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Skin Cancer

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WHAT'S THE PROBLEM? Australians have the highest rate of skin cancer in the world. Two out of every three Australians who live to the age of 75 can expect to develop some type of skin cancer. For many years Australians thought a good suntan was a sign of a healthy body. The reality is that a good suntan is a sign that you are being exposed to too much UV radiation. There are three main types of skin cancers in Australia. The most dangerous of these cancers is melanoma. Early detection of skin cancers is extremely important; it can stop the spread of cancer to other parts of the body. The three main types of skin cancer are: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) - This is the most common, but least dangerous type of skin cancer. ...read more.


These usually begin as a new spot, freckle or mole on the skin that change in colour, thickness or shape over months. Melanomas sometimes develop in parts of the body such as the eye and mouth. Melanomas can be dark brown to black, red or blue-black or a combination of colours. They can have an irregular outline or shape. Melanomas can also develop in pre-existing moles and people who have a lot of moles seem to have a higher risk of developing melanoma. Melanomas can spread to internal organs and cause death if not detected and removed promptly. Keratoses - sometimes called sunspots - are dry, rough, firm spots on the skin and are not skin cancers. ...read more.


Pterygoid are wing-shaped growths of tissue on the eye and can cause symptoms like a mild case of conjunctivitis. HOW DO YOU KNOW IF YOU ARE AT RISK? Several factors contribute to an increased risk of developing skin cancer: * exposure during childhood; * outdoor activities - for example, a job where you work outside, sun tanning, outdoor leisure and sporting activities; * living closer to the equator - Queensland has a higher rate of diagnosed skin cancers than Tasmania; * being outdoors when solar UV radiation is more intense - between the hours of 10.00am and 2.00pm (11.00am and 3.00pm when there is daylight saving); * Having a fair complexion, blue eyes and freckles, and skin which tans poorly and burns easily. People who have already had a skin cancer or keratoses also have an increased risk of developing skin cancer. ARIN FLETCHER 901 ...read more.

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