• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11

MMR Case Study

Extracts from this document...


Title Page - page 1 Contents Page - page 2 Introduction - page 3 Scientific Knowledge - page 4 Arguments For - page 5&6 Arguments against - page 7 Conclusion - page 8&9 Bibliography - page 10&11 The MMR vaccine is a combined vaccine that was introduced in 1988, to prevent three diseases, measles, mumps and rubella. The vaccine is given generally to children at the age of 1-3 years and then a further booster between the ages of 4-7. Since the vaccine was introduced, the amount of children catching the disease has reached an all time low. Measles, mumps and rubella are all highly contagious and sometimes a fatal disease. To stop these diseases breaking out and becoming another epidemic, children should be vaccinated. Doubts about the safety of MMR vaccine have centred on two questions. Is there a link between MMR and autism? And would separate vaccines be safer than MMR? In 1993 an article was posted by Dr. Andrew Wakefield, in a well respected journal, The Lancet. The article suggested that the combined vaccine was linked to bowel disease and autism thus causing great controversy, leading to more and more media coverage. Parents started refusing the vaccine for their children over concern that the risks were not worth it anymore, this could threaten disease control. But the question is, was Dr. Andrew Wakefield correct? ...read more.


The vaccine has been around for 30 years and is used in over 100 countries. More than 500 million doses have been given." Autism was well known long before MMR was used in this country. More cases of autism are being reported now, but the increase started before MMR was introduced and there was no dramatic rise in cases of autism when MMR immunisation started. The World Health Organisation states "MMR is a highly effective vaccine with an outstanding safety record." There was more than a decade of experience in the US before it was used in the UK. Over 90 countries have introduced MMR vaccine and more than 500 million doses have been used. If we used single vaccines, in place of the three in one vaccine, it would mean that; Children would have to have six separate injections over a long period of time, meaning that the children would be left without protection from measles, mumps, and rubella between each injection. Also, there would be a fall in vaccine coverage as children may not complete the course of injections. There is a risk that babies may catch the diseases from older family members who are unprotected between separate injections. Another problem with having separate injections is that; pregnant women will be at a risk of the rubella infection from their own unprotected children and the children of their friends. ...read more.


I think that using separate vaccines for each disease is far too risky, the vaccines have to be given over a long period of time, leaving the child unprotected for a longer period of time than necessary, this could lead to the child catching any three of the diseases from friends. Information - The information about how the Vaccine works in Scientific Knowledge came from this website - http://archive.thisisworcestershire.co.uk/2003/10/20/165948.html The information about the amount of Vaccinations in Introduction and Arguments For came from this website - http://www.mmrthefacts.nhs.uk/library/properlytested.php The information about the MMR vaccine in Introduction and Arguments For came from this website - http://www.socgenmicrobiol.org.uk/pubs/micro_today/pdf/050210.pdf The information about the effects of Measles, Mumps and Rubella came from this website - http://www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk/articles/article.aspx?articleId=519&sectionId=38 The information in Arguments For and Introduction about Measles, Mumps and Rubella and the link between autism and bowel disease came from this website - http://www.healthpromotionagency.org.uk/Resources/parentschild/MMR/pdfs/mmrleaflet.pdf The information in introduction and conclusion came from this website- http://www.nhs.uk/news/2007/January08/Pages/MMRvaccinedoesnotcauseautism.aspx The information in Arguments For and Arguments Against section came from this website - http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-89553/The-case-MMR-vaccine.html The information from BUPA health care in the Arguments For section came from this website - http://hcd2.bupa.co.uk/fact_sheets/html/mmr.html?print The information about Katie Stephens came from this website - http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/main.jhtml?xml=/health/2007/03/05/hmmr105.xml The information from The World Health Organisation in Arguments For came from this website - http://www.mmrthefacts.nhs.uk/basics/truths.php Graphs - The graphs showing the number of cases of measles mumps and rubella came from this website - www.mmrthefacts.nhs.uk/library/common.php Pictures - The picture of the needle on the front cover came from this website - http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/graphics/2007/03/05/hmmr.jpg ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Miscellaneous essays

  1. Water Pollution and Case Studies

    Hajim´┐Ż Hosokawa, in private tests on cats at the Chisso Company Hospital, showed that the plant's acetaldehyde wastewater caused the disease symptoms. Chisso installed a "cyclator" designed to control the emissions, offered `mimai' (consolation payments) to the patients, and the matter seemed resolved.

  2. My anlysis of the front page of a tabloid

    it is funny and makes the reader want to buy the paper to find out more. This article is clearly meant to be comical. The headline is clearly about celebrity golfer Colin Montgomerie and is very ofensive towards him. The headline calls him "Monty" rather than Montgomerie which makes is

  1. Obesity. In this project I hope to aim to locate the function of the ...

    % = % of daily allowance A healthier alternative that McDonalds offer Grilled chicken and bacon salad Calories 165 Fat 5g (7%) Saturated fat 2g (9%) Cholesterol N/A Carbohydrate 6g (2%) Salts 1.1g Protein 23g Iron N/A Calcium N/A The grilled chicken and bacon salad is a healthy alternative that McDonalds offer.

  2. A profile of my study child.

    activities involving intellectual would be easier for Jack to improve these skills. Again, for social and emotional development this was also done well, I believe that I did these sheets with confidence and ease helping me realise and choose what area of development I wanted to focus on with my study child.

  1. Is sunbathing good for you case study

    The New Zealand Herald (newspaper from New Zealand) stated "Vitamin D has been described as "the wonder vitamin" after a 40-year review of research found a daily dose could halve the risk of breast and colon cancer. It has also been shown to play a vital role in heart disease,

  2. What safeguards need to be in place when assessing children and the need for ...

    The child again could become neglected and behaviour changes. Children can be discriminated because they are poor, religion, culture and ethnicity and also disability. Children who experience this may become less confident and feel that they are not valued. Stimulation of the brain is vital for its growth. When children play and exercise the brain will be stimulated.

  1. 'Describe How the Travel and Tourism Industry Has Developed'

    A further 3.6 million travellers went on domestic U.K. sea journeys (e.g. from the Isles of Shetland to the Outer Hebrides [Scotland]). From 1999 and leading up to 2004, budget airlines and the Eurotunnel could have been the cause to a slight downward trend in passenger volume using sea travel.

  2. Evaluating children

    He knows that when a car has broken down it needs to be removed by a truck and taken to be repaired and that vehicle repairing is done in a garage. By pushing the car he is showing awareness that force is needed to move a toy car, when

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work