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Abortion - Case study

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Introduction

What is an abortion? An abortion is the medical process of ending a pregnancy so that it does not result in the birth of a baby. Sometimes, healthcare professionals may refer to an abortion as a "Termination of pregnancy" rather than an abortion. The decision to have an abortion is a difficult decision to make. There are many reasons why you might decide to have an abortion - for example, your personal circumstances, your health may be at risk, or there may be a high probability that the baby will have a medical condition. Many people have strong views and opinions about abortion (both for and against), that are often based on deeply held religious, cultural, or philosophical beliefs. While all of these views should be respected, the law in the UK makes it legal to have an abortion during the first 24 weeks of pregnancy. Why should we lower the limit? -This is an argument for lowering the limit "At 24 weeks a baby is developed enough to survive on its own. In fact, a baby could potentially survive a good number of weeks prior to that. Even the 22 weeks as recommended by David Cameron. The abortion limit should reflect whether or not the child could survive on its own or not, if it can survive on its own then it is a life form, not a bundle of cells to be terminated. ...read more.

Middle

your partner. It is important to remember that the final decision about whether or not to have an abortion is yours, and you should not be pressured into making a decision that you might later regret. If you are under 16 years of age, you can have an abortion without telling your parents, as long as two doctors believe that it is in your best interests, and that you fully understand what is involved. However, the doctors will encourage you to involve your parents, or another adult, in your decision making process. If you have an abortion, you have the right for it to remain confidential, regardless of you age. How an abortion is performed In the UK, under The Abortion Act 1967, abortions can only be carried out in a hospital, or in a specialised licensed clinic. In most cases, an abortion is carried out as a day procedure, and an overnight stay in hospital is not required. Before the abortion When you go for your first appointment, you should be given the opportunity to talk about your situation. You will be informed about the different methods of abortion, and which method is suitable for your stage of pregnancy. You should also be advised about any possible risks and complications that are related to the procedure. The doctor, or nurse, will ask you questions about your medical history in order to make sure that the type of abortion you are offered is suitable for you. ...read more.

Conclusion

And in the vast majority of cases, the fact that a woman has had an abortion does not affect her chances of becoming pregnant and having normal pregnancies in future. Risks at the time of an abortion The risk of a problem occurring at the time of an abortion is low. However, there are more likely to be problems if an abortion is carried out later in a pregnancy. The low risks associated with abortions are outlined below: * Haemorrhage (excessive bleeding) occurs in about one in every 1,000 abortions. * Damage to the cervix occurs in no more than 10 in every 1,000 abortions. * Damage to the womb during surgical abortion occurs in up to four in every 1,000 abortions. * Damage to the womb occurs in less than one in every 1,000 medical abortions carried out 12-24 weeks. Risks after an abortion After an abortion, the main risk is infection in the womb that is usually caused by a failure to completely remove all of the foetus and the associated tissue. If you have an infection following an abortion, you may have heavy bleeding from your vagina and some period-like pain. Antibiotics are usually used to treat the infection. If an infection is not treated, it could result in a more severe infection of your reproductive organs, such as pelvic inflammatory disease which can cause infertility, or ectopic pregnancy. However, the risk of an infection developing can be reduced by taking antibiotics at the time of the abortion. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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