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Health related fitness for two sports.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Health related fitness for two sports I have chosen to compare the related fitness for football, and netball. These two sports first and foremost are, somewhat mistakenly, restricted to gender in peoples ideas. Football is often perceived as a male dominated sport; the facts say otherwise, football being the fastest growing female sport not only within this country but also in larger countries such as the USA. Netball, on the other hand is often viewed as a female sport, this view is slightly more understandable given the relative non-participation of men on a higher stage, but to pigeon-hole sports in the modern era is wrong. Football, due to the large amount of physical contact is often deemed one of the more physically taxing of competitive sports, injury is not uncommon, although a fair proportion of injury is muscle based - meaning pulls and strains rather than impact injuries. Netball, is a non-contact sport, therefore the risk of impact injury is very low, although there will always be accidental collisions. There is a large amount of movement still involved, with pivoting and turning sharply an important part of the game, injury can result. It is important therefore to be agile and flexible for both sports, for both similar and different reasons. Football is slightly more dynamic, and often played at a higher intensity than netball, whereas netball relies upon intricate movement, both with and without the ball in hand. The question of endurance is another to consider. Football is played over two periods of 45 minutes whilst netball over 15 minute quarters. Football is somewhat reliant on what position you play as to what intensity you play at, the central roles; especially in midfield seem to be the workhorses. This can be said of netball also, the position of centre is the one position that covers the largest area of play. The endurance needs are different between positions; the goalkeeper in football can be compared to the goalkeeper in netball, these two positions sharing a relatively low workload. ...read more.

Middle

Theoretically, all team members get to bat and field, while only the specialists are required to bowl. Competition is structured as limited-over (one-day) games which involve one innings (maximum 50 overs) per side or four- to five- day games which involve two innings per side. The game is based on skill but in recent years the requirement for aerobic fitness has increased. Training Cricket is primarily a summer sport, with the season running from October to April in Australia. At the international level, cricketers can play nearly all year round. International tours occur throughout the year and many players choose to play in the national cricket season of countries in the opposite hemisphere during the Australian winter, for example, county cricket in England. Recreational cricketers are generally inactive throughout the off-season unless they participate in another sport or undertake their own fitness training. At first-grade level, pre-season training begins around June with general fitness work. Skill work becomes a priority as the season approaches. Training sessions focus on batting and bowling practice and fielding skills. Sessions typically run for 2-21/2 hours. Weights and aerobic sessions such as running or swimming are also included in the training week. At lower grades there may be little or no organised training. Competition District cricket is played on weekends and may be in the form of two-day fixtures or one-day competition. Female cricketers play in the Women's' National League. The International cricket season involves a one-day series and a test series (five-day matches). Players may be involved in one or both types of competition. Players usually return to play in their county competition when not required for international commitments. The physical requirements of a cricket game vary with the format of the match (one-day versus multi-day) and the player's position in the team. Test matches are played during the day (usually between 11am and 6pm). Limited-over matches are played as either day or day-night matches under lights. ...read more.

Conclusion

is pre-learned, rehearsed and perfected before it is done at high speed levels * Speed training is performed by using high velocity for brief intervals. This will ultimately bring into play the correct neuromuscular pathways and energy sources used Sprinting speed Sprinting speed can be developed in a number of ways: * Towing - the athlete is towed behind a motor cycle at a speed of 0.1 to 0.3 secs faster that the athlete's best for a rolling 30m. This pace is held for 20m to 30m following a gradual build up to max speed over 60m to 70m * Elastic Pull - two tubular elastic ropes are attached to the athlete - two coaches, positioned forward and to each side of the athlete, extend the elastic to full stretch and the athlete is virtually catapulted over the first 10m from a standing of crouched start Sprint Technique Development of your sprint technique is just as important as the development of your strength and endurance. General Notes taken from www.sportcoachuk.org As you monitor the athlete's technique look for: * a Tall action o This means erect, running on the ball of foot/toes (not heels) with full extension of the back, hips and legs as opposed to 'sitting down' when running * a Relaxed action o This means move easily, as opposed to tensing and 'working hard' to move. Let the movements of running flow. Keep the hands relaxed, the shoulders low and the arm swing rhythmically by the sides. * a Smooth action o This means float across the top of the ground. All motion should be forward, not up and down. Leg action should be efficient and rhythmic. The legs should move easily under the body like a wheel rolling smoothly along. * Drive o This means push from an extended rear leg, rear elbow drive with a high forward knee drive followed by a strike and claw foot action just behind the body's centre of gravity. Webliography www.health4sport.com www.bbcsport.com www.sportcoachuk. ...read more.

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