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Analysing Performance Breaststroke

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Introduction

P.E GCSE Theory Coursework For my analysis performance task I will be analysing my own performance at breaststroke in swimming. INTRO: Breaststroke is one of the oldest swimming styles. The history of the breaststroke can be dated back as far as the Stone Age. It was developed by men who imitated the swimming action of a frog. Today the breaststroke is swam on the chest, with the arms only breaking the surface of the water slightly and legs always underwater. It is the most popular recreational style due to its stability and the ability to keep the head out of the water at all times. However in competitive swimming breaststroke is regarded as one of the most difficult strokes requiring comparable endurance to other strokes such as front crawl. Breaststroke is the slowest of the four official styles in competitive swimming. The fastest breaststroke swimmers can swim about 1.57 meters per second. The reason why breaststroke is the slowest of the four competitive styles is because the body is often at a steep angle to the forward movement therefore it slows down the swimmer. Many professional and even Olympic breaststrokers will use their abdominal muscles and hips to add extra power to their kick thus making them swim faster. Swimming breaststroke requires the least amount of strength and energy per stroke than any other competition style; though it is the slowest of the four official styles it is considered the most technically challenging stroke; even though it is by far the most efficient in terms of energy consumption. ...read more.

Middle

Your elbows should stay at the eye line. If you use your high elbows as a hinge for the inward sweep of your hands and forearms, you'll create the leverage you need to use your abdominal muscles to bring your hips forward. This takes the pulling load off your weaker arm muscles and shifts it to your far more powerful torso muscles. Once you begin the in sweep, scull your hands directly back towards the front. When you do this properly, your hands complete all their sweeps in front of your chin. 4. Breathe with the body lift Don't lift your head to breathe. Keep it in the same position at all times. As your hands squeeze, they lift your shoulders up and forward and your torso lift carries your mouth clear of the water. 5. Begin the lunge As your head reaches the highest point you should still be looking down. Your arms are finishing the stroke cycle. Your hips are also at their best point for using them as a platform to launch your upper body forward as you kick. In the next movement the energy stored in your hips is released as you dive forward and release the energy from the shoulder end. Keep a low, narrow profile as you get set to dive forward 6. Dive Forward This is where you maximize your stroke length. ...read more.

Conclusion

Swimming is a sport that requires both muscular strength and endurance, and for this reason when training with weights I need to concentrate on developing strong muscles with high endurance capabilities. Day 1 :- Weight training : Press ups x 20 Chest Press x 20 on 15 kg Squats x 20 Shoulder press x 15 on 10 kg Tricep Dips x 20 Leg curl x 20 on 30 kg Day 3 :- Performance swimming : Warm up 8 x 25m freestyle (even pace) 4 x 25m Streamline Kicking Core 12 x 25m Breaststroke technique (slow to medium pace) 8 x 25m Breaststroke sprint (Start easy and progressively get faster.) Warm Down 4 x 25m freestyle swimming (slow pace). Day 5 :- Endurance training : Warm up (stretching) 20 minute jog 15 minute Fartlek training 5 minute cool down jog plus stretching Day 7 :- Performance swimming : Warm up 10 minutes freestyle non-stop endurance swimming Single arm freestyle 4x 25m left 4x 25m right 4x 25m full stroke Core 12 x 25m Breaststroke technique (medium to fast pace) 15 minutes Breaststroke 5 minutes swimming with just arms, 5 minutes swimming with just legs (to help improve technique and analyse my stroke technique in stages) then 5 minutes full stroke. 10 minutes Breaststroke speed/ endurance training. Warm down 6 x 25m Breaststroke slowing down progressively. Over a six week period I will increase the volume, frequency and intensity of the weight training over a six week period. ...read more.

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