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Aqua Fitness/Water Safety

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SURF AWARENESS 1. What are some of the visual signs that will indicate a rip is present? Before you try to locate a rip it must be understood what a rip is. A rip current, rip tide or rip is a strong surface flow of water returning seaward from nearer the shore. Although rip currents would exist even without the tides, the tides can make the existing rip more dangerous, especially low tide. Rips can move to different locations on a beach break, up to tens of metres a day. They can occur at any beach with breaking waves. Some of the visual signs that will indicate a rip is present are: * Calm water caused by the channel of water flowing out * Colour of water may be different from the surrounding area, usually brown; this is because of the sand being pulled away from the beach * The water line is lower on the shore near a rip current * Water moving in swells toward the beach, pushes against the beach, and then goes back out. It then forms into dark, choppy rivers within the ocean, this is the fatal rip currents * This dark patch is wider at the beach that is the mouth of the rip current, and then it is straight out or at a slight angle into the ocean. ...read more.


or alcohol * Observe and obey all signs * If you are unsure about surf conditions, ask a lifeguard or lifesaver * Don't swim directly after a meal * When swimming or surfing outdoors use 15+ sunscreen and wear a shirt and hat or other protective gear. * Learn how to check for rips and lookout for them. * Keep the beach environment clean * If you get in trouble in the water, stay calm and signal for help by holding up one arm and waving, float and wait BASIC SPORTS INJURY The RICER technique is an effective form of treating many sports injuries. Explain each step and this technique in detail. Rest * Rest the injured area * Reduces further damage * Avoid as much movement as possible * Don't put any weight in the injured part of the body Ice * Apply an ice pack to the injury for 20 minutes every hour - if ice pack is placed too long then blood supply will be cut off to the cells * Continue this treatment for the first 48 - 72 hours, in some cases * Place cold pack wrapped in towel onto the injured area. DO NOT place ice directly to skin can cause frostbite or ice burn * Ice cools the tissue and reduces pain, swelling and bleeding ...read more.


Place one hand on the forehead, the other on the chin (not the throat) and tilt the head back as far back as it will naturally go without force. * Pinch the casualty's nose closed * Completely cover the casualty's mouth with our mouth * Blow two full breaths of air into the casualty's lungs CPR/Circulation * If a casualty is unconscious with no breathing, start compressions immediately: * Baby o Place your index and middle fingers in the centre of the baby's chest, between the nipples * Child and Adult o Place the heel of your hand in the centre of the chest, between the casualty's nipples (your middle finger in line with the casualty's armpit for an adult.) * Regardless of age: o Give 30 compressions at the rate of 100 compressions per minute (approx 2 compression per second) o At 1/3 depth of the casualty's chest * After the 30 compressions, give two more breaths of air, being mindful of casualty's age * Continue the cycle of 30 compressions, 2 breaths until the ambulance not only arrives, but until they physically take over from you. ?? ?? ?? ?? Basil Razi (AWW) 4 Basil Razi, Sydney Grammar School FORM IV PDHPE AQUA FITNESS RESEARCH ASSIGNMENT 1 ...read more.

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