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P.e. coursework- Dressage analyse of performance project

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Introduction What is dressage? Dressage a French term meaning training. Dressage is an equestrian sport in which the horse and rider perform a test of specific movements in an arena in front of a judge/s, and are judged on the horse's obedience, acceptance of the bridle and of the rider's aids, gaits, impulsion and the Harmony between horse and rider. Dressage principles, which trace to the earliest days of riding, are used in virtually every form of horse riding these days for example show jumping and eventing as the rider must learn to control and master the techniques to supple and develop muscles which both the rider and the horse need, to perform increasingly difficult movements. The rider first has to win the horse's co-operation and respect so that they can work together in harmony. Dressage is the fastest growing Olympic equestrian discipline with competitions being held at all levels from amateur to the Olympics! Rules and regulations Equipment and dress rules; * It is compulsory for anyone mounted on a horse at an Affiliated Dressage competition to wear a hat. * Boots must be black or brown and may be top boots or jodphur boots. Gaiters may be worn providing they are identical leather to the jodphur boots and have no decoration of any sort * Gloves must be worn when riding a test * Ordinary snaffle bridle must be worn at lower ...read more.


* Competitors must wait until the Judge has sounded the horn, rung the bell or in some way signified that he/she may start, before entering the arena. Once the signal has been given competitors have 45 seconds to enter the arena at 'A'. Entering before the signal to start or failure to start within 45 seconds will result in a 2 mark penalty per Judge being awarded. * Salute, Competitors must take the reins and whip, if carried, in one hand. The free hand should be lowered to the rider's side and the rider should nod their head. Gentlemen may salute in the same manner, or, if they wish, they may remove and lower their hat with their free hand before nodding. * Sitting and rising, For all tests at elementary level and below used at British Dressage competitions trot work may be executed sitting or rising. * Dismounting and/or fall off horse, If after the rider has entered the arena, he/she dismounts without a reason acceptable to the Judges, no marks will be given for the movement. In the case of a fall of horse and/or rider, the competitor will not be eliminated, but will be penalised by the effect of the fall on the execution of the movement concerned and in the collective marks. ...read more.


This helps to engage the horses hindquarters and improve a better balanced and more powerful canter. Exercise 2; leg-yielding onto a bigger circle- This exercise should be done in an arena, in trot starting on a 10 meter circle the rider should leg-yield out onto a 20 meter circle and repeat on the other rein. As the horse crosses his hind legs, his quarters will engage to again help create a better balanced and more powerful canter. Exercise 3;Half pass-This exercise like leg yielding should be done in an arena but starting on a 20 meter circle and the rider using their outside leg to make the horse move and bend in an ever decreasing circle and unlike in the leg yield where the horse is moving away from the direction of bend in this exercise the horse is stepping in the direction of bend. A more difficult movement for both horse and rider. This exercise helps improve flexibility and gives the rider the tools to straighten a horse that travels crooked on the straight away. Exercise 4- Riding without stirrups- this exercise helps improves riders balance and lower leg position. Exercise 5- Lengthening and shortening strides- Frequent changes from working/collection to extension and vice versa at both trot and canter is an excellent exercise for teaching the horse to control his own balance, which is especially important when riding circles. ...read more.

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