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Officiating in sport

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Introduction

My Analysis of my classmates performance as an official Referees are an integral part of football. Without them, the game, whether played by 5 a-side teams, Sunday morning park footballers or Premiership players would be very different to the one played by over 2 million people each week. To read the game as a referee, you must be one step ahead of play, anticipating the next move of the phase of play before it happens.1 This gives you more time to react, allowing you to become pro-active rather than re-active to situations that may occur. There is now currently a nationwide shortage of referees. There are 33,000 referees in this country, covering the 40,000 games played each weekend. Every year 7,000 referees are both recruited and lost, through age, fitness and abuse, leaving a shortfall of 8,000. This means that 20 % of all games have no referee.2 According to Chris Checketts, referee development officer at Bedford FA, the essential qualities of a good referee are "good communication, calmness, good fitness and an air of authority"3. For this specific piece of coursework, I have been asked to analyse my classmate's (Chris Owens) ability to officiate a 5 a-side-match. I will be observing him on the following 5 key areas: * His ability to deal with pressure * His knowledge of the game and the governing rules and regulations * His communication skills * His levels of observation * His consistency thorough-out the game The observation took place during Thursday practical training session was held on the schools Astro Turf courts. My role is to analyse Chris' skills in officiating whilst the PE teacher filmed the session. ...read more.

Middle

This also leads to accurate decisions being made and disputes over decisions being kept to a minimum. Consistency Consistency is the key to good refereeing. 5 Being close to play gives credibility to all decisions. 6 In the lesson I witnessed Chris' ability to keep up with the pace of play and a result he was still making correct decisions even late into the second half. He worked well as an official in the 5 a side matches but seemed to loose confidence when it came to an 11 a side match. He seemed to loose focus and control and made a few wrong decisions. However, his decisions did remain impartial throughout and the level of consistency was maintained. Once a decision was made, Chris would not swayed by the players or spectators. Researchers analyzed more than 2,600 top English soccer matches from 1996 to 2003 and found that referees gave more penalties in the form of yellow and red cards to players of the away team. Yellow cards are used to caution players of misconduct, while red cards send them off the field.7 Chris kept his nerve and went with his instinct, which 90% of the time was usually right and resulted in the correct decision being made. I think the players liked this and enjoyed the game due to the fact they knew he was remaining impartial and that his decisions maintained their safety was paramount at all times. The referee's intention should be that decisions made at the end of the match are as accurate and as credible as those made at the beginning.8 Part B - My plan Knowledge After I have talked about my partners strengths and weakness' I am not going to talk about what I can do to make him a better official. ...read more.

Conclusion

Being aware of the atmosphere both on and off the pitch could prove beneficial to Chris. Tensions on the field tend to effect the tensions off the pitch. This could in turn result in negative energy being felt on the pitch, which could lead to heavy tackles and bad sportsmanship. Part C - My Forecast In summary, I feel Chris that can markedly improved his level of officiating by adhering to the points that I have made in my plan above. Although he did well in his session, there were areas that once he has read and taken on my findings, would seem a marked improvement immediately. Chris needs to undertake further research and gain valuable levels of experience. I feel he has all the basic traits and attributes needed to make a great referee. By taking note of the issues raised and the suggestions given I feel he will go on to be an excellent official. The points I have made are merely suggestions that I feel will help Chris. He will need to strive to develop in areas of personal weakness also. Again in order to progress to the next level, Chris will need improve his communication and his basic knowledge of the game. This will result in him being better able to command better control of sessions and also manage the time allotted for the session more efficiently and effectively as possible. 1 The FA website 2 The Independent Newspaper July 2007 3 The Independent Newspaper July 2007 4 The FA website 5 Find Articles.com website 6 The FA website 7 Live Science.com website 8 The FA website ?? ?? ?? ?? Rees Curran PE Coursework ...read more.

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