• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Case study on Andrew Flintoff. Background information on Ankle Sprain which Andrew Flintoff is suffering from Ankle sprain

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Case study on Andrew Flintoff Background information on Andrew Flintoff Full name: Andrew Flintoff Born: December 6, 1977, Preston, Lancashire Age: 29 years Sex: Male Major teams: England, ICC World XI, Lancashire Nickname: Freddie Batting style: Right-hand bat Bowling style: Right-arm fast Height: 6 ft 4 in Education: Ribbleton Hall High school Andrew Flintoff, MBE, was born 6 December 1977, Preston, Lancashire. He is a cricketer who plays for Lancashire and England. A tall (6' 4") fast bowler, aggressive batsman and fine fielder, he is seen as one of the best players in the modern game, and one of the few genuine all-rounders in the international game at the present time. His nickname "Freddie" or "Fred" comes from the similarity between his surname and that of Fred Flintstone. Since making his Debut in 1998, Flintoff has been an integral player, and has both captained and vice-captained the team. He has been plagued with injuries due to his bowling action, and in late 2007 a fourth ankle operation took him out of cricket until summer 2008. To date, injuries have cost him more than 20 Test appearances, a tally that is about to grow substantially. Flintoff's history of previous injuries * 1999 - Returns early from South Africa with broken foot. * 2000 - Back injury ends Pakistan tour. * 2000 - Stress fracture of back: misses part of West Indies Test series. * 2000-01 - Back problems: not used in Pakistan as a substitute batsman and misses series against Sri Lanka. * 2001 - Back pain: misses Ashes series. * 2002-03 - Hernia operation: misses Ashes. * 2003 - Right shoulder hit in Lancashire nets by Sajid Mahmood: misses two Tests against Zimbabwe. These are the injuries Andrew Flintoff had on his left ankle since 2004. Because of this left ankle injury, so far he has missed England's crucial international games and has cost him his important time of his carrier. ...read more.

Middle

Wobble boards are designed to assist the re-education of the proprioceptive system by improving sensory receptor function. Wobble board training improves single leg stance ability and balance; while other studies have suggested that patients with ankle instability who underwent wobble board training experienced significantly fewer recurrent sprains during a follow-up period than those who did not follow the training programme. Wearing Sports Ankle Braces is another method of sprain ankle injury prevention. Ankle braces reduce the incidence of ankle injury, Sports ankle braces, provide stabilisation and support for athletes who have suffered a sprained ankle. Overall, these techniques and methods would prevent Andrew Flintoff from getting sprain ankle injuries. These techniques will be useful for him to use and also be able to prevent him from getting further injuries in the future. He will also be able to play more games for his country and be able to achieve more things in his carrier. HOW TO PREVENT INJURY DURING SPORTING There are two types of sports injury and they are acute and chronic or overuse injury. Acute Injuries: These are the result of a sudden stress on the body for example a dislocated finger joint caused by a basketball striking the finger. Chronic or Overuse injury: These are caused over training, insufficient recovery time, poor techniques and badly designed foot wear or equipment. Example: tennis elbow. HOW TO AVOID ACUTE INJURY The first thing to do to avoid acute injuries is to consider your body before anything else. 1. Make sure you have practised the skill needed for the sport before doing it. 2. Know how to look after yourself during the play so that you avoid unnecessary risks. 3. Make sure you are fit for the activity. Do not take part if you are ill or injured. 4. Warm up correctly to reduce the risk of muscle and joint injuries. 5. Cool down correctly to prevent stiffness and soreness to be prepared for the next event. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Ice Place an icepack around the injured part for 20-30 minutes. The ice packs relieve pain and are thought to reduce bleeding in the damaged tissue. The Aircast Cryocuffis the most effective method of providing ice therapy and is the professional's choice for foot and ankle injuries. It can provide continuous ice cold water and compression for 6 hours and it significantly reduces pain and swelling. * Compression Bandage the injured part firmly (but not tightly) using a crepe bandage. This also reduces internal bleeding. A swollen ankle is a sign of a significant sports injury. The swelling may be caused by bleeding in the joint or inflammation of the joint. If this swelling is allowed to consolidate it can produce excessive scar tissue which seriously lengthens the rehab period. Compression during the early stages helps to resolve swelling and is essential for a good outcome. Compression is provided for the ankle by the use of a removable plastic cast which has inflatable air cells to massage out swelling; together with intermittent use of an Aircast Ankle Cryocuff to provide ice and compression. * Elevation Support the limb in an elevated (raised) position. This reduces blood flow to the limb because the blood has to flow against the gravity. If the injury is not elevated then excessive swelling can accumulate and cause a delay with rehabilitation. This is particularly true with ankle injuries. If the ankle is not elevated then the effect of gravity causes the tissue fluid to accumulate around the ankle and foot. This can cause increased tissue pressure which is extremely painful. To relieve ankle and prevent excessive ankle swelling, the ankle is kept elevated above waist height for as much time as it is practical. When to use (or not to use) PRICE routine * Use PRICE routine for: - Minor strains and sprains. - Bruising from a collision or fall. ? Do not use PRICE routine for: fractures or dislocations. These should be moved as little as possible. For fractures, dislocations, and serious strains and sprains call an ambulance or see your doctor. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Anatomy and Physiology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Anatomy and Physiology essays

  1. Temperature regulation practical - Homeostasis.

    To prove the point that the body restores the body to the original temperature (i.e. negative feedback), we also measured the temperatures after 4 minutes of rest following exercise. Results: Table showing results from the Temperature Regulation Practical Time temperature was taken Type of temperature taken Measured Temperature (�C)

  2. Anatomy involved in bowling in cricket and a smash in badminton.

    Phase 2: The bowling arm coming around the body straight (flexion of the elbow) allows the maximum speed to be generated from the movement. The point of rotation is further away which allows greater speed through the air. The straight leg (extension of the hip and knee)

  1. joint tenancy is a form of co-ownership whereby all the owners are together seen ...

    Thirdly is the unity of title which is that all of the joint tenants must have acquired title in the same way, this follows from the idea that no joint tenant has an individual interest. Finally the unity of time which is that all of the joint tenants must have acquired their interest at the same time.

  2. Conduct the Queens Step test (provided) for all 4 students. Record the resting heart ...

    Immediately after the step test, her heart rate was 162 beats per min. This is classified as poor on the norms chart. Her current training program consists of exercise 2-3 times a week, including running at the park, school PE and dance.

  1. Personal Exercise Programme

    My results were the following for session one. On the rowing machine I managed to do 5905 and on the bicycle machine I managed to do 5500. For session two I think I did very well I did 5599 on the treadmill and 5729 on the rowing machine.

  2. Free essay

    The physical fitness and skill related fitness requirements in three different sports

    Muscular endurance can be enhanced by exercise and training. Flexibility is the ability to perform a joint action through a range of movement. Flexibility is critical in football because of the joint stress associated with dynamic multi-joint movements, this can lead to injury.

  1. Sports Injuries

    But I have had several minor injuries while playing sport such as cuts, bruises and abrasions while playing football and have not really been injured in any other sport. There are several ways in which you can prevent injury. You could asses and calculate the risk which will tell you the chances of injuring yourself.

  2. Fatigue - affects on the body

    This only occurs when there is a build up of lactic acid and with training tis can occur much later. Stafford brown et al (2003) states training has the effect of increasing the bodys ability to exercise for longer without tiring.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work