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MMR Case Study

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Title Page - page 1 Contents Page - page 2 Introduction - page 3 Scientific Knowledge - page 4 Arguments For - page 5&6 Arguments against - page 7 Conclusion - page 8&9 Bibliography - page 10&11 The MMR vaccine is a combined vaccine that was introduced in 1988, to prevent three diseases, measles, mumps and rubella. The vaccine is given generally to children at the age of 1-3 years and then a further booster between the ages of 4-7. Since the vaccine was introduced, the amount of children catching the disease has reached an all time low. Measles, mumps and rubella are all highly contagious and sometimes a fatal disease. To stop these diseases breaking out and becoming another epidemic, children should be vaccinated. Doubts about the safety of MMR vaccine have centred on two questions. Is there a link between MMR and autism? And would separate vaccines be safer than MMR? In 1993 an article was posted by Dr. Andrew Wakefield, in a well respected journal, The Lancet. The article suggested that the combined vaccine was linked to bowel disease and autism thus causing great controversy, leading to more and more media coverage. Parents started refusing the vaccine for their children over concern that the risks were not worth it anymore, this could threaten disease control. But the question is, was Dr. Andrew Wakefield correct? ...read more.

Middle

The vaccine has been around for 30 years and is used in over 100 countries. More than 500 million doses have been given." Autism was well known long before MMR was used in this country. More cases of autism are being reported now, but the increase started before MMR was introduced and there was no dramatic rise in cases of autism when MMR immunisation started. The World Health Organisation states "MMR is a highly effective vaccine with an outstanding safety record." There was more than a decade of experience in the US before it was used in the UK. Over 90 countries have introduced MMR vaccine and more than 500 million doses have been used. If we used single vaccines, in place of the three in one vaccine, it would mean that; Children would have to have six separate injections over a long period of time, meaning that the children would be left without protection from measles, mumps, and rubella between each injection. Also, there would be a fall in vaccine coverage as children may not complete the course of injections. There is a risk that babies may catch the diseases from older family members who are unprotected between separate injections. Another problem with having separate injections is that; pregnant women will be at a risk of the rubella infection from their own unprotected children and the children of their friends. ...read more.

Conclusion

I think that using separate vaccines for each disease is far too risky, the vaccines have to be given over a long period of time, leaving the child unprotected for a longer period of time than necessary, this could lead to the child catching any three of the diseases from friends. Information - The information about how the Vaccine works in Scientific Knowledge came from this website - http://archive.thisisworcestershire.co.uk/2003/10/20/165948.html The information about the amount of Vaccinations in Introduction and Arguments For came from this website - http://www.mmrthefacts.nhs.uk/library/properlytested.php The information about the MMR vaccine in Introduction and Arguments For came from this website - http://www.socgenmicrobiol.org.uk/pubs/micro_today/pdf/050210.pdf The information about the effects of Measles, Mumps and Rubella came from this website - http://www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk/articles/article.aspx?articleId=519&sectionId=38 The information in Arguments For and Introduction about Measles, Mumps and Rubella and the link between autism and bowel disease came from this website - http://www.healthpromotionagency.org.uk/Resources/parentschild/MMR/pdfs/mmrleaflet.pdf The information in introduction and conclusion came from this website- http://www.nhs.uk/news/2007/January08/Pages/MMRvaccinedoesnotcauseautism.aspx The information in Arguments For and Arguments Against section came from this website - http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-89553/The-case-MMR-vaccine.html The information from BUPA health care in the Arguments For section came from this website - http://hcd2.bupa.co.uk/fact_sheets/html/mmr.html?print The information about Katie Stephens came from this website - http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/main.jhtml?xml=/health/2007/03/05/hmmr105.xml The information from The World Health Organisation in Arguments For came from this website - http://www.mmrthefacts.nhs.uk/basics/truths.php Graphs - The graphs showing the number of cases of measles mumps and rubella came from this website - www.mmrthefacts.nhs.uk/library/common.php Pictures - The picture of the needle on the front cover came from this website - http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/graphics/2007/03/05/hmmr.jpg ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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