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Describe the fitness requirements for three contrasting sports.

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Introduction

Football is a game that requires aerobic and anaerobic fitness. Aerobic fitness is the most important quality in football, closely followed by anaerobic fitness, running, speed and agility. Footballers tend to cover less distance and work at lower intensities during the second half of games then during the first half. This is because fatigue limits a player. To sum it up if a player was fitter they would perform more effectively. Therefore if a player was to improve aerobic capacity then overall fitness would boost performance on the football field. Team sports like football make it even harder to determine what areas of fitness are required. The types required will depend upon positions and role in the team, but one key area is skill and specificity. Football players should be football players first and athletes second. This doesn't mean that their athletic areas of fitness, speed, strength, stamina etc. are not important, because they are, but skill and specificity and perhaps sprint are the most important. Football players need a combination of aerobic and anaerobic fitness due to the nature of the game and the fact that there is continuous movement with lots of short bursts of more intense activity. Some positions require higher levels of anaerobic fitness than others, some require more aerobic fitness. A midfield player is required to cover a lot of ground during a game and needs a good aerobic engine. A striker on the other hand requires short bursts of repeated activity and requires more speed and anaerobic fitness. Interval training boosts the footballer's ability to play at high intensity's. Interval training uses fixed patterns of fast and slow exercise. You have to finish a set which is a group of repetitions before the footballer gets a rest. An advantage for a footballer using interval training for there training method is that you can mix aerobic and anaerobic exercise. ...read more.

Middle

the gun, leave the blocks, then in a split second that they are in the air after responding to the stimulus, the arms need to become extended, the legs drive back and so the swimmer will be in a stretched position when entering the water. A tumble turn in a freestyle swim. Rate control When approaching and driving off from a turn, the swimmer needs to be able to change speed and direction. It is not just this that is required for a good start, turn and finish, the timing of the change of direction and speed has to be effective, and so it is precise. The change of direction in swimming doesn't necessarily have to be precise in the timing of it, however in a tumble turn for example; the body is required to change direction where the outlay of time is kept to a minimum. So basically the swimmer wants to avoid gliding into and out of them, but in the early stage of the turn, where the body is about to curl up, roll and hit the wall, pushing off with there feet, the swimmer needs to do this quickly to build up the momentum to actually hurl the body over. All aspects of swimming. Stroke and sprint I related it to. Flexibility Flexibility is the range of movement around a joint. Flexibility depends on the type and structure of a bone and its shape, ligament and length. Flexibility is a factor that enhances the performance of the swimmer in the example. Better stroke efficiency and increased stride in length is improved and performance is enhanced by flexibility. Fitness is an important component in a hockey game. Muscle strength and stamina are both important to the hockey player. Aerobic activity needs a lot of oxygen present, which then energy production is carried out aerobically. As this type of physical activity requires large amounts of oxygen, the level of work must be of a low intensity, but it may continue for a ...read more.

Conclusion

Swimming - completing your heat in a gala/competition. Hockey - finishing a match. Football - finishing a match. Agility is only really important in hockey and football. You do use it in swimming but not as much as hockey and football. In hockey and football you need to change direction and body position accuracy. In swimming you turn direction when you get to the end of a swimming pool, for freestyle and backstroke you use a tumble turn to change direction, in butterfly and breastroke you have to touch the wall with two hands and push off the wall with your feet. Again speed is only really important in hockey and football. In swimming there are two types of course, short course and long course. Short course is sprinting. This is where you would need speed. Long course concentrates on endurance. Strength is important in all three sports. In hockey and football you need to use muscles to apply force to overcome resistance. In swimming it is more dynamic strength as you need to keep a load moving over a long period of time. In any of the 4 strokes the whole body is required to move through the water. In all three sports the skill doesn't come natural, it takes time and practice. In swimming you would obviously have started off by having swimming lessons for you to know how to swim. Same with hockey and football, you start off with practices where you learn new things week in week out. Then you would participate in matches where you demonstrate all these new findings. Endurance, all sports use this whether it is muscular endurance or cardiovascular endurance as muscles depend on endurance to move. In this assignment I am going to explain the health related fitness components and describe the fitness requirements for three contrasting sports of my choice. I will define the fitness requirements and then compare the fitness requirements for the three contrasting sports. The sports I have picked are: ...read more.

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