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- Marked by Teachers essays 23
The violin, piano, clarinet and trumpet are popular soloist instruments in a classical concerto. Mozart was a famous composer for this period he composed " The Magic Flute" and "The marriage of the Figaro" The clarinet was invented by John Denner in 1700. The Piano was invented in the early 18th century by Bartomeleo Cristodari. Mozart was the first composer to write for the clarinet The piano can make a difference between soft and loud. The Family of Instruments Classical Music Era Classical Music (1750-1810) Classical with a 'c' means anything that is top class, and particularly refers to the ancient Greeks and Romans. With a 'C' it means a specific style of composers.
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Clavier-�bung is possibly the epitome of Bach's writing at that time; virtuosic, melodic, stylistic and full of character. Its purpose was to 'refresh the music lover's spirit'  which it did judging from its continued fame, especially in the case of the 'Goldberg' variations. The name Clavier-�bung (translated as Keyboard Studies) was in fact adopted from Johann Kuhnau's existing 'Neue Clavier-�bung' which comprised of two volumes, seven major keyboard suites, and seven minor keyboard suites. Both J.S.Bach's and Kuhnau's partitas included dances of the classical suite: the allemande, courante, sarabande and gigue; however Bach then adds to these a rather individual piece which lends a sense of personality to each.
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tend also to increase and vice versa so that it gives the feeling of a strong uprising in the melody, even building towards the B major section. Some phrases have an accent on their first note as if to fall on to the note then play flowingly through the phrase. When the key change is brought about, a thicker richer texture is introduced bringing harmony to the section. The structure to the piece is quite simplistic: A A' B A'' B A'' /C C'/ A B A'' Though the piece uses 3 major sections, which are changed slightly when repeated, it keeps the piece together as a whole linking back to other first sections.
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It was founded by violinist David Harrington during 1973. After 1978, They have mainly worked from San Francisco. They specialize in new types of music and they have an extremely long history of commissioning new works. Over 600 works have been created for the Kronos Quartet. They have worked with many minimalist composers including Arvo P�rt, Henryk G�recki, Steve Reich, Philip Glass, Roberto Carnevale, Terry Riley and Kevin Volans. Steve's older pieces of work often involved him using tapes, looped and played back whereas Different Trains was more of a research experiment. Using recorded speech as lyrics and to create rhythms and tempo.
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Critically examine the role of improvisation in Jazz, in particular the improvisational technique of scat singing, and what figures have promoted this technique?
Any attempt to arrive at a precise, all-encompassing definition of jazz is most likely going to be futile. The main reason for this is that Jazz has been, from its very beginnings at the start of the 20th century, a constantly changing, evolving and expanding music, passing through several distinctive phases of development. A definition that might apply to one of the phases, for example, to swing or bebop, becomes inappropriate when applied to another segment of its history, say, to free jazz. Early attempts to define jazz as a music whose chief characteristic was improvisation, for example, turned out to be restrictive and quite untrue, since composition, arrangement, and ensemble have also been essential components of jazz for most of its history.
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As a butler, J.E., Duke's father had a certain aura or presence about him that naturally made him more reserved and refined than your average working class black man. "Duke was influenced by his strong identification with his father. J.E. was an elegant man, an excellent ballroom dancer, and a connoisseur of wines." 2 There was a striking difference between the life that many of the young black people of the time led, and that of Ellington. Not only was Ellington raised in a refined and proper manner, he was also exposed to luxuries unimaginable to most lower class black families of the time.
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Beethoven was born in Bonn. His father's harsh discipline and alcoholism made his childhood and adolescence difficult. At age 18, after his mother's death, Beethoven placed himself at the head of the family, taking responsibility for his two younger brothers, both of whom followed him when he later moved to Vienna, Austria In Bonn, Beethoven's most important composition teacher was German Composer Christian Gottlob Neefe, with whom he studied during the 1780's. Neefe used the music of German Composer Johann Sebastian Bach as a cornerstone of instruction, and later encouraged his student to study with Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, whom Beethoven met briefly in Vienna in 1787.
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Likewise, Mozart was very impressed by Beethoven's abilities, and declared that Beethoven would "give the world something to talk about". According to Charles Rosen, it seems that Beethoven was inspired by Mozart's most imaginative and radical compositions. Orchestral music in the 1760's was considered to be an intimate affair, as most concerts took places in private courts. In the last quarter of the century, composers realized the possibilities of composing for large ensembles as well as concerts outside the court, and their music reflects this.
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Good improvisation skills rely on a thorough understanding and knowledge of chords, chord progressions and chord - scale relationships. The written score on the other hand can be (and often is) played without such knowledge. One simply reads and regurgitates input, with little (if any) interpretation of the music. Despite the prevalent lack of constant improvisation in music throughout history, a few types of European music have been affected by the general trend, and have continued uninterrupted with their traditions of improvisation. Examples of this can include: a) Irish folk music b) Hungarian Gypsy music c) Organ improvisation in churches (as discussed previously)
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It is composed in such away that there is a relatively easy to listen section and then a more exciting middle section. Finally it returns to the original easy to listen to section. Are there any special performing techniques? Yes. In bar 3 the Glissando is used. The articulation is generally separated and in the B section there are a few instances where staccato is used (bars 10 to 16). The piece is meant to be swung throughout but less so in the second section.
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Identify ONE teaching and learning issue, with a curriculum focus, which has been of significance to you in you induction year. Discuss this issue drawing upon the relevant academic and professional literature and your induction experiences to support you
However, the term 'success' needs defining - many pupils who are excellent musicians even before they reach year 9 may not obtain the highest marks at GCSE, and this begs the question, what exactly does GCSE music test, the musicality of a pupil (which will be discussed with reference to Howard Gardner's theories of multiple intelligence) or a pupil's ability to 'jump through the hoops' required to do well in this type of exam? Schools continually have their statistics compared, and the practice of comparing 'value added' through the means of a baseline test, is undoubtedly fairer than simply comparing final results.
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Monteverdi's last two operas and his student Cavalli's operas were written for Venice. The first commercial opera house was opened in Venice in 1637 (Teatro S. Cassiano) which would be run by Cavalli after 1639. Before that opera was only for the enjoyment of the musical elite. In these last two operas of Monteverdi, there was another innovation which would become in common in later operas: closing the opera with a love duet. Meanwhile, opera was spreading from Italy to other parts of Europe. By 1700, Vienna, Paris, Hamburg and London were also operatic centers.
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