• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

If facts by themselves never prove or disprove anything, what else is involved in the proof of a statement?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Charlotte Nguyen TOK 06-09-08 If facts by themselves never prove or disprove anything, what else is involved in the proof of a statement? Throughout our lives we enter a journey in order to gain knowledge and, hence discover what justified true belief is. The word 'fact' is often defined as a piece of information presented as having objective reality.1 Furthermore, the word 'fact' often connotes that there is a substantial amount of truth, and some would even go as far as saying that facts are almost synonymous with truths. If facts by themselves never prove or disprove a statement, then we would be forced to engage and utilize other ways of knowing in order to determine the degree of truth and validity present within a given statement. However, without the ability to incorporate facts, which are one of the more objective and concrete ways of knowing, which ways of knowing could we utilize and still form valid and seamless proofs? The elements of which a proof of a statement is comprised of vary generally from one area of knowledge to another. Therefore, we would consider the usage of different ways of knowing, differing from one area of knowledge to another. For example, mathematicians have strived to derive mathematical models that stimulate the world around us. ...read more.

Middle

The natural sciences are very similar to mathematics as an area of knowledge in that it is perceived to be one of the lesser subjective areas of knowledge in comparison to say perhaps the arts. However, we use deductive proofs more frequently in the natural sciences than in mathematics. For example, in biology, we know that temperature, substrate concentration, and pH are factors that would have an effect upon the rate of reaction in regards to how it affects the enzymes that control that specific pathway. We then would carry out an experiment to using a specific enzyme, such as amylase, and see if a factor, such as temperature, would indeed affect the rate of reaction. However, the use of deductive logic could involve a number of fallacies or faulty logic that at first appears to be sound, although the possibility of arriving at a proof that is entirely foolproof and reliable, is greatly reduced. In contrast, the arts are seen as probably the most subjective of all the areas of knowledge. However, we of course introduce standards while critiquing a piece of work. For literature, we often have expectations in regards to the effective use of literary elements and how overall themes, ideas, and situations are communicated, whether it is implicitly or explicitly. ...read more.

Conclusion

to some other ends."2 Authority, as a way of knowing, is considered to be a more unbiased way, although authorities could also argue against each other. Examiners that mark exams frequently argue whether or not a student is deserving of all the marks and what constitutes as deserving, so this would cause several issues to arise. Furthermore, whom we consider as authorities also is subjective to a certain extent, which would undermine the validity and element of truth involved in the proof of a statement. If facts could neither prove nor disprove a statement, we would resort to other ways of knowing, such as emotion, intuition, inductive and deductive logic, as well as conferring with authorities. However, we often regard facts as an objective and reliable way of knowing, especially in comparison to emotion and intuition. We could still develop proofs of statements without utilizing or incorporating facts, although creating loophole free proofs would be more tiresome and exerting. There would be an increased need to account for and consider the extent of validity with these different methods of knowledge, although as society our great desire to know and obtain knowledge will prevail and enable us to create proofs by more innovative means. 1 Merriam-Webster Online. 2005. 10 June 2008 <http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fact> 2 Bhagavad Gita, date unknown ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Miscellaneous essays

  1. Romeo &amp;amp; Juliet 'I am fortune's fool' - to what extent is Romeo a ...

    This puts pressure on Juliet to find a way out and she refuses to marry Paris, Capulet turns angry and he tells her that if she does not change her mind and go ahead with the marriage, she will be cut off from her inheritance and from his (Lord Capulet's)

  2. Walter Payton Biography - Never Die Easy

    Walter was a star the second he stepped foot on that field. He never knew but he said it just came to him that where he needed to run, he ran, and when he needed to lower his shoulder, he would lower it.

  1. Investigation into the Internal and External Communication methods of a school (BCS GCSE - ...

    For example, if a school didn't pre-prepare our school timetables for the next school year, then no one would know where to go and this would disrupt the whole lesson programme. Lack of effectiveness is also the main barrier of communication.

  2. Global Warming Must be Reduced

    The last example of something people can do to prevent global warming is to buy locally grown produce and food. By doing so, you can lessen the distance that the shipping trucks have to travel to ship the food to you.

  1. What safeguards need to be in place when assessing children and the need for ...

    You will also need to be aware of the developmental needs of the children you are working with. How to encourage children to be curious - provide a variety of stimulating activities invite children to look and touch sensory activities listen and answer childrens questions how to encourage children to

  2. Great Expectations

    "She was dressed in all white, a white veil dependant from her hair" Dickens describes very briefly what Miss Havisham was wearing but you also learn alot just by the way he has described the way she is dressed. " I saw the bride within the bridal dress had withered

  1. My Beautician hand book - Basic skincare. How make-up should be applied to different ...

    Brush your client's eyebrows with an eyebrow brush in the opposite direction that it is growing. Mix the correct colour for your client's eyebrows, with 2- 3 drops of peroxide. 10. Apply it against the hair growth and make sure that all the hair is covered. Comb it then neatly.

  2. Citizenship Task. Our aim was to raise awareness of the issues concerning Global ...

    Furthermore I also as believed that these people could focus easily which would be beneficial as the task in hand would be competed to the best of our ability. I felt it was important to work with people who I was comfortable around and who had different skills because these

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work