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Pdhpe revision Notes

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PDHPE NOTES Reaching Out Cardiovascular Endurance: The ability of the heart, lung, and circulatory system to supply oxygen to the working muscles. Test = Beep Test Strength: The ability of a muscle to generate force against a resistence. Test = Seated Basketball Throw Flexibility: The range of movement of a joint or group of joints. Test = Sit and Reach Muscular Endurance: The ability of a muscle to repeat muscle contractions against a resistence. Test = Sit Ups Body Composition: The Body's fat percentage. Test = BMI, Body Mass Index Power: The quick performance of a muscle against resistence. Test = Medicine Ball Throw Balance: The ability to maintain the body in equilibrium. Test = Stork Stand Agility: The ability to change direction quickly and control whole body movements. Test = 5 Metres Test Speed: The ability to perform a movement quickly. Test = 40 Metres Sprint Co-ordination: The use of two or more parts of the body in a controlled way. Test = Flick Stick Test Reaction Time: The movement response time to a certain stimulus. Test = Ruler Drop Measurement of physical Fitness allows us to: * Motivate * Identify Talent * Plan Specific Programs * Monitor Training Progress * Assess throughout injury rehabilitation * Establish individual and group fitness levels Good Mental Health is important in helping us to function appropriately and effectively in all aspects of our lives. ...read more.


Painful, itchy, blistery sores usually occur around the mouth, genitals or anus. There is no cure. * HIV is a viral infection transmitted by the transfer of infected body fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids and pre-cum. There is no cure. * Syphilis- A bacterial infection which causes a painless ulcer to develop 10-90 days after exposure. You may not be able to see the ulcer. It heals but causes even bigger problems if not fixed early. Stress is actually a state of arousal consisting of a number of body changes. The stress response is also known as the fight or flight response - either we fight the situation or we run away fast! When the problem is over, the body returns to its normal, relaxed state and we feel much better. While we cannot always remove ourselves from stressful situations, there are lots of ways to protect ourselves from the negative effects of stress. Examples include: 1. Aerobic exercise- gets rid of the chemicals in your body that cause muscles to be tense. It also helps you take your mind off other things, and helps you have a more restful sleep. 2. Talk to someone about our bad feelings or stress and what is causing them. Find someone you like and trust. 3. Don't try to do everything at once. 4. Keep some time everyday to do something you enjoy. ...read more.


* Cycling * Fencing * Goalball * Judo * Weightlifting * Futsal (Similar to Soccer) * Shooting * Swimming * Table Tennis * Tennis * Volleyball * Nordic Sit Skiing * Biathlon * Alpine Skiing * Sledge Racing * Nordic Skiing * Sledge Hockey Swimming and Lifesaving Themes developed in Swim and Survive: * Water Confidence * Water Safety * Survival * Swimming Techniques * Endurance The essential elements of such a learn to swim program are: * Water Familiarisation * Buoyancy, mobility and body orientation * Propulsion and stroke exploration * Stroke Development Sculling is one of the most important skills in a learn to swim program as it is the basic skill upon which all strokes and many other techniques are based. Survival Sculling should be used when it is necessary to stay in the same position. The practice of Survival sculling is a great help in developing balance and control in the water. Treading Water enables the person to stay in one position with the head above water. The egg beater kick is a useful technique when a powerful treading water action is required. To Choose an appropriate stroke for any activity or emergency, the swimmer should consider the following features: * Speed of the stroke * Energy expenditure * Propulsion * Vision Rescue principles The steps in a rescue may be summarised as follows: * Recognition of and emergency * Acceptance of responsibility * Assessment * The plan of action * Action (The Rescue) * Emergency Care ...read more.

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