentieth century and how do you account for them? Throughout the twentieth century there were many significant changes and advancements in the British print media. The changes in both print and broadcast media and indicative of changes in society itself. As society grew and changed throughout the century, these media mirrored such events. This was also the beginning of photojournalism, not only in Britain but in Europe and the US, with picture magazines such as Picture Post, Life and Vu being as popular as the documentary newsreels shown in cinemas. Thomas Hopkinson, along with Stefan Lorant, established the Picture Post in 1938. Over the next few years Hopkinson, who became editor in 1940, developed into a pioneer of the new field of photojournalism. Hopkinson used the Picture Post to crusade against the persecution of Jews. In the journal published on November 26, 1938, he ran a picture story entitled "Back to the Middle Ages". Photographs of Adolf Hitler, Joseph Goebbels, Herman Goering and Julius Steicher were contrasted with the faces of some of those scientists, writers and actors they were persecuting. This is possibly one of the most powerful examples of photographs used for political effect. ...read more.


The Mirror was the first morning daily picture paper. Henry Hamilton Fyfe also experimented with using different types of photographs on the front-page. On April 2, 1904, the Daily Mirror published a whole page of pictures of Edward VII and his children, Henry, Albert and Mary. This was a great success and Harmsworth now realised the British public had an intense interest in photographs of the Royal Family. In August 1905, the Daily Mirror began to pioneer the idea of the "exclusive". The first example was the "exclusive" interview with Lord Minto, the new Viceroy of India. This approach was popular and later that year the circulation of the Daily Mirror had reached 350,000. Despite the success of the Daily Mirror, Alfred Harmsworth was more interested in his other newspapers, The Times and the Daily Mail. In January 1914 he sold the newspaper to his brother, Harold Harmsworth, now Lord Rothermere. During the First World War, the Daily Mirror became the most popular newspaper on the Western Front. The soldiers particularly liked the fact that the newspaper included so many pictures of life back home. The Daily Mirror also published pictures of the war, the most dramatic example of which was probably the German daylight air raid over London in 1917. Lord Rothermere sold his shares in the Daily Mirror in 1931. ...read more.


with a list of non-negotiable demands. On 24th January 1986 some 6000 British Trade Unionists went on strike after months of protracted negotiation with their employers, News International and Times Group Newspapers. The company management was seeking a legally binding agreement at their new plant in Wapping, which incorporated flexible working, a no-strike clause, new technology and the abandonment of the closed shop. Immediately after the strike was announced, all those taking part in the industrial action were dismissed. The company replaced the workforce and transferred its four major titles, the Times, the Sunday Times, the Sun and the News of the World, to the Wapping plant. In support of their dismissed members, the print unions organised regular marches and demonstrations at the company's premises. They also called for a boycott of the four newspapers involved. As the dispute gathered momentum a large-scale police operation was launched to ensure the Wapping plant could operate effectively. In 1987 the strike finally collapsed. With it the restrictive trade union practices associated with the traditional Fleet Street publishing empires also collapsed and the Trade Union movement in Britain was irrevocably changed. So, it is clear that there have been many significant changes to British print media throughout the twentieth century. These have occurred under the extreme circumstances of war, political revolution and technological expansion and have had noteworthy ramifications for modern society. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Audience and Production Analysis section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Audience and Production Analysis essays

  1. Media Studies Suporting Account For Fitness Magazine

    The case study I had chosen to provide as my research is from the magazine 'UltraFit'. This is because unlike the other 2 magazines, this magazine has an image of both genders, male and female. On the 'Fitness', magazine, the image given only had a female on the front which indicated that it is mainly aimed for women.

  2. For this essay I have chosen to examine the domestic and international media coverage ...

    suggests that the pseudonym "Foxy Knoxy" has been invented by the media and that Knox has been a victim of slander and mischaracterization. It also implies a certain vindictiveness on the part of the Italian courts, suggesting that they've punished Knox for her alleged behaviour as "Foxy Knoxy" rather than for any involvement in the murder of Kercher.

  1. Compare the representation of Britishness in the Metro Notting Hill Carnival article, the clip ...

    the Notting Hill film clip has the same age as a target audience which is from the age of 18 and over. There are not really that many similarities, but there are plenty of differences, like for example they all have a different background to each other.

  2. Documentry Photography

    The code of clothing of Thi Kim Phuc shows the height of mental devastation. There are quite a lot of similarities and differences between the two images. Some of the common things which both the images share are the dust and ash all over.

  1. Evaluate the success of the dramatic conflict in "Abigail's Party" by Mike Leigh

    Beverly is tactless and insensitive; she appears obsessed with the need to control those around her. For example, when Sue arrives at the party, she wants a sherry, which is stereotypically a middle class drink. Beverly clearly doesn t have any sherry, so she persuades Sue into having a gin and tonic.

  2. practical production supporting account

    Our main aim is to attract the younger audience such as the older high school students and college students including university students and young adults. We had given out questionnaire and we found out that the genres preferred by most 15-16 year olds are horror, comedy and romance and girls

  1. Analysing the Times newspapers

    audience no just newspaper but also coloured magazine to entertain its target audience. The introduction of htt://timesonline.co.uk as allowed people not just to buy the newspaper on the shops but they can see news update from then internet as well.

  2. Advertising Campaign Comparison

    It is completely an Emotional Selling Protocol based campaign with limited text and appropriate accompanying visuals that make this campaign effective. Absolute Ad Campaign: - Absolute World Advertising Agency: TBWA, Berlin, Germany? Creative Director: Stefan Schmidt? Art Directors / Copywriters: Frederick Kober, Djamila Rabenstein? Illustrator: Jue Zhang?Account Director: Richard Breaux?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work