Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12

who is 2 blame

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

By definition, all media texts are re-presentations of reality. This means that they are intentionally composed, lit, written, framed, cropped, captioned, branded, targeted and censored by their producers, and that they are entirely artificial versions of the reality we perceive around us. When studying the media it is vital to remember this - every media form, from a home video to a glossy magazine, is a representation of someone's concept of existence, codified into a series of signs and symbols which can be read by an audience. However, it is important to note that without the media, our perception of reality would be very limited, and that we, as an audience, need these artificial texts to mediate our view of the world, in other words we need the media to make sense of reality. Therefore representation is a fluid, two-way process: producers position a text somewhere in relation to reality and audiences assess a text on its relationship to reality. Extension/Restriction of Experience of Reality By giving audiences information, media texts extend experience of reality. Every time you see a wildlife documentary, or read about political events in a country on the other side of the world, or watch a movie about a historical event, you extend your experience of life on this planet. However, because the producers of the media text have selected the information we receive, then our experience is restricted: we only see selected highlights of the lifestyle of the creatures portrayed in the wildlife documentary, the editors and journalists decree which aspects of the news events we will read about, and the movie producers telescope events and personalities to fit into their parameters. Truth or Lies? Media representations - and the extent to which we accept them - are a very political issue, as the influence the media exerts has a major impact on the way we view the world. ...read more.

Middle

It will probably be of no use to you in your essays. HINT: Why not develop your own ideas on this topic? After gender and ethnicity, age is the most obvious category under which we file people, and there are a whole range of judgements which go along with our categorisation. We quickly deem other people too old, or too young, or criticise them for being immature or fuddy duddy. We criticise mature women for going about as mutton dressed as lamb, and young girls for tarting themselves up as jail bait. Film stars who start to show signs of aging in their forties are swooped on with cries of horror by gossip columnists ("Movie star gets wrinkles... and her tits start to sag" shocker!!) while those who succumb to the surgeon's knife are written about with equal distaste ("Movie star can't raise eyebrows and her tit's DON't sag" equal shocker!!!). Thanks to the media, we appear to live in an age obsessed world: a world obsessed with youth and its attendant beauty. Old people are often subject to the most rigid stereotypes of all (old = ugly, weak, stupid). The future looks pretty bleak for all of us. I can't even find any other websites which deal with age and representation. By denying that ageing is a natural part of the process, we condemn ourselves to an eternal adolescence (God! No!) and do not acknowledge that our tastes may grow and change. Will you still want YOUR MTV when you're 80? Things are changing, however; as the baby boomers of the 1950s and 1960s move on towards their 'Third Age', they demand the same consumer comfort they have always done, and also demand the right to see themselves fairly represented on TV. There have been some high profile representations of the elderly in recent years (and I'm not talking about Bruce Willis playing Ross's Dad in "Friends"). ...read more.

Conclusion

loved?) or do they have space (power? insecurity?). Are they where they need to be (centred?), or do they have a space into which they are headed? Technical Codes: Lighting Lighting is part of the mise-en-scene, and is one of the deliberate choices made by any producer of an image. The choice is very basic: Natural light or Artificial Light Most photographs you see that make part of print ads or magazine illustrations use artifical light. Moving images commonly use artifical light too - traditionally film stock was not sensitive enough to respond to any but the brightest of daylight (FACT FANS: this is why Los Angeles became a centre for film production back in the 1900s - they have approximately nine months of sunshine in a year). However, with new digital technologies, natural lighting is increasingly used by film-makers, although most mainstream producers still prefer the control that artificial lighting techniques give them. When examining any lighting set up, you need to consider the following: Where is the light coming from (front, sides or back)? How intense is the light, and what time of day might it be said to represent? Most commonly, three point lighting is used: there is a filter in PhotoShop that will let you play around with the different effects of this. You will hear (or read) three types of lighting referred to. Key The main source of light on the subject, usually coming from around 45° above and either to the left or the right of the camera Fill This is a soft light, which, as it name suggests, fills in the shadows, to avoid sharp areas of contrast caused by the main light. Back This comes from, obviously, behind the subject, and makes it stand out agains the background The important thing to remember about lighting is that shadow is just as important. We see patterns of light and dark - that is how our eyes create images, and we read both light and its absence as equally significant. The whole meaning of an image can be changed if you alter the shadows. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Narrative section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Narrative essays

  1. Explain the concept of 'Moral Panics' and examine the claim that the media generate ...

    On traditional holidays following the incident at Clacton, the mass media would effectively rehash the Clacton reports and relate it to another situation. Even the most isolated incidents of youth disturbances would be related to Clacton and the Mods and Rockers clash, effectively consolidating the public's fear and concern about

  2. The mass media has played a major role in structuring public perceptions of crime ...

    me that out of the 50 people I interviewed the majority do watch news related programs or read newspapers. The next question I asked in my questionnaire should show where peoples knowledge of crime and deviance stems from. I can relate this to my hypothesis when focusing especially on the

  1. Literary Linguistics and Critical Appreciation - Stylistic analysis of a fragment from novel and ...

    Out of the context the sentence is illogical and not clear. Some ignorant readers not familiarized with the Asian culture in general and the different Japanese religious sects in special could not make any sense of this sentence. In analyzing the first part of the sentence we have to understand

  2. 'How is the recent broadcasting of the BBC documentary 'The Secret Policeman' relevant to ...

    Over a month before The Secret Policeman was broadcast, John Gieve, the permanent Secretary at the Home Office wrote to the BBC a letter that they described as 'unprecedented'11 pressure to bully them into withdrawing the programme. The chief constable of Greater Manchester Police also intimidated the BBC with the

  1. The purpose of this content analysis is to find out to what extend did ...

    Analysing the way media reported on the latest NHS crisis will help to find out what impressions audiences were getting through the media which obviously helped to form their opinion. This analysis might also help to find out who was to blame for this crisis according to the UK Media.

  2. Racism as defined by mass media

    Children look to the media for role models and imitate their favourite character. From the way they dress, talk, style their hair to following the messages sent by their characters. From the haircuts of the women on 'Friends' to the baggy fashions of the hip-hop scene, the influence of media on today's children can be seen everywhere.

  1. Analysis of the film "We Need To Talk About Kevin"

    Kevin seems to live only for his mother, he doesnât really care about Franklin and Celia, theyâre just his tools, the end of the movie proves this point. The peek of the story, as well as the borderline between âpastâ and âpresentâ is a massacre carried out by Kevin, where he kills a number of people.

  2. Media Video Evaluation

    These are some connotations of the colour black. The music video can form social attitudes to the people watching. It can also act as a message and represent the fact that bullying is going on today in schools around the country. It may suggest that most bullies are gangsters, and that most of their victims are nerds.

  • Over 180,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.