• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

If facts by themselves never prove or disprove anything, what else is involved in the proof of a statement?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Charlotte Nguyen TOK 06-09-08 If facts by themselves never prove or disprove anything, what else is involved in the proof of a statement? Throughout our lives we enter a journey in order to gain knowledge and, hence discover what justified true belief is. The word 'fact' is often defined as a piece of information presented as having objective reality.1 Furthermore, the word 'fact' often connotes that there is a substantial amount of truth, and some would even go as far as saying that facts are almost synonymous with truths. If facts by themselves never prove or disprove a statement, then we would be forced to engage and utilize other ways of knowing in order to determine the degree of truth and validity present within a given statement. However, without the ability to incorporate facts, which are one of the more objective and concrete ways of knowing, which ways of knowing could we utilize and still form valid and seamless proofs? The elements of which a proof of a statement is comprised of vary generally from one area of knowledge to another. Therefore, we would consider the usage of different ways of knowing, differing from one area of knowledge to another. For example, mathematicians have strived to derive mathematical models that stimulate the world around us. ...read more.

Middle

The natural sciences are very similar to mathematics as an area of knowledge in that it is perceived to be one of the lesser subjective areas of knowledge in comparison to say perhaps the arts. However, we use deductive proofs more frequently in the natural sciences than in mathematics. For example, in biology, we know that temperature, substrate concentration, and pH are factors that would have an effect upon the rate of reaction in regards to how it affects the enzymes that control that specific pathway. We then would carry out an experiment to using a specific enzyme, such as amylase, and see if a factor, such as temperature, would indeed affect the rate of reaction. However, the use of deductive logic could involve a number of fallacies or faulty logic that at first appears to be sound, although the possibility of arriving at a proof that is entirely foolproof and reliable, is greatly reduced. In contrast, the arts are seen as probably the most subjective of all the areas of knowledge. However, we of course introduce standards while critiquing a piece of work. For literature, we often have expectations in regards to the effective use of literary elements and how overall themes, ideas, and situations are communicated, whether it is implicitly or explicitly. ...read more.

Conclusion

to some other ends."2 Authority, as a way of knowing, is considered to be a more unbiased way, although authorities could also argue against each other. Examiners that mark exams frequently argue whether or not a student is deserving of all the marks and what constitutes as deserving, so this would cause several issues to arise. Furthermore, whom we consider as authorities also is subjective to a certain extent, which would undermine the validity and element of truth involved in the proof of a statement. If facts could neither prove nor disprove a statement, we would resort to other ways of knowing, such as emotion, intuition, inductive and deductive logic, as well as conferring with authorities. However, we often regard facts as an objective and reliable way of knowing, especially in comparison to emotion and intuition. We could still develop proofs of statements without utilizing or incorporating facts, although creating loophole free proofs would be more tiresome and exerting. There would be an increased need to account for and consider the extent of validity with these different methods of knowledge, although as society our great desire to know and obtain knowledge will prevail and enable us to create proofs by more innovative means. 1 Merriam-Webster Online. 2005. 10 June 2008 <http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fact> 2 Bhagavad Gita, date unknown ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Miscellaneous essays

  1. Describe an exam room

    as I constantly heard it ticking, excruciatingly loud; this was all I could hear in the classroom.

  2. Romeo &amp;amp; Juliet 'I am fortune's fool' - to what extent is Romeo a ...

    This puts pressure on Juliet to find a way out and she refuses to marry Paris, Capulet turns angry and he tells her that if she does not change her mind and go ahead with the marriage, she will be cut off from her inheritance and from his (Lord Capulet's)

  1. The dropping of the atomic bomb : Justified?

    the amount of innocent lives that were taken that day was extraordinary and the lack of compassion shown to the women and children in Japan was quite astounding. How did America consider wiping out over half a population, never mind actually doing it?

  2. A Comparison and Contrast of the different views of love presented in Cousin Kate ...

    The maiden still feels that she still loves the 'great lord' and that her love shall last forever whereas the young girl in 'The Seduction' knows that she didn't love the school boy and that he didn't love her either.

  1. Walter Payton Biography - Never Die Easy

    Than the U.S. Supreme Court decided to enforce the integrate all schools by 1970. Walter was never the "big man on campus". He was a drummer for the high school band for his freshman year, before Jefferson and Columbia were integrated.

  2. Investigation into the Internal and External Communication methods of a school (BCS GCSE - ...

    * Finally, there is formal and informal communication. Informal is spoken communications, mainly down the grapevine, and formal communication is written communication, to probably make a permanent record of it's content. Businesses have to communicate to all sorts of people or organisations to keep their business running. Some include advertisers, to communicate with potential clients on a mass scale.

  1. Global Warming Must be Reduced

    Another helpful tip is to recycle. Recycling plastic, paper, metals, and glass reduces the size of landfills and reduces the amount of waste that trucks have to transport. He also states that if you recycle one can, you will save the energy that it would take to run a television for three hours.

  2. What safeguards need to be in place when assessing children and the need for ...

    It is important for setting to adapt their routine to the needs of the baby, rather than the other way round. Children aged 3-7 years as they move between different settings Children are more able to understand what happening. If they have had good experiences of being separated , they will adjust more easily.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work