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difference between skill, Technique and ability

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Introduction

Discuss the difference between Skill, Technique and Ability and explain how "practice makes perfect." In this essay I am going to discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique. I will also investigate the phrase "Practice makes perfect". First it is essential that we understand the different types of skill, and the difference between skill, ability and technique. Skill can be defined as an ability that has been acquired by training. Skill is a commonly used word in sport, but not always with its original meaning (it has many different interpretations). The two terms skill and ability are often mixed up by people and referred to as the same thing. In sport skill is usually used as a concept rather than as a word. One interpretation of skill is it existing within a sport, for example, a set shot in basketball. There are different types of skills. Examples of three types of skills are intellectual skills or cognitive skills, perceptive skills, and motor skills. Cognitive skills involve the use of a persons mental power, e.g. problem solving, verbal reasoning. A Perceptive skill is interpreting and making sense of information coming in via the senses. ...read more.

Middle

Ability is seen as a fundamental, as without it we will never be able to develop a skill fully, for example the hand-eye co-ordination needed for a tennis serve. Take badminton for example, if you start with one player on each side of the net. You start by hitting the shuttle over the net to each other. You can then start to change this practise by using limitations. You could say you are only allowed to hit the shuttle to a certain part of the court with the other player still hitting to any part. This increases movement to hit the shuttle back to the same spot. Now if you teach the players how to play other types of shot. I.e. long shot and drop shot you can persuade them to vary their returns and this increases pressure to hit the shuttle back, not only to the other side but also where the other player is standing. This means they are 'skilled'. It can be said that performers at the top level must have been born with the correct natural abilities and then be able to learn the specific techniques to be able to perform the skill at a high level. The main factor affecting the development of a skill is practice. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example, in front crawl, the learner should be made aware of the basics of streamlining with the minimum about of additional information linking to other strokes or indeed other parts of the same stroke. They should also be made aware of the 'feel' of the water and the basic movement of the arms and legs through the water at any given time through the stroke. Once these basic skills are repeated continuously, the learner will have created a movement pattern that will be within their brain permanently. However, there are circumstances to suggest, "Practise does not make permanent." If a person does not have the ability needed to undertake a given skill using a range of techniques then no matter how much practise they have, the skill will not become permanent. Also another circumstance might be that the learner has incorrectly learnt a specific technique needed for a given skill (E.g. the arm movements within front crawl.) When trying to change this, practising becomes very hard as trying to change the original incorrect movement pattern is very hard and therefore, if the correct technique's movement pattern cannot be learnt then no matter how much he learner practises the technique for the skill will not become permanent. ...read more.

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