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Consideration Factors of Physical Training

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Considerations

This section will be based around taking into consideration factors, which will affect my training programme. I will be looking at what possible causes for low results or high results will be without blaming it on a low fitness level. These influences can prevent injury and decide whether I am pushing myself too hard.

The considerations are:

  • My Age
  • My Current Level of Fitness
  • My Health
  • What Part of the Season it is (Pre/Off or Peak)
  • Safety
  • What Components of fitness are most important for my Sport?
  • The 5 Principles of Training

I must first take into consideration my age, as it is vital I do not overstrain bones or potentially tear a ligament. At my age I am still growing and I do not want to strain myself so that I do overstrain a bone, muscle or ligament. My bones are growing quicker than my muscles so I could potentially cause myself a lot of damage. At my age it is illegal to lift a free weight and therefore this will definitely not be included in our circuit.

The next factor I must take into account is my current fitness level. The three reasons I will be taking this into consideration are because I can firstly plan my training at the right level for me so it is challenging and but not too challenging that I become bored with it. My current level of fitness will determine such things like how many circuits I try to achieve on the first week and how long I will aim to spend on a station. The next part is that I will be able to have a base line of results to compare my, hopefully, improved results to. I will be able to see if I made a beneficial improvement overall or whether it was a waste. The final part is that it helps identify my strengths and weaknesses so I know where to put in the extra effort to try and improve. It will be easy to decide where to spend the most of my time in the programme and whether it’s on my upper body or lower. (As my sport is football I suspect that the most of my time will be on my lower body muscles)

My health will also need to be taken into account as if I try to take part in my programme with an injury all I will do is make the injury worse and make the injury worse and may mean that I will be out from any sport for even longer. Also if I am taking any medication then I will need to note what it is and what the illness or injury I am suffering from. I will also note down whether I suffer from asthma or not. (Fortunately I don’t so this will not affect me) All health issues will need to be noted down and taken into account so I do not push myself too hard.

The part of the season will affect my training, for example I performed my training programme in off season football and so my training would be emphasising on getting maintaining my fitness so reversibility doesn’t occur. As it is off season then I would be maintaining my general fitness levels. I will be doing this because during the off season I’m not playing, or training as much and reversibility occurs this leads to a decrease in my fitness levels and inevitably my skill. It is important to maintain general fitness levels and making sure they did not drop causing my performance levels to decrease. Circuit training is well suited for this time of the season because of the variety of exercises and stations that can be placed in it, it means that it can specific to your particular weaknesses, it is also extremely successful so would be reliable in maintaining your fitness. Had it been during pre-season then my training would be intense and emphasise on getting my fitness up so I can last through a game. It consists of a lot of cardiovascular and muscular endurance and if in the right conditions I would be performing my circuit several times a week or if I needed it, once a day. Had it been during the peak part of the season then much of my training would not all have been physical but mental as well, preparing set pieces and other tactics. The other part would be concentrating on my speed and my on and off the ball movement and skill.

The next part to consider is my personal safety and of those around me. It is important that I dress correctly, such as wearing the right attire for football. If I was playing competitively I would need to wear shin pads and football boots. Due to my programme only being training it is not appropriate to wear shin pads. I will however need to make sure I’m not wearing any jewellery. Wearing jewellery could lead to injury; also chewing gum could lead to injury. If I were to accidentally swallow the gum then I may choke and harm my respiratory system. Again as it is only a training programme and is taking place on tarmac I will be wearing trainers and not football boots, the first reason for this is because the football boot isn’t designed for that surface and would get damaged and because if I were wearing them when I was on the tarmac it would be easier for to fall or to slide around. Trainers are adapted to tarmac and are therefore the safer option. Whilst mentioning the surface I’m playing on it is important the weather conditions are good. For example if it were raining then I would slide on the tarmac and my senses would not be as good this would slow me up and not be fair to my results, it could also mean that I slide and fall on the slippery surface causing potential injury to myself. It is therefore important to have good weather conditions otherwise I could injure myself.

The areas I feel I want to improve on due to them being so important to my position in football are:

  • Cardiovascular Endurance
  • Muscular Endurance
  • Power
  • Speed
  • Agility

Agility is consciencoulsy my main weakness and therefore I will put it into my training programme as several stations and it is important for my role as striker. Flexibility is not going to be included in my training programme as I do not feel it is as important as another skill area, it would be important, for example if I were a goal keeper but due to its irrelevance in my position it will not be included, it can be replaced by another fitness component.

I will finally need to consider the 5 principles of training. Specificity, progression, overload (FITT), reversibility and tedium. These will influence my training for example, tedium means to become boring and as a performer give up. I will need to consider the programme as a programme that is challenging but achievable. Another example is progression, I need to be able to progress and not immediately begin with intense training, this could cause injury.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Exercise and Training section.

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