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Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA) 1974

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Introduction

Identify and describe the roles and responsibilities of the persons responsible for health, safety and welfare on an actual construction project. This should include key personnel involved from inception to completion of a typical project and their influence on all aspects of health, safety and welfare. Task 2 (P2) You are required to identify three main pieces of health, safety and welfare legislation relevant to the construction and built environment sector and describe the legal duties of employees and employers in terms of such legislation. One of these must be the HASAWA 1974 this can be access through the internet. Only two sections of the document are required to answer this criterion: the legal duties of the employer, and the legal duties of the employees. Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA) 1974 The basis of British health and safety law is the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974. The Act sets out the general duties which employers have towards employees and members of the public, and employees have to themselves and to each other. The Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA) 1974 says that: "It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all his employees". ...read more.

Middle

they must co-operate with Management on Health and Safety issues and they must not tamper with any provisions made to aid Health and Safety by removing guards, removing signs. An employee must ensure that all personal protective equipment provided is correctly used and that any defects or defective equipment on site is reported immediately. Proper training regarding health and safety on site and adequate supervision must be provided by the employer for all employees. COSHH Regulations Another piece of Health and Safety legislation that is relevant to the construction industry is the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (COSHH). Employers have to protect both employees and others who may be exposed to hazardous substances by complying with COSHH. The regulations are to protect people against risks to their health from exposure to substances found in the workplace which can cause an immediate risk to health such as chemical burns or longer term health effects such as from exposure to asbestos. Effects from hazardous substances range from mild eye irritation to chronic lung disease or death. Employers have different responsibilities under COSHH and one of the main requirements is that a risk assessment is carried out of all work or substances that could expose an employee or others to hazardous substances and that there is a formal written record of the assessments. ...read more.

Conclusion

These regulations require the responsible persons to report * deaths; * major injuries; * over-3-day injuries - where an employee or self-employed person is away from work or unable to perform their normal work duties for more than 3 consecutive days; * injuries to members of the public or people not at work where they are taken from the scene of an accident to hospital; * some work-related diseases; * dangerous occurrences - where something happens that does not result in an injury, but could have done; * CORGI registered gas fitters must also report dangerous gas fittings they find, and gas conveyors/suppliers must report some flammable gas incidents. Responsible persons are generally employers but also include various managers and occupiers of premises. The regulations do not impose an obligation on employees but they do have a general obligation under the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 to take care of safety. The information reported enables the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and local authorities, to identify where and how risks arise, and to investigate serious accidents. By reporting accidents the health and safety executive and local authorities can identify where and how risks arise, by doing this they can provide information on where the accidents happen and do something about it before some- one could have a major accident. ?? ?? ?? ?? Health and Safety Assignment Oliver Wakefield ...read more.

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