• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

If facts by themselves never prove or disprove anything, what else is involved in the proof of a statement?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Charlotte Nguyen TOK 06-09-08 If facts by themselves never prove or disprove anything, what else is involved in the proof of a statement? Throughout our lives we enter a journey in order to gain knowledge and, hence discover what justified true belief is. The word 'fact' is often defined as a piece of information presented as having objective reality.1 Furthermore, the word 'fact' often connotes that there is a substantial amount of truth, and some would even go as far as saying that facts are almost synonymous with truths. If facts by themselves never prove or disprove a statement, then we would be forced to engage and utilize other ways of knowing in order to determine the degree of truth and validity present within a given statement. However, without the ability to incorporate facts, which are one of the more objective and concrete ways of knowing, which ways of knowing could we utilize and still form valid and seamless proofs? The elements of which a proof of a statement is comprised of vary generally from one area of knowledge to another. Therefore, we would consider the usage of different ways of knowing, differing from one area of knowledge to another. For example, mathematicians have strived to derive mathematical models that stimulate the world around us. ...read more.

Middle

The natural sciences are very similar to mathematics as an area of knowledge in that it is perceived to be one of the lesser subjective areas of knowledge in comparison to say perhaps the arts. However, we use deductive proofs more frequently in the natural sciences than in mathematics. For example, in biology, we know that temperature, substrate concentration, and pH are factors that would have an effect upon the rate of reaction in regards to how it affects the enzymes that control that specific pathway. We then would carry out an experiment to using a specific enzyme, such as amylase, and see if a factor, such as temperature, would indeed affect the rate of reaction. However, the use of deductive logic could involve a number of fallacies or faulty logic that at first appears to be sound, although the possibility of arriving at a proof that is entirely foolproof and reliable, is greatly reduced. In contrast, the arts are seen as probably the most subjective of all the areas of knowledge. However, we of course introduce standards while critiquing a piece of work. For literature, we often have expectations in regards to the effective use of literary elements and how overall themes, ideas, and situations are communicated, whether it is implicitly or explicitly. ...read more.

Conclusion

to some other ends."2 Authority, as a way of knowing, is considered to be a more unbiased way, although authorities could also argue against each other. Examiners that mark exams frequently argue whether or not a student is deserving of all the marks and what constitutes as deserving, so this would cause several issues to arise. Furthermore, whom we consider as authorities also is subjective to a certain extent, which would undermine the validity and element of truth involved in the proof of a statement. If facts could neither prove nor disprove a statement, we would resort to other ways of knowing, such as emotion, intuition, inductive and deductive logic, as well as conferring with authorities. However, we often regard facts as an objective and reliable way of knowing, especially in comparison to emotion and intuition. We could still develop proofs of statements without utilizing or incorporating facts, although creating loophole free proofs would be more tiresome and exerting. There would be an increased need to account for and consider the extent of validity with these different methods of knowledge, although as society our great desire to know and obtain knowledge will prevail and enable us to create proofs by more innovative means. 1 Merriam-Webster Online. 2005. 10 June 2008 <http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fact> 2 Bhagavad Gita, date unknown ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Miscellaneous essays

  1. Romeo &amp;amp; Juliet 'I am fortune's fool' - to what extent is Romeo a ...

    Juliet confides in the Friar her despair at having to marry Paris and she asks him for a means to prevent the forthcoming marriage. He gives her a vial of potion he has concocted to take while in bed that evening, which will make her appear dead for 42 hours.

  2. My Beautician hand book - Basic skincare. How make-up should be applied to different ...

    *?Blush or highlighter *?Darker lipstick color. If you do not have darker lipstick with you, then you can always use a darker lip pencil, fill in your lip line and take the lip pencil color all over your lips. *?Lip gloss 21. How to Apply False Eyelashes To make it easy for you, firstly do your eye make-up before applying these eyelashes.

  1. How does steven speilberg use filmic techniques to build tension and suspense in jaws

    the second and third victims because it also gives multiple targets and leaves viewers in suspense about who will become shark bait. The man is seen desperately trying to cling to his boat in a mid shot, though the overpowering force of the beast pulls him beneath the surface.

  2. The Haunted Resort (English Creative Writing Coursework)

    These voices sounded like someone was crying, not out of agony, but out of grief. The sound made every single piece of hair on my body stand upright, and for a few seconds I could not move or even breathe.

  1. The dropping of the atomic bomb : Justified?

    It eradicated towns and cities thus peoples' homes, communities, families and property. The dropping of the atomic bomb could be considered justified because, firstly, it was a way to save hundreds of thousands of lives, not only American troops, but Japanese also because of the previously planned ground invasion being prevented.

  2. Global Warming Must be Reduced

    Another example is that by recycling just 1 ton of paper (2000 lbs), you can save 17 trees; 6,953 gallons of water; 463 gallons of oil; 587 pounds of air pollution; 4.06 cubic yards of land fill space; and 4,077 kilowatt hours of energy.

  1. More than anything else, journeys are about the challenge of self-reflection and the discovery ...

    In the novel Parzival, Parzival's initial flaws are his youthful ignorance and selfishness, as when he abandons his heartbroken mother to become a knight or when he conceives god as a sort of feudal overlord. As the story goes on Parzival begins to notice his weaknesses, this is the time

  2. Citizenship Task. Our aim was to raise awareness of the issues concerning Global ...

    This could be done by asking your audience for their opinions in the form of a questionnaire, for instance. You then need to decide what further action you could take. Describe how you intend to find out what impact the advocacy has had.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work