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Does The UK Need More Nuclear Power Stations?

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Introduction

Does The UK Need More Nuclear Power Stations? In this piece of coursework I am going to explain my opinion on the question "Does the UK need more nuclear power stations". Ever since it was discovered people have wanted and got as much electricity as they wanted, because of this the amount of electricity used and produced has being increasing very rapidly in the last 20years. This is causing several problems, especially the amount of pollution that is being produced by the 'latest' fossil fuelled power stations. Arguments For and Against Nuclear Power For; Politics-It is predicted that in the nest 15 years the government will be forced to repeat the 8 hour electricity rota, similar to what happened in the 1970's miners strike. Also it is predicted that most of our oil and natural gas will need to come from politically unsafe countries, like Iraq or Russia and this means that they can use their production of fossil fuels as a political 'lever' and you would have situations like "If you do not give us compensation for X, Y or Z then we will shut down our pipelines", this could cause tension between countries like Iraq and America, this could and probably will lead to another war. ...read more.

Middle

plastics, and petrol, however oil has had a less than successful birth, when it was first being used, as has already being mentioned at the start, most of it was coming for communist or unstable countries and then in 1973 OPEC quadrupled the prices on oil and led to the oil crisis. Oil may emit less CO2, Nitrous Oxides and Particulates then coal but, it emits far more sulphur, which contributes to acid rain, and is causing the death of much of the wildlife close to the power stations, and now countries now have to pay lots of money to have oil burning stations converted to run on low sulphur oil. Graphs/Statistics: (1) Annual CO2 Emissions/How Long Will the Reserves Last/Cost per Unit of Electricity Type Of Power Station Amount of CO2 Produced (tonnes) Reserves (years)(Approx) Cost (pence) Coal 7,025,000 230 years 3-4p Oil 5,620,000 40 years Approx 3p Gas 3,895,000 65 years 2.5-3p Nuclear 0,060,000 50-1000 years* Approx 2.5p *Uranium in "Thermal Rector" 50 years, Reusing/Producing Uranium in "fast reactors" 1000+years (2) This graph shows how the production of Nuclear Power has changed over the last 20 years, the graph starts on 1980 and finishes on 2006, so this graph is slightly out of date however as we can see the trend is for an increase in nuclear power generation in the whole world, including some more underdeveloped places such as South America. ...read more.

Conclusion

Appendix (1) -Pages 10 to 14 of Developing Energy and Nuclear Power by British Nuclear Energy Forum (2) -Copy of 6 Worldwide Recent Nuclear Generation.xls provided by The Science Department (3) -Page 8 of Key World Energy Statistics 2008 written by The International Energy Agency (4) -Page 8 of Key World Energy Statistics 2008 written by The International Energy Agency Evaluating Sources (1) -A very detailed source and contains lots of information about nearly all fuel sources, emissions, use and predicted lifespan of that fuel. It is, surprisingly a very unbiased source with balanced arguments for the fuel sources, and also gives all of the "cons" of Nuclear Power as well as the "pros" so you are able to formulate your own opinions better. Overall one of the best sources I have used. (2) -A useful source of information and helped me to make the first graph. (3) And (4)-Probably a better source of information then (2) as this contains the statistics and graphs for about 70 different things, from Total Energy Production, to Emissions, to Fossil Fuel Production by Region. This is also a better source because it has being written by a reputable organization, and also you would know anything written by them should be unbiased as they are such a large organization. ...read more.

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