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Negative effects of exercise Exercise is also known for its vast results with benefiting the aging process and functional capacity

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Unit 15: exercise, health and lifestyle Negative effects of exercise Exercise is also known for its vast results with benefiting the aging process and functional capacity. It can increase muscular strength and stamina, increases/maintains bone mineral density preventing osteoporosis, maintains metabolic resting rate to prevent weight gain, improves joint integrity improves balance ad coordination and is even know to reduce the risk of developing colon or breast cancer. For such effects more lifting and movement orientated exercises are needed such as dancing, body building, swimming, etc. Again there are the risks to go with the exercises which could be more destructive with older members of the population. Contusions can occur which are bruises into the muscle tissue, more likely due to the frailness of the tissue, also making strains more likely. Fatigue is possible if the right energy food isn't eaten or if the use of exercise is too intense. Again, due to the age, arthritis and lower back pains would be more likely to be present and therefore call for a great deal more care when exercising. Besides the obvious physical benefits of exercise, it is also known to have various positive effects on the mental health of those who take up some form of exercise. It is praised for reducing mental states such as anxiety, stress, depression, restlessness. It also improves self-esteem and confidence, appearance, relaxation. It even has the ability to combat the likelihood of many degenerative problems, relieves and prevents migraine headache attacks and can assist in the efforts to stop smoking. Again, there are also possible bad side effects to people's mental health. It has been known of those interested in exercise to become obsessed to some extent and may develop an eating disorder to lose the fat such as anorexia that involves someone eating very little or bulimia where they are purposely physically sick for fear of putting on weight or consuming unhealthy substances in food. ...read more.


Although the binges relieve some tension, they also cause disgust, guilt, and concern about weight gain which will lead a person to purge after their binges. A purge is a way to compensate for all the extra calories by vomiting, excessive exercise, fasting, or using laxatives. It causes rapid gain and loss of weight, feelings of inadequacy, and an obsession with food. Binge Eating Disorder, Bulimia Nervosa and Anorexia Nervosa are the most common forms of eating disorders. Binge-Eating Disorder and Bulimia Nervosa are considered mental disorders because people with these disorders do not feel like they are in control of their eating behaviour. If a person binges more than twice a week, it is considered Binge-Eating Disorder. The combination of bingeing and purging is called Bulimia Nervosa. ". Anorexia, although still considered a mental disorder is more controlled, with the person either taking very small amounts of food or starving themselves to remain thin. It is estimated that 0.5 to 1% of women in late adolescence develop anorexia. It is most common between the ages of 10 and 30 and 90% of the cases are women. However, cases are increasing for men, minorities, older women and pre-teens. There are children as young as 8 showing concerns and behaviours around food, and up to 50% of these youngsters are boys Anorexia is associated with feelings and behaviours related to the fear of "fatness". These feelings include poor body image, a phobia about food and its ability to create fatness, and an intense fear of being a normal body weight. People with anorexia have not lost their appetite. They are very hungry indeed. They think about food all the time, want to be close to it - give it to others. What they don't do is allow themselves to succumb to their desire for food. Like all compulsive disorders, the roots of anorexia lie in deep anxiety, the sense that not only is life out of control, running away too fast, but that their ability to cope with life and all its demands is poor. ...read more.


There are no known side affects of creatine monohydrate although initial weight gain has been experienced due to water retention. A nasal strip is a small adhesive plastic strip that is worn across the bridge of the nose to hold the nostrils open. They were originally an anti-snoring device, which came out in the 1990's. Professional footballers and long distance runners mainly use them today. The marketing suggests that they allow an increased amount of air to enter the lungs and therefore increase the amount of O2 the athlete can take in. unfortunately due to scientific research the only known positive affect of the strips are that in very hot environments they prevent the brain from overheating. Athletes wanting to further the boundaries of performance will always be the case in all sports with all performers wanting to better others and themselves. It is a question of how these athletes choose to push these boundaries, by means of artificial aids, natural methods or just strong positive attitude, that is the thing that is left to be decided. As todays athletes are seen as role models they set an example for todays younger society. Athletes who are idolised and then seen taking drugs are unaware that this passes directly onto those who look up to them as role models. People will want to emulate their heroes at all costs and if this means taking supplements or drugs then so be it. Athletes may also believe that near enough everybody is taking drugs within sport so why should they be so different if they want to compete on an even playing field . people may even drop out of their sport if they feel that there is no point if everyone is on drugs especially in sports where split second differences are the key for winning. The bans which are imposed are also not very daunting so this doesn't exactly put people off for example when Rio Ferdinand got banned he was still getting paid ridiculous amounts of money for doing nothing. ?? ?? ?? ?? Richard Aldridge ...read more.

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