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The Edad de Plata and the regeneration of the novel.

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Introduction

Introduction The Edad de Plata and the regeneration of the novel At the end of the nineteenth century a great crisis arose; the contemporary intellectuals and writers, wanted to break from their antecedents and look for the new and innovative, within literature and art. Some have named this era within literature as the Edad de Plata1. The Edad de Plata encapsulates the crisis approaching the end of a century, as well as the crisis of 1898 and the desastre: the loss of the Spanish Empire, which included Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Moreover, the Edad de Plata covers the bleak political and economic situation within Spain. The crisis facing the end of the century did not only affect Spain; it also affected Europe and the Western world. This crisis manifested itself in many different forms. The search for a new novelistic genre was because the earlier novelistic genres were outdated; a new world was emerging, and new realities were being conceived. Furthermore, changes in thought were occurring, religion was no longer the only answer to humankind's existence, science was playing a more important role: especially since the appearance of Darwin's book The origin of the species (1859). ...read more.

Middle

The realist novel could no longer exist in the eyes of these reformers. A group emerged, whom "Azorin" named the 'Generation of 1898': a group of intellectuals and writers that erupted from the end of century crisis, and the desastre. The writers were uninterested in reflecting reality, only transcending it, explaining it. The writers of the 'Generation of 1898' wrote a vision of intrahistoria3: a metahistory, a history that reflects upon itself. Unamuno first defined intrahistoria in his essay En torno al Castisismo (1902): mil veces he pensado en aquel juicio de Shopenhauer sobre la escasa utilidad de la historia y en los que lo hacen bueno, a la vez que en lo regenerador de las agues del r�o del olvido. Lo cierto es que los mejores libros de historia son aquellos en que vive el presente, y, si bien nos fijamos, hemos de ver que cuando se dice de un historiador que rescusita siglos muertos es porque pone su alma, les anima con un soplo de la intrahistoria eternal de la humanidad, ...un eco que sal�a de las entra�as del presente. ...read more.

Conclusion

Each of these novels, perfectly illustrate the regeneration of the novel at the beginning of the twentieth century in different ways. In Niebla Miguel de Unamuno introduces the novela ensayo: the novel which is also an essay, and the metafictional novel. Jos� Mart�nez Ruiz presents the novela l�rica and once again, the metafictional novel with La Voluntad. In Valle-Incl�n's Sonatas de Oto�o the reader sees the novela l�rica once more and Valle-Incl�n starting to embrace the aesthetic ideas of modernism. Each of these authors, as many within the Edad de Plata and Generation of 1898, sought to regenerate the novel, and carried on trying to develop the novel throughout their careers. 1 Mainer, J-C. La Edad de Plata (1902 1939) Ensayo de interpretaci�n de un proceso cultural. (Madrid: Catedra Cr�tica y Estudios Literarios, 1987). 2 Unamuno, M. En torno al Casticismo, (ed.) Luciano Gonz�lez Egido, (Madrid: Colecci�n Ausrtral, Espasa Calpe, 1991). p55. 3 Unamuno, M. En torno al Casticismo, Ed. Luciano Gonz�lez Egido, (Madrid: Colecci�n Austral, Espasa Calpe, 1991). 54. 3 Ortega y Gasset, J, Meditaciones sobre la literature y el arte: la manera espa�ola de ver las cosas. Ed. Inman Fox, (Madrid: Castalia, 1988). p.235. ...read more.

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