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For 2 contrasting sports identify and analyse the importance of health related fitness.

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Introduction

The Importance of Health Related Fitness Task: For 2 contrasting sports identify and analyse the importance of health related fitness For my assignment I have chosen the sports football and sumo wrestling, firstly because of the type of activity they are; football being predominantly a team game and sumo wrestling being an individual sport. And also I chose these sports because of the huge difference in health related and skill related components required to play them. These sports also require a massive difference in somatotype, as a sumo wrestler would be an endomorph and a footballer would be a mesomorph/ectomorph, as shown below: (http://www.e.kth.se/~e93_bea/sumo-01.jpg) (http://www.rediff.com/sports/football/2002/may/bobby.jpg ) Skilled Related Components (References: http://www.exrx.net/ExInfo/FitnessComponents.html http://www.insitefitness.com.au/lessons/ ) Speed is the maximum rate at which a person is able to move his/her body over a certain distance. It is a production of repeated maximal contractions, usually associated with short distances, i.e. 100m sprint requires very good speed. Reaction time is the time in which it takes for you to react, by making a muscular contraction, to a stimulus. It can be related to most sports, i.e. goal keepers in football, wicket keepers in cricket, squash players. Balance is the ability to be aware of where your body is in relation to your centre of support and body mass. There are two types of balance, static and dynamic. Static balance is the being able to balance in a stationary position, dynamic balance is keeping your balance while your body position is changing and you might also be under pressure from an opponent. You can relate balance to most sports, but in particularly gymnasts would need to have extremely good static and dynamic balance. Co-ordination is the ability to combine your senses with one or more muscular contractions in unison to carry out a motor skill. The most commonly known being hand eye co-ordination, which combines your sense of sight to any muscular contraction, i.e. ...read more.

Middle

This is because they train aerobically and anaerobically, so when they retire their hearts won't have grown so much that is could not cope with the sudden lack of aerobic exercise. Neither would they have to worry about their hearts clogging up with cholesterol. Although if they stopped suddenly some of their muscle would turn to fat, but not enough to cause any real damage; as footballers muscles are trained more for endurance rather than gross strength, so they aren't big enough to reverse into any kind of life threatening fat. The Effect of Fitness Components on Health Sumo Wrestling In terms on flexibility in agility on a sumo wrestler's health, the nature of the sport that they play means, that they may have good flexibility during wrestling but after they retire, the sport will have more negative effects on their flexibility and agility when they are older. This is because the huge forces being put on their joints, in particular their knees and ankles which can have up to 150kg on top of them. Although their joints (ligaments, tendons, bones etc) will become stronger and adapt to the weight changes, without proper guidance it is easier for a sumo wrestler to become to heavy too quickly, so in the long run their joints will be very weak and will almost definitely require some kind of support to walk/move with. To counter this though sumo wrestlers do have very good balance which will benefit their health, as if they do make sure that they keep their joints healthy enough so that they do not become too weak after retirement, then their extremely good balance should mean that they will be able to walk with very little help until a very old age. Sumo wrestlers also need a lot of muscle to be an effective wrestler, which can make them healthier while they wrestle but can easily be lost and turn to fat if they do not diet and exercise appropriately after retirement from wrestling. ...read more.

Conclusion

Football Although there are no real set health guidelines, most footballers are approximately 5-7ft, the majority being around 6ft tall; their weights will usually be in proportion to their height, so around 55-90kg correspondingly. Footballers are quick over 50 meters and will have the stamina too keep a good running pace throughout 90 minutes. The training raceme that professional footballers do is set by the coach of their club and is quite complex; it has many stages and adaptations. Each training scheme can be adapted for the position that you play in. All footballers will do some running training, mainly based around fartlek training that trains you aerobically as well as anaerobically by mixing all different paces of running, from walking to sprinting. Every player would also practice doing basic skills in repetition, i.e. practicing short passes, long passes, heading, controlling with feet, chest, knee and head. After going through the basics professionals would go into specific training, for example a defender would practice defensive headers for long periods of time, whereas a winger would practice crossing a moving ball and taking corners. A good example is David Beckham would specifically practiced taking free kicks and doing long lofted passes for long periods of time, because they are his specialty. A footballers diet would be much more balanced than a sumo wrestlers, and would not be eaten in excess. A footballers diet would consist mainly of carbohydrates, which would usually come in the form of bread, bananas, breakfast cereals and jelly babies are often used a source of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are so important because the body breaks them down into sugars, which the muscles use as their main fuel supply for running at any pace. Footballers will only eat small amounts of fat and moderate amounts of protein; they need protein in order to repair their muscles after demanding exercise. They will get protein predominantly from lean meats and fish. Too keep their diet balanced and healthy they will also eat plenty of fruit and vegetables in order to get the minerals and vitamins they need to stay healthy. ...read more.

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