• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16
  17. 17

Athletics - Expected Performance and Record Holders of the 100 meters.

Extracts from this document...


Introduction The 100 metres is the shortest length contested at the international athletics competition and the classic sprints race distance. Athletes have contested the event since the prehistoric days. Even today, winning a 100 metre race is considered to be the most prestigious title in the athletics world of the "fastest person in the world." In the earlier days, 100 metre events were contested on natural tracks made of grass or "cylinders". A distance of 100 yards 91.44 metres was the actual length run in those days. The 100 metre event was contested on the straight track in the early days, but presently it has often started on the extended part of the oval track. This is done to provide space for the athletes when running the race in a straight line. In previous days, the sprinters started the race from standing position. However, since the nineteenth century, the style of starting the race has changed. In 1937, the starting blocks were introduced to the event. The 100 metres event was included in the men's athletic schedule at the 1896 Athens summer Olympic Games. The event is one of the most regular athletic events at the Olympics. The 100 metre event made its appearance in the women's athletic program at the 1928 Amsterdam summer Olympic Games. The event has contested at every Olympics since the 1928 games. Rules The International Association of Athletics Federations or the IAAF sets the rules for athletics event. The rules applying for the 100 meter sprint event are: � The IAAF has specified the length of the standard running track to be 400 Meter. The organization has also determined the width of the lanes on the track. � According to the IAAF rulebook, the radius of the outside lane of the track has to measure less than 50 Meter. � The track has to be properly marked at the starting and finishing points. ...read more.


* Sprint speed 2-3 x 3-4 x 20-60m from blocks (100m, 200m, High Hurdles) or 2-3 x 3-4 x 20-40m rolling (100, 200m, High Hurdles) or 2-4 x 150-250m from blocks (400m and 400 Hurdles). Sunday * Competition or * Technique practices as required or 6-12 x 150m stride, 250m walk recovery. Notes * Hurdlers will use hurdles in most sprint practices. When 'rolling start' work is used, the hurdles may be brought slightly closer to simulate the 'late race' situation in high hurdles. The 400m hurdler may work on stride change-downs on Tuesdays. * Each training session to include an appropriate warm up and cool down Phase 4 Tuesday * Sprint speed 2-3 x 3-6 x 20m-40m rolling start or Start technique 1-2 x 4-6 x 30m-40m or Acceleration 1-2 x 3-4 x 50m-80m or 1-2 x 3-4 x 30m accelerate, 30m decelerate, 30m accelerate. * General strength - Circuit or Weight training Thursday * Special exercises - combining specific strength, mobility and coordination. 30-60 minutes. * Repetition runs 1-3 x 2-4 x 120m-150m or 2-4 x (150m, 120m, 90m) or 2-4 x (120m, 90m, 60m) Sunday * 2nd event technique. * Sprint technique or 20 minutes special exercises for 2nd event. * Repetition runs 1-2 x 2-4 x 200-300m or 100m, 200m, 300m, 200m, 100m or 300m, 250m, 200m, 150m, 100m Notes * Hurdlers use hurdles wherever possible * 400m athletes o Thursday 2nd session. 1-3 x 3-5 x 120-200m or 3-5 x (180-150-120m) or 3-5 x (150-120-150m) o Sunday 3rd session. 2-3 x 2-4 x 300-500m or 250m, 350m, 450m, 350m, 250m or 600m, 500m, 400m, 300m, 200m, 100m * Hurdlers use runs over sections of the 'race' e.g. 200m hurdles and 300m hurdles for 400m hurdler; 3 hurdles, 5 hurdles, 7 hurdles for 'high' hurdler. These are built into repetition runs, technique runs or special exercises. * Each training session to include an appropriate warm up and cool down Phase 5 Tuesday * Technique practices as required, including relays practice. ...read more.


Bounding Bounding is any kind of continuous and repetitive jumping or leaping. Bounding drills usually entail single leg bounding, double-leg bounding, or some variation of the two. It may also include box drills or depth jumps. The focus of bounding drills is usually to spend as little time on the ground as possible; working on technical accuracy, fluidity, and jumping endurance and strength. Technically, bounding is part of plyometrics, as are from running exercises such as high knees and butt kicks. Flexibility Flexibility is an all-too-often forgotten tool for long jumpers. Effective flexibility works to prevent injury, which can be important for high impact events such as the long jump. A common tool in many long jump workouts is the use of video taping. This allows the athlete to go back and review their own progress as well as enabling the athlete to compare their own footage to that of world-class athletes. Training style, duration, and intensity will vary immensely from athlete to athlete based on both the experience and strength of the athlete as well as on coaching style. An important aspect, when training is being able to follow SPORT and FIT: Specific - train for your own particular sport Progression - increase your training gradually Overload - work harder than normal Reversibility - understand you'll lose your fitness when you're inactive Tedium - make your own training interesting Frequency - the amount of times you train in a week Intensity - how hard you are training Time - how long you work for Improving Performance If you want to improve your performance in any given sport, you need to learn the skills that are necessary to play that sport well. The long jump is an event that consists of four stages: * The run up * Take off * Flight through the air * Landing Long jumpers are usually very good sprinters. Athletes should try and improve on the following to: * Leg speed * Vertical jump ability * Standing long jump ability If these were applied then the athlete would improve on technique and demonstrate a good long jumper. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Exercise and Training section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Exercise and Training essays

  1. Analysing Performance Sport: Kayaking

    As I said before my hand-roll was only successful half the time and I wanted to significantly improve this. I have not paddled for two months and found it difficult to paddle the 2miles from pier to pier and back.

  2. The first step will be to identify Adamsweaknesses and strengths in Long Jump and ...

    Bounding is basically jumping around but with stability, balance and most of all control. My bounding session will mainly consist of: Alternate Bounding with Double Arm Action Pushing off with the left foot and bring the leg forward, with the knee bent and the thigh parallel to the ground.

  1. analysing performance for physical eductation

    This ball is a good defensive ball and is a good attacking ball because it makes it difficult for the batsmen to score runs and it gives the bowler the chance to swing the ball by bowling full and straight.

  2. Action Plan - I am going to create a plan in order to improve ...

    Over these 6 weeks I am going to spend an equal amount of time trying to improve these factors. By improving my weaknesses hopefully I can improve my entire game. I feel this because improving my cardiovascular endurance will improve my level fitness and so I want get as tired towards the end of the netball game.

  1. Analysing and improving task for rugby

    This can be done by either putting in a high box kick, with a strong chase, to be able to compete for the ball, or long one into space, just to keep the ball out of the half. Running A scrum-half also needs to be a strong runner, and be able to break first tackles and give offloads.

  2. Attacking Weaknesses.

    Where the leg kick is more dominant the stroke will be more undulating this means the hips will rise and fall more. In a flat stroke the hips will raise and lower with the leg kick, but it will be far less than the undulating or wave style.

  1. Analysing Performance Breaststroke

    Keep your head and shoulders hunched low as you finish your in-sweep, so your angle of re-entry is shallow, causing your momentum to channel forward. Return your hands to their full extension before your face re-enters the water, and make sure the crown of your head follows your fingertips forward.

  2. Training Program

    In this zone your anaerobic threshold is found (this can sometimes be referred to as the point of reflection - POD). During this zone the amount of fat used as the main source of energy is decreased rapidly and the glycogen stores in the muscles are mainly used, a by-product of this reaction is lactic acid.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work