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Haig: Butcher of the Somme

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Introduction

Haig: Butcher of the Somme? The First World War started when Austro-Hungary attacked Serbia. This triggered alliances and ententes to come to attention. Germany defended Austro- Hungary and Russia defended Serbia, France defended Russia and Britain defended France. That one declaration of war caused a chain reaction of countries and a tangle of European politics. Trench Warfare was where the War was fought and was an abomination to send men to War and eventually over the front line. Field Marshall Douglas Haig was the commander in charge of planning the Britain's attack, when they supported the French whilst they were attacked. Field Marshall Douglas Haig was born in 1861, making him 54 at the time when he was appointed for leadership. Haig has gone down in history as the Butcher of the Somme, for sending thousands of British troops over the front line to perish and threw away their lives in futile attacks. War affects everyone in different ways. Emotionally and psychologically; soldiers witnessing so much bloodshed or the loss of loved ones, events that people may never recover from. Militarily; the loss of huge numbers of troops and trench warfare, tried and failed. Politically; mass democracy and a second war mentioned by Winston Churchill. Economically; economy's ruined, anger at conditions and European map redrawn. ...read more.

Middle

The ambulance personnel have been overworked. Dressings are very short. Horse ambulance wagons no use; light motors most necessary. This shows his sheer devotion, and kind-heartedness, to his wounded troops, by visiting them and nursing them and giving the ambulance crew a bit of a break. Douglas Haig stated that the machine gun was overrated not because they were new, but because he preferred aircraft artillery. In 1907, he said; 'Success in battle depends mainly on morale and determination.' Showing he was determined to succeed and help the French with the Germans, and that he would do what it takes. It has been said that Haig was a bit of a 'technophobic', but it has been suggested by Gary Sheffield and John Bourne, that Haig was not a 'technophobe', but just preferred air power. Douglas Haig was also a man who could admit the government had made a mistake, however minor it was, by recognising that the war was unlikely to be over by Christmas. He also reported overlooking a trench mortar that could fire a bomb of 21b weight. Showing his commitment and dependence on his weaponry. Haig took a fair while to get the first lot of troops over the front line, which showed compassion and just how difficult the decisions were for Douglas Haig to make about his troops attack and defence systems. ...read more.

Conclusion

Sources C & D because of biased opinions and sources E, F & G might not have been exactly reliable because they would not have liked Haig for nearly getting them killed and/or friends/associates/family being killed because of him. Overall, self-opinions, being biased and against Haig and amounts of spite would have affected the reliability of sources. People's opinions may also have been affected because The Great War was supposed to be a war to end all wars, but World War Two followed shortly after, causing people to blame the militia leadership of WW1. If the sources were written before WW2, there would have been a better chance it was reliable than afterwards where their brains are clouded with more war. My last point is that if World War 1 had not ended the way it had due to Douglas Haig, then the Treaty of Versailles would not have been agreed about Germany without Germany present. Then there may have been a chance that Hitler would not have formed his 'Nazi' group and the events of the holocaust may have been prevented from happening in the near future. Haig was one of the triggers towards the pain and torture caused during the holocaust by Adolf Hitler and the rise of him. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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